Yahweh and the Sun: Biblical and Archaeological Evidence for Sun Worship in Ancient Israel
A&C Black, 1 nov. 1993 - 322 pages
This challenging provocative book argues that there was in ancient Israel a considerable degree of overlap between the worship of the sun and of Yahweh-even that Yahweh was worshipped as the sun in some contexts. As an object created not by humankind but by God himself, the sun as an object of veneration lay outside the bounds of the second commandment and was considered by many to be an appropriate 'icon' of Yahweh of Hosts. Through its ivestigation of 'solar Yahwism', this book offers fresh insight into several passages (e.g.Genesis 1;32.23-33; Joshua 10.12-14; 1 Kings 8.12; Ezekiel 8.16-18; Psalms 19;104) and archaeological data regarding the orientations of Yawistic temples, the "lmlk" jar handles ,horse figurines, and the Taanach cult stand. The book argues that the struggle between Yahweh and other deities in ancint Israel took place within the context of the development of Yahwism itself.
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Aharoni Ahaz aligned altar of burnt ancient Israel angle archaeological Asherah associated attested Baal Beer-sheba Beth-shemesh biblical century BCE chariots Chron context cultic deity Deut Deuteronomistic discussion Edfu Egyptian equinox evidence example Excavations Ezek Ezekiel Feast of Booths four-winged Gibeon Gibeonite glory Hazor Hebrew Hezekiah horse figurines Horus Horus of Edfu Host of Heaven idem imagery Imlk interpretation Isaiah Israel Antiquities Authority Israelite jar handles Jerusalem Judaean Judah Kings Lachish light Lord Manasseh moon Moreover Morgenstern Mount of Olives nonetheless noted notion orientation parallel passage perhaps possible presence Psalm reference relevant righteousness rite royal emblem scarab šemeš shine solar deity solar elements solar understanding solar Yahwism Solomon Stähli suggests sun cult sun worship symbol Taanach Taanach cult stand temple theophanies tier tradition understanding of Yahweh winged sun Yadin Yahweh as sun Yahweh of Hosts Yahwistic yhwh Zadokite