The Golden Bough: A Study in Comparative Religion, Volume 2
Macmillan, 1890 - 407 pages
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Expressions et termes fréquents
according allowed Amongst animal annually appears bear begin believed bird blood body bones bonfires boys brought called carried ceremony chief cock corn corn-spirit custom dance dead death devils divine door driven eaten evil example fact feast festival field fire fish flesh followed girl give goat gods golden grow hand harvest head horse human Indians island Italy killed kind king land last sheaf leaves light live March means midsummer mistletoe object observed offered once originally person pieces plant present priest primitive probably reason regarded remains represented round sacred sacrificed seen skin slain sometimes soul species spirit spring stone story supposed taken throw took totem tree tribe village whole Wolf woman women wood worship young
Page 257 - They kindle a fire, and dress a repast of eggs and milk in the consistence of a custard. They knead a cake of oatmeal, which is toasted at the embers against a stone. After the custard is eaten up, they divide the cake...
Page 309 - is far from here and hard to find, on the wide ocean. In that sea is an island, and on the island there grows a green oak, and beneath the oak is an iron chest, and in the chest is a small basket, and in the basket is a hare, and in the hare is a duck, and in the duck is an egg ; and he who finds the egg and breaks it, kills me at the same time.
Page 349 - Upon this occasion it is pretended that these poor creatures drink so much of that water of Lethe that they perfectly lose the remembrance of all former things, even of their parents, their treasure, and their language. When the doctors find that they have drank sufficiently of the wysoccan (so they call this mad potion) they gradually restore them to their senses again, by lessening the intoxication of their diet; but before they are perfectly well they bring them back into their towns, while they...
Page 203 - ... to effect a total clearance of all the ills that have been infesting a people. If any link were wanting to connect the two kinds of expulsion, it would be furnished by such a practice as that of sending the evils away in a litter or a boat. For here, on the one hand, the evils are invisible and intangible; and, on the other hand, there is a visible and tangible vehicle to convey them away.
Page 243 - In short, the girl is viewed as charged with a powerful force which, if not kept within bounds, may prove the destruction both of the girl herself and of all with whom she comes in contact. To repress this force within the limits necessary for the safety of all concerned is the object of the taboos in question.
Page 167 - Others seized burning brands or coals and flung them at the heads of the first persons they met. The only way of escaping from these persecutors was to guess what they had dreamed of. On one day of the festival the ceremony of driving away evil spirits from the village took place. Men clothed in the skins of wild beasts, their faces covered with hideous masks, and their hands with the shell of the tortoise, went from hut to hut making frightful noises ; in every hut they took the fuel from the fire...
Page 143 - ... for amusement. On St. Stephen's day a group of boys' go from door to door with a wren, suspended by the legs, in the centre of two hoops, crossing each other at right angles, decorated with evergreens and ribbons...
Page 241 - According to Pliny, the touch of a menstruous woman turned wine to vinegar, blighted crops, killed seedlings, blasted gardens, brought down the fruit from trees, dimmed mirrors, blunted razors, rusted iron and brass (especially at the waning of the moon), killed bees, or at least drove them from their hives, caused mares to miscarry, and so forth.
Page 257 - ... for each of the company must contribute something. The rites begin with spilling some of the caudle on the ground, by way of libation : on that every one takes a cake of oatmeal, upon which are raised nine square knobs, each dedicated to some particular being, the supposed preserver of their flocks and herds, or to some particular animal, the real destroyer of them : each person then turns his face to the fire, breaks off a knob, and flinging it over his shoulders, says, ' This I give to thee,...
Page 173 - Their nature appears to undergo a temporary change. Sons and daughters revile their parents in gross language, and parents their children ; men and women become almost like animals in the indulgence of their amorous propensities.