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LAW, (EDMUND) was born in 1702 in the parish of Cartmel, in Lancashire. In 1723 he took his de gree of bachelor of arts; in 1727 that of master of arts and in the same year, he was elected fellow of Christ's college. In 1748 he was appointed archdea. con of Carlisle. In 1769 he was promoted to the See of Carlisle. Dr. Law was first known to the public, in 1729, by a translation of arch-bishop King's "Essay on the Origin of Evil." In 1735 he published" An Enquiry into the ideas of Space, Time, Immensity, and Eternity ;" and, in 1745, "Considerations on the Theory of Religion" to which are added, "Reflections on the Life and Character of Christ." Besides these large works he published a tract upon the nature and end of Catechising; several pieces on the controversy concerning an Intermediate State; and in 1744, a pamphlet entitled, "Considerations on the propriety of requiring a subscription to articles of Faith." He died at his seat in Rose-Castle, Cumberland, Aug. 14, 1787, aged 85.

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LEAKE, (SIR JOHN) a brave & successful English Admiral, was born in 1656 at Rotherhithe, in Surrey. His father instructed him in both mathematics and gunnery, with a view to the navy, and entered him early into that service as a midshipman ; in which station he distinguished himself, at the memorable engagement between Sir Edward Sprague and Van Tromp, in 1673, being then, no more than seventeen. În 1688, James II. having resolved to fit out a strong fleet to prevent the invasion from Holland, Leake had the command of the Firedrake fire ship, and dis tinguished himself by several important services 3 particularly, at the siege of Londonderry in Ireland. Soon after he had the command given him of the Eagle, a third rate of 70 guns. In 1692 the distinguished figure he made in the famous battle of La VOL. III. No. 20. Y

Hogue, procured him the particular friendship of Admiral Churchill; he continued to behave on alli occasions with great reputation, till the end of thewar, when, upon concluding the peace of Ryswick,. his ship was paid off Dec. 5, 1697. Upon the decla ration of war against France, he received a commis sion, June 24, 1702, from Prince George, appointing him commander in chief of the ships designed against Newfoundland. He arrived there with his squadron in August, and destroying the French trade and settlements, restored the English to the possession of the whole island..

Upon his return home, he was appointed Rear admiral of the Blue, and Vice admiral of the samesquadron; but declined the honor of knighthood, which however he accepted the following year; when he was engaged with admiral Rook, in taking Gibraltar. Soon after this, he particularly distinguished himself in the general engagement off Malaga; and being left with a winter guard at Lisbon for those parts, he relieved Gibraltar in 1705, which the French: had besieged by sea, and the Spaniards by land, and reduced to the last extremity. February 1705, he received a commission, appointing him Vice admiral of the White; and in March, relieved Gibraltar a second time. March 6, he set sail for that place; and, on the 10th, attacked five ships of the French fleet coming out of the bay, of which two were taken, two more run ashore, and were destroyed. The same year Sir John was engaged in the reduction of Barcelona: after which being left at the head of a squadron in the Mediterranean, he concerted an expedition to surprize the Spanish galleons in the bay of Cadiz ; but this proved unsuccessful. In 1706, he relieved Barcelona, and thereby occasioned the siege to be raised by king Philip. Presently after this success at Barcelona, Sir John reduced the city of Carthagena j from whence, proceeding to those of Alicant and Joyce, they both submitted to him; and he conclu

ded the campaign of that year with the reduction of the island of Majorca. In 1707, he was advanced to be admiral of the White, and commander in chief of her majesty's fleet. In this command he returned to the Mediterranean and surprising a convoy of the enemy's corn, sent it to Barcelona; and thereby saved that city and the confederate army from the danger of famine. In 1708 he sailed with his fleet to the island of Sardinia, which being soon reduced by him to the obedience of king Charles, that of Minorca was soon after surrendered to the fleet and land forces.

Having brought the campaign to so happy a conclusion, he returned home, where during his absence, he had been appointed one of the council to the Lord High Admiral, and was likewise elected member of parliament for Rochester. December the same year, he was made a second time Admiral of the fleet, in 1709 appointed one of the Lords of the Admiralty. In 1711, he was the third time made admiral of the fleet, and again in 1712, when he conducted the English forces to take possession of Dunkirk. Before the expiration of the year, the commission of admiral of the fleet was given to him a fifth time. Upon her majesty's decease, Aug. 1, 1714, his post of Rear admiral was determined; and he was superseded as admiral of the fleet by Mathew Aylmer, Esq. in November 5. In the universal change that was made in every public department, upon the accession of George I. admiral Leake could not expect to be excepted. After this he lived privately at Greenwich, where he died Aug. 1, 1720, in his 65th year.

LEAKE, (JOHN) was born near Kirkoswald, in Cumberland. After having gone through a regular course of education, he devoted his attention to medicine. He attended the hospitals in London, and being admitted a member of the corporation of

surgeons, an opportunity presenting itself of extending his knowledge, by visiting foreign countries, he embarked for Lisbon, visited several parts of Italy, and, on his return to London, commenced business as a surgeon and man-midwife, in the neighbour hood of Piccadilly. He soon after published "A Dissertation on the Properties and Efficacy of the Lisbon Diet-drink," which he administered with success in many very desperate cases of lues, scrophula, and the scurvy. He passed the usual examination of the president and censors of the London College, with uncommon, eclat. He then commenced lecturer in the obstetric art, by delivering to the faculty his "Lecture Introductory to the Theory and Practice of Midwifery," which passed through four editions, in 4to.. In 1765, he purchased a piece of ground, on a building lease, and afterwards presented to the public the original plan for the institution of the Westminster Lying-in Hospital. As soon as the building was raised, he voluntarily, and without any consideration, assigned over to the governors, all his right of the above premises, in favor of the hospital; and published, in 1773, a volume of "Practical Observations on the Child-bed Fever;" and, in 1774, "A Lecture, Introductory to the Theory and Practice of Midwifery; including the History, Nature, and Tendency of that Science: publicly delivered, October 4, 1773," 8vo. which was afterwards considerably varied, enlarged, and published in two volumes, under the title of "Medical Observasions and Instructions on the Nature, Treatment, and Cure of various Diseases incident to Women." In 1791, he was seized with an indisposition of the breast, which was imagined to have been produced by his application in composing " A practical Essay on the Diseases of the Viscera, particularly those of the Stomach and Bowels.". He recovered from that illness, and the work was published in 1792. Soon after the publication of this work, he had a return.


of his former complaint, and Dr. Leake was found dead in his bed.

LEE, (CHARLES) a major-general in the service of the United States, during the revolutionary war, was an Englishman by birth, and the youngest son of John Lee, a colonel in the British service.

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From his early youth he was ardent in the pursuit of knowledge; and being an officer at eleven years of age, may be considered as having been born in the army. This circumstance deprived him of some regularity with respect to the mode of his education, yet his genius led him assiduously to cultivate the fields of science, and he acquired a competent knowledge in the languages of Greece and Rome; while his fondness for travelling gave him also an opportunity of attaining the Italian, French, German and Spanish..

Having laid a good foundation, tactics became his favorite study, and it seemed to be the height of his ambition to distinguish himself in the profession of We accordingly find him very early in America, commanding a company of grenadiers, and he was wounded at the battle of Ticonderoga, where General Abercrombie was defeated.


When he returned to England, from America, after the reduction of Montreal, he found a general peace was in contemplation. The cession of Canada to the French was then talked of a circumstance, which gave great uneasiness to the Americans. On this occasion he published a pamphlet, shewing the importance of Canada to Great-Britain; which was highly approved of by all the friends of America. The celebrated. Dr. Franklin, in particular, was pleased to say, "that it could not fail of making a salutary impression." In the year 1762, he bore a colonel's commission, and served under general Burgoyne, in

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