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run, the thread-breath escapes he had made, the destitute condition of the country, when she declared herself free; the want of ammunition, troops, discipline, resources, and even the necessaries of life, his eyes flashed with enthusiasm, and the vigour and fire of youth seemed to revive in his bosom. In the course of his remarks, he would digress to his old horse Bull, which might be called his hobby; and with Bull, he would invariably couple his good man Moses.

"By the by," said he, "Mr. Rowland, Moses is a Roman Catholic."

"And a more faithful servant cannot be found in the world," added Louisa.

"Our religion inspires fidelity, my dear," said Rowland.

"Even Protestants appear convinced of that," said the General; "for most of those whom I am acquainted with, give them a preference."

I heard Sabina Bramswell remark, papa, that when her father can get a Catholic servant, he will have no other."

"And justly, very justly, my love, if I may judge from my good old Moses."

"You must know, Mr. Rowland," observed Mrs. Wolburn, with a significant emphasis, "that Moses goes regularly to confession. To Father Hamilton, isn't it, Wolburn, in Alexandria?

"Every month, my dear, as regularly as the sun. Even during the war, when we poor sinners," he continued with a tone of voice, half jocular and half earnest, "had hardly, or thought we had hardly, time to say a prayer, Moses would find time to prepare himself for confession, and receive communion. And I never knew hini to be without his beads. I once surprised him at the rosary, and asked an explanation of that kind of prayer: and I believe he satisfied me."

"I think he mentioned, papa; that the beads

are a spiritual nosegay made up of prayers in honour of the Virgin Mary," said Lousia.

"A very pretty idea," rejoined Mr. Rowland. "The beads, my dear General," said Rowland, "is composed of five or six decades, divided from each other in such a way, that the ten Hail Mary's are separated by a Glory be to the Father, and the Lord's Prayer. The prayer called the Hail Mary consists of three parts: the first of which consists of the words of the angel Gabriel on announcing to her, that she was to be the Mother of God. 'Hail full of grace, the Lord is with thee'-(Luke i. 28.) The second consists of the salutation of Elizabeth inspired by the Holy Ghost, 'Blessed art thou among women.' The third part was added by the Church, in the fifth century, when the mater nity of the blessed Virgin was denied by the Nestorians: Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now, and at the hour of our death. The 'Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost,' &c., is a doxology, which was introduced into the various churches, after the condemnation of the Arian heresy, which denied the mystery of the trinity. To perpetuate the remembrance of the incarnation of Christ, the maternity of Mary, and the mystery of the trinity, is the object of the Catholic in reciting the beads. The beads themselves are of no other use than to designate the number of times the prayers should be said: the efficacy of the rosary, therefore, consists not in the beads themselves, but in the prayers offered with attention, and fervour, and religion to the Virgin Mary: not with the view of making her equal to her Son, or of obtaining from her the remission of our sins, but merely to propitiate her favour, and obtain her advocacy and intercession."

Here Mrs. Wolburn begged leave to retire to her devotions, and left the room. Louisa followed.

"Perhaps, Mr. Rowland, you may desire to be alone till supper," said the General: "I will therefore leave you to yourself."

The father was not unwilling to spend the short time which remained before tea, in reciting his breviary, and performing several spiritual exercises, from which he never dispensed himself, except in case of necessity. The General having ordered more wood to be put on the fire, made his obeisance, and retired.

CHAPTER IV.

"When Prudence warned her to remove by times,
And seek a better heaven, and warmer climes."

DRYDEN.

ROWLAND finding himself alone, and not likely o be disturbed for some time, took from his pocket a breviary, and commenced his "office." For the reader must know, that every Catholic clergyman is bound to recite, every day, a certain number of Psalms, extracts from the sacred scriptures, and from the fathers of the church; and this is what is termed the "office," and the book in which the office is contained, is called the "breviary." So that the Catholic priest who is accused of keeping the bible out of sight, is obliged to spend at least an hour a day, in reading passages from that sacred volume. Do those persons who are loudest in the praises of the Bible imitate their example? or rather is not their time, and care, and attention absorbed by the concerns of a family, which they raise around them? Father Rowland was accustomed to recite his office kneeling, and when time would permit, he concluded the whole by a chapter

from the epistles. It chanced, as he opened the testament, a small edition of which he always carried about him, that he fell on the second chapter of the second epistle of St. Peter. With the utmost attention, he perused the first verse: "But there were also false prophets among the people, even as there shall be among you lying teachers, who shall bring in sects of perdition." He was struck most sensibly; and closing the book with his thumb in the page which he was reading, he pondered over and over the wordslying teachers-sects of perdition. As he sat pensively ruminating on these expressions, and pitying the delusion and errors of so many well-disposed and amiable persons, who are led astray by false teachers, tea was announced.

When he entered the room, he found the General and the two ladies sitting at the table. Wolburn rose to receive him, and requested a blessing, which, as usual, he said in English. After sup per, the General, perceiving a new publication lying on the sofa, asked what it was?

"A new poem," replied Louisa. "By whom, my love?"

"By an unknown writer, papa." "On what subject, Louisa?"

"The institution of the christian religion," she replied, presenting it to her father. Wolburn was a friend to literature, and not unacquainted with the muses: when young, he had written several fugitive pieces, principally on the subject of the revolution, which were read with avidity. Mrs. Wolburn was devoted to poetry; and Louisa was sometimes styled the poetess.

"Good poetry," observed Father Rowland, "is the best mode of communicating thought: but it is a pity to see how it has been abused. How many have distinguished themselves as voets, how few as moral writers!"

""Tis true, dear Sir," replied Mrs. Wolburn, "and hence it affords me an exquisite entertainment when I come across a poem like this, which, though not of the first class of writers, is not without force, and some elegance."

"Parents cannot be too cautious," said Rowland," what books they put into their children's hands: how many have been perverted, have lost all principle of religion, and have been led into the most shameful excesses by reading libertine books! My dear madam, it is all important to infuse religious sentiments into the minds of children. The language of some parents, and I may in a confidential manner, name, for example, the Collinghams, is, that children are not susceptible of religious principles, that they should be left without any control, until they arrive at an age to judge for themselves." "Such language," repeated the General, with considerable energy, "cannot be too much deprecated."

"Leave a child without religion, till it reaches the age of discretion, and that child will choose none," said Rowland. "For surely, were it a matter of choice, no mortal would submit to any religious yoke. But there can be no choice either to embrace or not embrace a thing, when that thing is necessary, and urged upon all by the divine command."

"I may adduce myself as an instance," said the General: "but, to be sure, my case may be an exception, as I have been so much agitated by the political storm which has just been fulled. I was brought up in no church: my father, it is true, was a Protestant, but cared little about my principles of religion: and though I call myself a member of St. Saviour's Church, I declare I know not what I believe."

This candour of the General excited the astonishment of Mrs. Wolburn and Louisa: never

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