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presented are confined to population statistics. The author announces that he has in preparation "Part II, Statistics and Economics," which will cover the statistics of commerce, trade, finance, and economic social life generally. These works are based, of course, on the results of the censuses of 1890 and 1891 in the United States, Great Britain, and Continental Europe. The material is arranged formally under the heads, "Sociological Purpose," "Statistical Data," "Scientific Tests," and "Reflective Analysis." Under the first and last of these heads will be found discussions of interest to the general reader; under the second, the tabulated figures, and under the third, a critical exposition of methods such as the special student would particularly desire. Thus the work is far more interesting than the census volumes themselves, and at the same time it serves many of the purposes of the ordinary statistical manual; these latter are furthered, it should be added, by the excellent topical index with which the book is provided.

Report of the Tenement House Committee as Authorized by Chapter 479 of the Laws of 1894. Transmitted to the Legislature January 17, 1895. Octavo, pp. 649. Albany: James B. Lyon, State Printer.

At last there has made its appearance in permanent and
satisfactory shape, from the press of the State Printer of
New York, the report of the Tenement House Committee
which under the chairmanship of Mr. Richard Watson Gilder
last year undertook an elaborate investigation of the housing
conditions of the working people in the city of New York.
This volume forms a very important permanent addition to
the literature of a question which has come to be recognized
as of primary social importance. To have prepared this vol-
ume would have been an exceedingly creditable outcome of
But a much more
the labors of Mr. Gilder's committee.
gratifying outcome has been the enactment into law, by the
State Legislature of last winter, of many of the committee's
most important recommendations-thus anticipating the
complete publication of the report. When Mr. Gilder, Dr.
Edson, Mr. Roger Foster, Mr. George B. Post, and Messrs.
Moses, Schuchman and Washington, who constituted the
committee,-together with Mr. Edward Marshall, the ener-
getic and accomplished secretary,-look through the pages
of this volume they may reflect with satisfaction that build-
ers all over the great city of New York are proceeding with
construction under new and improved rules; that school-
houses henceforth are likely to have playgrounds; that
public baths of the kind recommended by the committee are
now a part of the accepted policy of New York City; that
small parks are beginning to appear where the committee
thought they should be placed; that the clearing of Mulberry
Bend has been accomplished; that the policy of extending
smooth asphalt pavements through the crowded tenement-
house districts is making rapid progress; that street clean-
ing and garbage removal in the tenement-house districts are
now being accomplished with as much thoroughness as in the
crowded parts of any European city;-in short that the
whole policy of an improved physical environment for old
and young in the densely settled districts of New York City,
which the committee recommended with such a convincing
array of facts and statistics, has become the avowed policy
of the municipal government, and is approved by an over-
whelming majority of the people of New York regardless of
party or social conditions. It was a critical moment when
this investigation was undertaken, and happy results have
followed. The volume before us is enriched with a great
number of photographic illustrations showing conditions in
the tenement-house districts, and also with many very valu-
able charts and maps.

The Housing of the Working People. Prepared under
the direction of Carroll D. Wright, Commissioner of
Labor, by E. R. L. Gould, Ph.D. Octavo, pp. 461.
Washington: Government Printing Office.

This volume embodies a most elaborate collection of information regarding the tenement-house question and the condition of the poorer classes of working-people as to lodging and overcrowding. Professor Gould's investigations for

the Department of Labor have been frequently brought to
the attention of the readers of the REVIEW OF REVIEWS.
Colonel Wright, Commissioner of Labor, was wise in en-
trusting to Dr. Gould the study of this extremely important
problem. Dr. Gould's investigations have had to do with
most of the important cities of Europe and with the leading
American cities. Social and sanitary reformers will find this.
volume a mine of useful information. Professor Gould, who
is a Ph.D. of Johns Hopkins University and who has for sev-
eral years been a lecturer in that institution as well as an
expert employee of the Department of Labor at Washington,
has now been appointed to a professorship of statistics in the
University of Chicago, and will spend a considerable portion.
of each year in the Western metropolis.
Essays in Taxation. By Edwin R. A. Seligman Octavo,
pp. 444. New York: Macmillan & Co. $3.

From every point of view the production of this volume,
the result of many years of research, must be regarded as
most fortunate and timely. The essays not only set forth
clearly and methodically the philosophy of modern tax-
of information about.
ation, but they embody a mass
actual conditions which is remarkable for both its range
and its minuteness. State tax commissions and legisla-
tive committees of the future cannot do wiser thing than
to adopt Professor Seligman's book as a guide in their investi-
gations. Furthermore, the chapters on special phases of the
subject, such as the "single tax," the inheritance tax, the tax-
ation of corporations, and double taxation, contain invaluable.
expositions, by an expert authority, of problems of the day
in which all citizens have a vital concern, and for the solution.
of which all possible light should be sought.

Municipal Government in Continental Europe. By Albert.

Shaw. 12mo, pp. 514. New York: The Century
Company. $2.

This book is a companion of Mr. Shaw's "Municipali Government in Great Britain," which appeared early in the present year. The new volume begins with a very elaborate account of the municipal life of Paris, this part of the book alone occupying 145 pages. An immense variety of carefully digested information is embodied in this study of the modern remaking and the elaborate public services of the city which Mr. Shaw regards as the world's great typical municipality. There follows a chapter upon the working of municipal government in general throughout France; with many facts about Marseilles, Lyons and the other provincial towns. Next an account is given of municipal government in Belgium, with notes upon Brussels, Antwerp and Liege. The Dutch system is briefly discussed, and also that of Spain. Then follows a chapter upon the recent progress of Italian cities, and this is devoted largely to recent sanitary reforms all the way from Milan to Rome, Naples and Palermo. The government of German cities comes in for a large amount. of space, and in this department, as well as in other portions. of the book, such practical questions as water supplies, street. railways, drainage systems, and many other details of municipal government are discussed. The book ends with two well rounded chapters, entitled "The Transformation of Vienna" and "Budapest: the Rise of a New Metropolis." The New York Sun of November 17 concludes a fourcolumn review of this book with the following remarks: "It. is at once a pleasure and a duty to say that no city or town library in the United States can dispense with copies of this. volume, and that no student of municipal institutions can afford to overlook it. For it there is no substitute in English. and, so far as we know, there is none in any other language."

HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY. John Sherman's Recollections of Forty Years in the House, Senate and Cabinet. An Autobiography. Two vols., pp. 1274. Chicago: The Werner Company. In the body of this number of the REVIEW OF REVIEWS our readers will find an elaborate review, from the very competent pen of President E. Benjamin Andrews, of Senator

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of these memoirs. There is a noble simplicity and directness in the style employed by Grant in writing his recollections, and it may truly be said that this literary achievement has added materially to his just fame. After some preliminary account of his boyhood and his West Point career, General Grant gives an account of his participation in the Mexican war, and of his adventures and experiences in the period after the conclusion of the struggle with Mexico up to the outbreak of the Civil War. The greater part, however, of the first volume and the whole of the second are devoted to the great struggle for the preservation of the Union. This new edition has been very carefully edited under the supervision of Colonel Frederick D. Grant, and is supplied with new annotations which enhance its value for reference purposes. It has also a number of carefully executed portraits. The printing and binding is in the best style of the De Vinne Press and these two volumes will go admirably with the two fine volumes in which the Century Company has given us the speeches and writings of Abraham Lincoln. Nothing can ever make either of these sets obsolete.

Reconstruction During the Civil War in the United States of America. By Eben Greenough Scott. Octavo, pp. 432. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Co. $2.

An elaborate constitutional study dealing with the relations of states to the general government before, during and after the Civil War has been published by Eben Greenough Scott. The title, "Reconstruction during the Civil War," is hardly satisfactory. More than half the book is concerned with ante-bellum history, which, however, is germane to the general theory of the reconstruction measures, but these latter came after and not "during" the Civil War. The author discusses their merits with candor and ability. Turning on the Light. A Dispassionate Survey of Presi dent Buchanan's Administration from 1860 to its Close. By Horatio King. Octavo, pp. 419. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co. $5.

In his volume entitled "Turning on the Light," the venerable Horatio King, ex-Postmaster-General of the United States, presents new material relative to the closing months of the Buchanan administration, 1860-61, and events following the outbreak of the Civil War. Correspondence of President Buchanan, General Holt, General Dix, and other prominent men of that time is now first published by Mr. King, with his personal comment.

Abraham Lincoln's Speeches. tenden. 16mo, pp. 377. & Co. $1.25.

Compiled by L. E. ChitNew York: Dodd, Mead

Mr. Chittenden's chief aim in making this little compilation of Lincoln's speeches seems to have been to trace the gradual development of Lincoln's views on the slavery question. This purpose the book fulfills admirably; the compiler's notes are interesting and instructive, and add to the value of this excellent epitome of Lincoln's statesmanship. Westminster. By Sir Walter Besant, M.A. Octavo, pp. 410. New York: Frederick A. Stokes Co $3. Those American tourists who delight in detailed studies of old English towns and town life cannot fail to find much to interest them in Sir Walter Besant's recent books. His "London" has already become a vade mecum to many. The same spirit of research and devotion to historicaldetails has gone into the volume on Westminster, the greater part of which first appeared in the Pall Mall Magazine. The illustrations (averaging one to every three pages of text), by William Paten and others, are very largely historical also.

Two Years on the Alabama. By Arthur Sinclair, Lieutenant C. S. N. Octavo, pp. 350. Boston: Lee & Shepard. $3.

It is exceedingly well worth while that this book should have been written. The career of the cruiser Alabama was altogether unique in the annals of naval warfare. It forms the central fact in the recent history of the American merchant marine, and has played a rôle of enormous importance

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withal. This book is destined to have a place in the permanent literature of adventures by sea. It is a valuable, though a minor, contribution to history, and above all things, it is a boon to the intelligent American boy. Captain Semmes has furnished the world with a strictly technical and therefore a limited and reserved account of the doings of the Alabama but we have here a picturesque and gossipy story which Lieut. Sinclair has been at pains to verify by the fullest consultation with other survivors of the Alabama's crew. The Life and Times of John Kettlewell. Edited, with introduction, by T. T. Carter, M.A. 12mo, pp. 273. New York: Longmans, Green & Co. $1.75.

While nominally a biographical sketch, this memoir forms a contribution to ecclesiastical history, and from that capacity derives its importance. It covers that transition period in the life of the English Church extending from the Restoration to the Revolution of 1688. Those members of the clergy who refused at this time to accept the Oath of Allegi ance and the change in the prayers for the royal family of England in accordance with parliamentary decree, were known as Nonjurors. Eight bishops in England, all the Scotch bishops, and some seven hundred curates resigned their livings, and were followed by many of the laity. John Kettlewell was one of these Nonjurors, and his life is the thread on which are strung the incidents which make up the story of the whole movement as told in this book. Chronicles of Uganda. By the Rev. R. P. Ashe, M.A. 12mo, pp. 494. New York: A. D. F. Randolph & Co. $2.

Undoubtedly there is a market in England for all the books that throw any light upon the latest phases of African life, exploration, or development. Since English money by hundreds of millions of dollars has been pouring into the purchase of shares of all kinds of African enterprises, there must be a sure market for African books. There is already a long list of new works on Uganda, but this volume by the Rev. Mr. Ashe, written from the point of view of the Church Missionary Society's (English) mission in Uganda, reviews in a

very useful and satisfactory way the whole story of the events which led to the acquisition of that region as a British protectorate. It is a readable volume and well indexed.

The Diary of Samuel Pepys, M.A., F.R.S. Edited by Henry B. Wheatley, F S.A. Vol. VI. 12mo, pp. 385. New York: Macmillan & Co. $1.50.

The sixth volume in this excellent new edition of Pepys covers portions of the years 1666 and 1667. The illustrations of this volume are, a portrait of Samuel Pepys, from an ivory medallion by D. Le Marchand in the British Museum; a portrait of the Countess of Castlemaine, from a painting by Sir Peter Lely in the possession of Viscount Dillon, and John Evelyn's plan of the Dutch fleet in the Medway, June, 1667. Letters of Edward Fitzgerald to Fanny Kemble, 1871-1883. Edited by William Aldis Wright. 12mo, pp. 269. New York: Macmillan & Co. $1.50. In this bundle of letters the individuality of the writer stands out in bold relief, while characteristic criticisms of contemporaries-especially of actors and authors-abound, and references to passing events in the literary and artistic worlds during the period covered (1871-83) are numerous and interesting.

The Journal of Countess Françoise Krasinska, GreatGrandmother of Victor Emmanuel. Translated from the Polish by Kasimir Dziekonska. 16mo, pp. 182. Chicago: A. C. McClurg & Co. $1.25.

The story of the woes of the Polish great-grandmother of King Victor Emmanuel. It is some consolation to the reader of the young woman's journal to learn from an addendum furnished by the editor that her later years were happier, and that she died in Saxony, redeemed from the humiliating experiences of her youth in Poland.

The Private Life of Warren Hastings, First GovernorGeneral of India. By Sir Charles Lawson. Octavo, pp. 254. New York: Macmillan & Co. $3.50.

In biographical literature, one of the important contributions of the year is Sir Charles Lawson's "Private Life of Warren Hastings "-a book which is notable for the lavishness of its illustration, as well as for the subject matter of the text; there are three portraits of Hastings, one of which is from the painting by Sir Joshua Reynolds, and many reproductions of cartoons and other quaint prints of the period of his famous impeachment trial a century ago. The Emperor Napoleon III. By Pierre De Lano.

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lated by Helen Hunt Johnson. 12mo, pp. 383. New York: Dodd, Mead & Co. $1.25.

M. Pierre De Lano's study of Napoleon III has been translated into English by Helen Hunt Johnson, and forms the second volume in Dodd, Mead & Co.'s "Secret of an Empire" series, the first of which, "The Empress Eugenie," was published last year. M. De Lano probably states the case for Napoleon the Little" as strongly as history will warrant, but even he does not succeed in the attempt to make a hero of the last French Emperor. He does, however, invest the story of the times with some of the glitter of romance and his account of the downfall of the Second Empire is well worth reading.

Turning Points in Successful Careers. By William M. Thayer. 12mo, pp. 420. New York: T. Y. Crowell & Co. $1.50.

Mr. William M. Thayer, the writer of many successful books for young people, has just turned out a volume of biography built on a somewhat novel plan. He chooses fifty representative men and women of various callings in life, and selecting some pivotal incident in the life of each, groups his biographical data about this central event, or "turning point," in each case. The sketches are concise and pointed, and the author's purpose to hold up worthy ideals before his readers is fully achieved. The chapters devoted, respectively, to Mary Lyon, Maria Mitchell, Helen Hunt

Jackson, Harriet Hosmer, Lucy Larcom, and Lucretia Mott, should prove especially interesting and stimulating to girl readers, while for the boys the stock careers of American history, from the Revolution to the present day, are pretty thoroughly exploited.

The German Emperor William II. By Charles Lowe, M.A. 12 mo, pp. 274. New York: Frederick Warne & Co. $1.25.

The series of "Public Men of To-Day" is re-enforced by Mr. Lowe's sketch of the reigning German Emperor. The author fully recognizes the limitations under which an estimate of a living monarch must be made, and wisely prefers the descriptive to the critical method of presentation. His previous studies of Prince Bismarck's career have served to qualify him in a measure for his task of describing the Emperor's history and environment.

REFERENCE.

A Standard Dictionary of the Euglish Language upon Original Plans. Quarto, pp. 2318. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company. In one vol., $12, $14, $18; in two vols., $15, $17, $22.

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The Standard Dictionary" (the first volume of which was noticed at length in the REVIEW OF REVIEWS shortly after its appearance) has been almost universally praised by students and lexicographers the world over. Little remains to be added to our original estimate of the value of this work, except to say that the completion of the second and concluding volume has been achieved with no lowering of the standard set by the first. The pledges of the prospectus have been fully redeemed. Thousands of words are admitted for the first time in a general dictionary; the definitions have been prepared with extraordinary care; the illustrations are excellent, and all the general merits of a popular work of this kind seem to have been realized in a remarkable degree.

University of the State of New York. State Library Bulletin: Subject Index of Law Additions, 1883-1893. Octavo, pp. 305. Albany. Cloth, 70 cents; paper, 35 cents.

The excellent law index of the New York State Library issued in 1882 has been supplemented by an index of additions down to the close of 1893 prepared by the law librarian, Mr. S. B. Griswold. This supplement covers 12,000 volumes and 600 pamphlets, including the cream of recent legal literature, American and English. References to leading articles in 477 volumes of law periodicals are noted under their respective subjects. Reports of important trials are entered under the subjects which they especially illustrate. The index is thus of great value to the legal student for purposes of reference, and its usefulness is by no means restricted to those who are able to avail themselves of the State Library at Albany for consultation. It can often be utilized in any large private law library as well. This Bulletin contains a full list of the State Library's remarkable collection of the journals, debates and documents of American constitutional conventions-some 300 volumes in all-which can probably not be matched by any similar collection anywhere.

List of Books for Girls and Women, and Their Clubs. Edited by Augusta H. Leypoldt and George Iles. Quarto, pp. 161. Boston: The Library Bureau. $1.

One of the most useful functions of the American Library Association consists in the publication, from time to time, of readers' guides to the best literature. This "List of Books for Girls and Women" presents some twenty-one hundred works, chosen by recognized experts in the several departments of literature. For example, the books on fine arts were selected by Russell Sturgis, those on music by Henry E. Krehbiel, those on education by Prof. Edward R. Shaw, and so on. The association promises to issue readers' handbooks prepared by several of these specialists for their respective branches.

CONTENTS OF REVIEWS AND MAGAZINES.

LEADING ARTICLES IN THE DECEMBER MAGAZINES.

Atlantic Monthly.-Boston. December.

A New England Woodpile. Rowland E. Robinson.
The Starving Time in Old Virginia. John Fiske.
The Defeat of the Spanish Armada. W. F. Tilton.

Some Reminiscences of Eastern Europe. Harriet W. Preston.
An Idler in Missionary Ridge. Bradford Torrey.
Notes from a Traveling Diary. Lafcadio Hearne.
Being a Typewriter. Lucy C. Bull.

New Figures in Literature and Art.
Hamlin Garland.

The Bookman. New York. December.

Owen Wister. Nancy Huston Banks.
A Chat With Miss Ethel Reed.

The Early American Almanac. W. L. Andrews.
Shall and Will. Robert Barr.

A Visit to Drumtochty. Frederick C. Gordon.
The Question of the Laureate.

Living Critics.- II. Hamilton Wright Mabie.
Books and Culture.-X. Hamilton W. Mabie.

Cassier's Magazine.--New York. December.
Evolution of the Portable Engine. W. D. Wansbrough.
Electric Power in Collieries. L. B. Atkinson.
Development of the Ship Windlass. E. H. Whitney.
Power Consumption on Electric Railways. A. K. Baylor.
Thomas Newcomen and His Work. William Fletcher.
A Steady Platform at Sea. Beauchamp Tower.
Some American Vertical Boilers. Albert Spies.
False Economy in Foundry Equipment. H. Hansen.
Century Magazine.-New York. December.

The Passion-Play at Vorder-Thiersee. Annie S. Peck.
Life of Napoleon Bonaparte.-XIV. William M. Sloane.
Appeals to Lincoln's Clemency. Leslie J. Perry.

Humperdinck's "Hänsel und Gretel." Bernhard Stavenhagen.

"Music, Heavenly Maid." T. T. Munger.

Tissot's Life of Christ." Edith Coues.

One Way Out. Jacob A. Riis.

Glamour. Edith M. Thomas.

The Chautauquan. -Meadville, Pa. December.

Iceland and Its People. Ruth Shaffner.

The Constitution of the United States.-II. J. W. Burgess.
Intellectual Life of the American People. C. F. Thwing.
Pensions in Legislation. F. W. Blackmar.
New England Customs. Eliza N. Blair.

Student Life at Oxford, England. Fred. Grundy.
Pasteur and His Life Work. Felix L. Oswald.

The Cosmopolitan.-Irvington, N. Y. December.

A Christmas Legend of King Arthur's Country. A. Warren,
J. L. Williams.

Actresses who have become Peeresses. A. C. Wheeler.
Game Fishing in the Pacific. Charles F. Holder.
Dreams in Woven Thread. Mary S. Lockwood.

Engineering Magazine. New York. December.

First Principles in "Money and Banking." Horace White. Side Lights on the South African Gold Boom. Albert Williams, Jr.

Distribution of Electric Power at Niagara. F. L. Pope.
The Education of Mechanical Engineers.
Investigation of Public Water Supplies. Floyd Davis.
The Great Modern Transatlantic Steamers. S. W. Stanton
Cost of Modern Railroad Construction. J. F. Wallace.
Schools and Schoolhouse Architecture. E. C. Gardner.
The Manufacture of Steam.

Godey's Magazine.-New York. December.

The General Federation of Women's Clubs. Mary C. Francis.
Holiday Decorations. Lee James.
Christmas-Day in a Japanese Go-Down. Mae Bramhall.

Harper's Magazine.-New York. November.

By Land and Sea. Howard Pyle.

On Snow-Shoes to the Barren Ground. Caspar W. Whitney. From the Hebrid Isles. Fiona Macleod.

The German Struggle for Liberty.-XX. Poultney Bigelow. The Paris of South America. R. H. Davis.

Personal Recollections of Joan of Arc.-IX. L. de Conte.

Lippincott's Magazine.-Philadelphia. December.

English Mediæval Life. Alvan F. Sanborn.
Gunning for Gobblers. William C. Elam.

Orchids. Lawrence Irwell.

Japanese Sword-Lore. Lyman H. Weeks.

Athletic Sports of Ancient Days. T. J. de la Hunt.
Meats. Calvin D. Wilson.

McClure's Magazine.-New York. December.

Abraham Lincoln.-II. Ida M. Tarbell.

Madonna and Child in Art. Will H. Low.

Chapters for a Life.-I. Elizabeth Stuart Phelps.

The True Story of “ Annie Laurie." Frank P. Humphrey. The Sun's Heat. Sir Robert Ball.

Hall Caine. Robert H. Sherard.

Through the Dardanelles. Cy Warman.

Munsey's Magazine.-New York. December.

The Heroes of the Icy North.

The Queen of the French Stage.

Japan's Fair Daughters.

New England Magazine.-Boston. December.

The Builder of the Old South Meeting House. A. E. Brown
In an Old Colonial Library. Frank Sewall.
New England in Michigan. E. P. Powell.

The Kindergarten for the Blind. Dinah Sturgis.
The Christmas Greens of America. Agnes C. Sage.
The Painter of "Yankee Doodle." James F. Ryder.
Passing of the Clerical Man of the World. R. Drail.
Songs and Ballads of the Revolution. Lydia B. Newcomb.

Scribner's Magazine.-New York. December.
Laurens Alma-Tadema, R.A. Cosmo Monkhouse.
Wild Beasts as they Live. Capt. C. J. Melliss.
Wood-Engravers, A. Lepère.

THE OTHER AMERICAN AND ENGLISH PERIODICALS.

(From the latest numbers received.)

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Indian Bibliographies. Richard R. Elliot.
Leo XIII and Historical Research. E. Soutif.
Education in Ancient Greece. C. G. Habermann.
Joseph de Maistre. T. L. L. Teeling.

The School Question in Manitoba. John S. Ewart.
The Outlook for Ireland. Byran J. Clinche.

American Magazine of Civics.-New York. November.
The Higher Mesurements of Character. W. B. Chisholm.
Reform and Reforms. Duane Mowry.
Washington's Valedictory. W. H. Phelps.
Remedies for Political Evils. Henry Herzberg.

A Return to the Basic Principles of Self-Government. L Elseffer.

A Lawyer's Obligation to the Public. Thomas M. Colley. Do Irish Americans Hate England. Thomas B. Grart. An Economic Failure. E. M. Burchard.

The Christian Citizen and the Municipality W. D. Maxon

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