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say, that if acting rightly depends upon the 'assistance of God, and it is not in my power 'to act rightly, I ought not to be blamed: for when I shall have done every thing in my power, and shall have willed, and chosen, and ' entered upon the business, but he upon whom the success depended shall not have assisted me, or stretched out his hand, I am freed from 'all blame. But this is not the real case. For it is impossible if we will, and choose, and resolve, that God should desert us. For if he encourages, and exhorts those who are unwilling, to be willing, much more does he not ' desert those who choose of their own accord. "For look, says he, at the generations of old, ' and see, did ever any trust in the Lord, and was confounded? or did any abide in his fear, and was forsaken?" And again, Paul says, Hope maketh not ashamed?" that is, hope in God: for it is impossible for any one to fail, 'who hopes in God with all his mind, and exerts ' himself to the uttermost.-And again, we are


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told, "He that endureth to the end shall be 'saved." These are all rules, and laws, and 'decrees; and this ought to be fixed in your

mind, that it is impossible that any one who 'is diligent, and takes care for his own salva'tion, and makes all the exertion in his power, should ever be deserted of God."'* Many

* Refut. p. 477.

pages to the same purpose might be here inserted from CHRYSOSTOM, (were I not desirous of avoiding needless prolixity,) as fully consentaneous to our views on this subject: and really when we find the Bishop swelling his pages with them against us, it is difficult to assign any probable motive which would not impeach either his integrity or his discrimination.

§ 14. There are some quotations, still from CHRYSOSTOM, produced against the Calvinists, relating to the divine the divine permission, which, notwithstanding, we must take leave to regard as pious and conclusive. "This is the peculiar

language of scripture' God gave them over 'to a reprobate mind,' and 'God hath divided ' unto all nations;' that is, he has permitted, 'allowed. For he does not here introduce him acting, but he shews that these things happen 'by the wickedness of others. For when we are deserted by God, we are delivered up to the devil; but when given up to the devil, we 'suffer ten thousand evils. Therefore, that he may alarm the hearer, he says, he hardened,

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he gave up. For that he not only does not give us up, but does not desert us except from 'the want of our own will, learn from these 'expressions; Do not your sins separate me ' and you?' And again-They that forsake thee shall perish.' Hosea says, Thou hast

'forgotten the law of thy God, and I will forget thee:' and he himself in the gospel says'How often would I have gathered thy children together, and ye would not!' And again 'Isaiah -"I came, and there was no man; 'when I called, there was none to answer. These things he says, to shew that we are ourselves the origin of our being deserted, and 'the cause of our own destruction.'

§ 15. Were it not that I consider the preceding quotations as orthodox, and calculated to instruct and edify the pious reader, an apo-`` logy would be necessary for detaining him so long on subjects which have no bearing on the points in controversy. I have given the quotations in the Bishop's own translation of them, to preclude all suspicion of unfair design. There is no doubt his Lordship might have conveyed their meaning in language far more perspicuous and elegant, had he thought proper to deviate from so literal a rendering: but, where controversy is concerned, he was perfectly right in preferring faithfulness to elegance, if the union of both was really incompatible.

* Refut. p. 496. CHRYSOST. opera, vol. viii. p. 407.


Quotations produced by the Bishop which militate against his own avowed principles.

§ 1. Quotations concerning the source of Christian Graces, from IGNATIUS and CLEMENT of Rome. § 2. On the divine source of our virtue, from ORIGEN and CYRIL of Jerusalem. § 3. The same, from GREGORY of Nazianzum. 4. That nobody can begin any thing that is good without the Lord, from AMBROSE. 5. That man can do no good work without God, from JEROME. § 6, 7. That God is the efficient cause of works and graces, from AUGUS


§ 8. On Baptism, from JUSTIN MARTYR. § 9, On Regeneration, from IRENEUS.

10, 11. On Predestination to Life, from CLEMENT of Alexandria. § 13. Remarks on a passage

12. On the same, from JEROME,

in JEROME about God willing us to will.

§14. On Perseverance, from AMBROSE; and § 15. From AUGUSTINE. § 16, 17. On Co-operation, from AUGUSTINE; and 18. From CHRY19. On human weakness, from CHRYSOSTOM.


§ 1. I SHALL begin with those quotations which relate to the source of Christian graces, including faith. The reader will recollect what are the Bishop's avowed sentiments concerning faith, as produced in a former part of this volume. * The following quotation is from IGNATIUS, a contemporary of the apostles: ""Of all which, nothing is hidden from you, 'if you have faith perfectly towards Jesus 'Christ, and charity, which are the beginning

* Chap. 11. Sect. iii.

and end of life. Faith is the beginning, charity 'the end. These two formed into one, are of "God. But all other things which relate to a 'holy life are consequences of these things.The tree is made manifest by its fruit: so 'those who profess themselves Christians shall be discerned by their actions." Thus also CLEMENT of Rome, a contemporary of the apostles': "For what was our father Abraham blessed? Was it not because through faith 'he wrought righteousness and truth? Isaac, knowing with confidence what was to come, 'cheerfully submitted to be a sacrifice. Jacob, 'with humility, departed out of his own 'country, flying from his brother, and went to Laban, and served him, and the sceptre of the 'twelve tribes of Israel was given to him.They were therefore all glorified and magnified, not for their own sake, or for their works, the righteousness which they had wrought, but through his will. -What then shall we do, 'brethren? Shall we cease from good works, and lay aside charity? God forbid that this 'should take place in us; but let us hasten 'with cheerfulness and alacrity to perform every good work." '|| Here, these apostolic


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* τα δε δυο εν ενοτητι γεννομνα θεου εςιν

+ Refut. p. 287. COTELER. Vol. ii. p. 15.
Η ου δι' αυτων-αλλα δια του θεληματος αυτου.
Refut. p. 289.

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