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October 29.-For assaulting and murdering a white woman, a negro is burned and tortured to death by a mob on the public square of Tyler, Texas.

November 1.-Theodore Durrant is convicted at San Francisco of the murder of Blanche Lamont in Emmanuel Church in April last.

November 2.-H. H. Holmes is convicted at Philadelphia of the murder of Benjamin F. Pietzel.

November 7.-The five leaders in the massacre of missionaries near Kucheng, China, are publicly beheaded.

November 11.-" Bat" Shea, murderer of Robert Ross at the polls in Troy, N. Y., in 1894, is resentenced to die by electricity in Christmas week.

November 14.-The missions of the American Board in Harpoot, Armenia, are reported pillaged and burned by Kurds and Turkish soldiers; 500 people massacred.

November 16.-A negro is hanged by a mob in Frederick, Md., for assaulting a servant girl.


October 22.-A train falls through a platform and station wall, in Paris, to the street, killing a woman....The German warship Würtemberg goes aground in the Little Belt, between the Baltic Sea and the Cattegat, and is seriously damaged.... The American steamship City of Augustine is burned off Cape Hatteras, and is totally destroyed; officers and crew are saved.

October 24.-A hurricane tears away the roof of the cathedral at Lublin, Russian Poland, and several worshipers are crushed to death.

October 27.-The rotunda and public hall of the University of Virginia, at Charlottesville, Va., are burned, with two-thirds of the library and several valuable paintings.

October 31.-An earthquake shock is felt in the Mississippi Valley.

November 1.-An earthquake in Rome, Italy, slightly damages the dome of St. Peter's.

November 3.-The wreck of the Cincinnati express on the B. and O. R. R., near Wheeling, W. Va, causes the deaths of two passengers and injuries to 25 others.

November 5.-Two bank buildings and other valuable property are destroyed by fire in New York City.

November 6.-Forty people are killed in the wreck of the Journal building in Detroit, Mich., caused by a boiler explosion.

November 15.-The 48 men composing the crew of the British cruiser Edgar's steam launch are drowned near Nagasaki, Japan.

November 16.-A motor car is plunged through an open draw of the viaduct over the Cuyahoga River at Cleveland, Ohio, and 19 persons are killed.

November 19-A New York Central train is wrecked by boys, causing the loss of four lives.


October 21.-Sales of 810,000 bales of cotton are recorded on the exchange, and a decline of 60 points. October 22.-Anthracite coal companies agree on a scale of price 40 cents a ton higher than one year ago.

October 30.-A shrinkage of from $5 to $20 a share in local industrial securities, as a result of long-continued speculation, causes intense excitement on the Philadelphia Stock Exchange.

November 4.-The seven city gas companies of Brook

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October 28.-The faculty of the University of Virginia appoints a committee to secure funds with which to rebuild the rotunda of the main building destroyed by fire, and alumni in Washington and other cities take similar action.

November 2.-John D. Rockefeller informs the trustees of the University of Chicago that he will contribute for endowment, payable January 1, 1896, $1,000,000, and a further sum of $2,000,000 in amounts equal to the contributions of others received by the University up to January 1, 1900. These gifts raise his donations to the University to upward of $7,000,000.

November 5.-Dedication of the Carnegie Library, Music Hall, Art Gallery, and Museum of Pittsburgh (see REVIEW OF REVIEWS, October, 1895, page 429).

November 14.-Inauguration of George William Smith as president of Colgate University, Hamilton, N. Y. Principal address by President D. C. Gilman, of Johns Hopkins University.



October 21.-The National Conference of Unitarian and other Christian Churches opens in Washington, D. C.

October 22.-The General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church at Minneapolis concludes its labors and adjourns....The American Missionary Association meets in Detroit, Mich....Sixth Congress of Medicine opens at Rome, Italy.

October 23.-Demonstration in honor of President Cleveland at the Atlanta Exposition.... Celebration of the centenary of the Institute of France begins in Paris. October 30.-The young people's societies of the Lutheran churches of the United States meet at Pittsburgh and form the Luther League.

November 7.-Ambassador Bayard delivers the annual address at the meeting of the Edinburgh Philosophical Society.

November 12.-Baptist Congress at Providence, R. I. ....Celebration in honor of the 80th birthday of Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, the advocate of woman suffrage, in New York City.


October 24.-A train on the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Railway is run from Chicago to Buffalo, 510.1 miles, in 8 hours 1 minute and 7 seconds, or 63.6 miles an hour, including stops; exclusive of stops, the run is made at the average speed of more than 65 miles an hour.

October 28.-A. B. McDonell, of Rochester, N. Y., rides 100 miles on a bicycle in 4 hours 40 minutes and 9 seconds.

October 30.-Augustus McLeod rides a mile on a bicycle at Sarnia, Ont., in 1.332/5.

OTHER OCCURRENCES OF THE MONTH. October 21.-Snow falls in parts of New York State.... The Corbett-Fitzsimmons prize fight is declared off.. An experiment in towing Erie canal boats by trolley is partially successful.

October 23.-Documents from the Arctic explorer Jackson are opened in London.

October 25.-The trial of Jabez Spencer Balfour for Building Society frauds begins in London,

October 29.-Shortening of time-schedules of regular trains between Chicago and San Francisco.

October 31.-Rain breaks the drouth in the interior of the United States....The Duke of Cambridge issues his farewell address as Commander-in-Chief of the British Army.

November 2.-Princeton defeats Harvard at football by a score of 12 to 4.

November 6.-The Duke of Marlborough and Miss Consuelo Vanderbilt are married in New York City.

November 7.-Timothy Healy is removed from the executive committee of the Irish National League.

November 8.-Lord Dunraven publishes in the London Field charges against the management of the Defender in the recent cup contest.

November 11.-British troops are ordered to Africa to join the expedition against the King of Ashantee. November 15.-A daughter is born to the Czar of Russia.

November 17.-A bright comet is discovered at Lick Observatory, Cal., in the constellation of Virgo.

TO ATLANTA-THE NATIONAL THOROUGHFARE. UNCLE SAM (to his man Grover): Take good care of the house while I'm gone. I am going to Atlanta to see the great fair my boys have got up down there.

From Texas Siftings (New York).

November 18.-The New York Yacht Club appoints a committee to investigate the charges of the Earl of Dun



October 21.-Prof. Asahel Clark Kendrick, of Rochester University, 86.... Gen. Thomas G. Pitcher, U.S.A., retired....Ex-Congressman Miles E. Granger, of Connecticut, 78....Henry Reeve, the distinguished English writer, 82....Lieut.-Field Marshal Dunst von Adelsholm. Austrian army, retired, 72.... Father Hirst, the archæologist, 52....Richard Blagrove, the viola player.

October 22.-Ex-Governor Oliver Ames, of Massachusetts, 64....Ruggiero Boughi, the celebrated Italian philosopher, littérateur and politician, 67.... Daniel Owen, the Welsh writer....Schereef Mulai Mohammed, of Wazan. October 23.-John Henry De-la-Poer Beresford, fifth Marquis of Waterford, 51.... Antoine Gustav Droz, the French painter and author, 63.... Martin MacFarland, one of the early abolitionists, of Huntington, Ind., 76.... Rev. A. J. Potter, the "fighting preacher, of Texas."

October 24.-Ex-Senator Charles H. Van Wyck, of Nebraska, 71.... Capt. Stephen C. Whipple, U. S. A., retired....Lieut.-Governor Spencer Gordon Millard, of California, 39....Major E. A. Peple, of Richmond, Va.... Rev. George Blagden Safford, General Secretary of the Brooklyn Board of Charities, 63.

October 25.-Sir Charles Hallé, the noted pianist, 76.... Holbrook Cushman, Instructor of Physics in Columbia College, 38.... John B. Farnham, inventor of type-setting machine, 76.

October 26.-Robert Brown, distinguished British botanist, 53.... Mrs. James B. Eustis, wife of the United States Ambassador to France.... William Nesbit, one of the early colonizers of Liberia, 70.

October 27.-Commander Oscar Frederick Heyerman, U. S. N., 51....John A. Moroso, city editor of the Charleston News and Courier, 49.

October 28.-Major Israel B. Donaldson, a member of the Texas Legislature of 1835, 99....Commander William Augustus Morgan, U. S. N., retired, 59.... Prof. Hermann Hellriegel, 64.

October 29.-Henry Jones, long connected with the Atlanta Constitution, 52....Rev. Dr. William Channing Langdon, 64....James Barbour, of Culpepper, Va., 70.... Inspector-General Sir W. Mackenzie, 84.

October 30.-Sir James Brown Patterson, formerly Premier and Chief Secretary of the colony of Victoria.... Frederick Hubbard, a well-known civil engineer.

October 31.-Prof. Amos. Russell Thomas, Dean of Hahnemann Medical College, of Philadelphia, 69....Herr Neumann, an independent member of the German Reichstag.

November 1.-Cardinal Benito Sanz y Forez, Archbishop of Seville, 67....Charles Sutton Campbell, English Consul at West Salvador....Milton Dunnock Mott, of Milford, Pa., 42.

November 3.-Ex-mayor Jared M. Brush, of Pittsburgh, 82.

November 4.-Eugene Field, poet and journalist, 45.... M. Phillippe Athanasa Cucheval-Clarigny, member of the Institute of France, 74....Mrs. Rachel Canto, once a wellknown actress, 85....Mrs. Mary Anne Everett, née Wood, a well-known authoress, of London, 77.... Countess Marie, widow of the Earl of Caithness.

November 5.-Charles François Marie, Duc d'Harcourt, formerly a member of the French Chamber of Deputies, 60....Marquis de la Habana, at one time Captain-General of Cuba.... William Libbey, a well-known retired merchant and financier, of New York City, 75.

November 6.-Andrew D. Mellick, Jr., a well-known contributor to newspapers and periodicals, 51........Lieut.Colonel William Hamilton Harris....Mrs. D. P. Bowers, a well-known actress, 65.... Col. Robert W. Johnson, 65. ... Herr Lederer, once famous as a singer of Wagnerian opera.

November 7.-Rear-Admiral Robert Wilson Shufeldt, U.S. N., 73.

November 8.-Rev. Isaac H. Reiter, D.D., President of Heidelberg University at Tiffin, Ohio, 76....Dr. Robert Battey, of Georgia, 67....Col. Benjamin Wait, a Canadian revolutionist, 82.

November 10.-Prof. George Lawson, F.R.S., a wellknown scientist and writer, of Nova Scotia.

November 12.-John Burroughs Drake, a well-known Chicago hotel keeper, 69....Louis Henri Obin, formerly a well-known singer and Professor of Declamation.

November 13.-Rev. Thomas Treadwell Stone, the oldest living graduate of Bowdoin College, 95....Rev. Samuel Ashton Keen, a noted evangelist and author, 53. November 14.-Marquis Manfredi Lanza di Brolo, of Sicily, 50.

November 15.-J. B. da Silva Ferrao de Carvalho-Martens, Portuguese Ambassador to the Vatican....Eben D. Jordan, a well-known Boston merchant, 73.

November 16.-Rev. Dr. Samuel Francis Smith, author of "America," 87.

November 19.-Cardinal Lucien Bonaparte, 67.

November 20.-Rustem Pasha, Turkish Ambassador to Great Britain.

THE ELECTIONS OF NOVEMBER 5. Some thirteen general state elections were held on November 5, 1895, in all but two of which the Republicans were successful. There were, besides, a half-dozen important municipal contests, and several special elections to fill vacancies in Congress.

In Iowa the Republicans elected Gen. F. M. Drake Governor by more than 60,000 plurality; they also elected a Lieutenant-Governor, Superintendent of Public Instruction, Railroad Commissioner, Judge of the Supreme Court, and a large majority in each House of the Legislature, which is to choose a United States Senator.

In Kansas a Chief Justice of the Supreme Court (Rep.) was chosen.

Kentucky Republicans were successful in electing Col. W. O. Bradley to the Governorship by some 8,000 plurality, together with the full state ticket and a Judge of the Court of Appeals. Neither party obtained an unquestioned majority of the Legislature, which will choose a United States Senator to succeed Senator Blackburn (Dem.), but it is certain that a free-silver advocate would be outvoted by that body.

In Maryland, also, the Republicans succeeded in electing a Governor (Lloyd Lowndes) by 19,000 plurality, together with a Comptroller, an Attorney-General, and a majority in the Legislature, which will choose a successor to Senator Gibson (Dem.)

Massachusetts re-elected Gov. Greenhalge (Rep.) and a full state ticket, with an overwhelming majority of the Legislature. The proposition for municipal suffrage of women was defeated by 75,000.

Mississippi elected McLaurin (Dem.) Governor by the customary majority. The entire list of state officers, with the Legislature, which will choose a United States Senator this winter, are also Democratic.

In Nebraska a Justice of the Supreme Court and two Regents of the University had to be elected, and Republicans were chosen for these positions.

In New Jersey the Republicans elected John W. Griggs Governor by more than 25,000 plurality, and secured a majority in the Legislature on joint ballot.

New York did not vote on the Governorship, but the minor state officers (Rep.) who were installed two years ago were re-elected by 100,000 plurality. The Republicans also elected a Judge of the Court of Appeals; sixteen Judges of the Supreme Court were voted for, and of these the Republicans elected a very large majority. The constitutional amendment providing for $9,000,000 of canal bonds was carried.

Ohio Republicans elected Asa Bushnell Governor, with the rest of the state ticket, by 100,000 plurality, and secured a large majority in the Legislature which will choose a U. S. Senator to succeed Senator Brice (Dem.). In Pennsylvania the Republicans elected a state Treasurer and seven Superior Court Judges; plurality for Treasurer was over 170,000.

Utah chose her first state officers; H. M. Weils (Rep.) was elected by a small plurality. The proposition for statehood, with the constitution, was carried. The Republicans secured a majority of the Legislature, and will elect two United States Senators.

Virginia voted on members of the Legislature only. The Democrats obtained a majority.

The vacancy in the Tenth New York Congress district was filled by the election of a Democrat, those in the Eighteenth Illinois and Sixth Massachusetts by Republicans.

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REPUBLICAN PARTY: "All down; set 'em up on the other alley!"-From Judge (New York).

Of the municipal elections, those in Brooklyn, Detroit, Baltimore, Omaha, Albany, Syracuse, and Rochester were perhaps the most important. Republican mayors were elected in the first four cities, and Democratic in the others. The overturn in Baltimore was most remarkable. In Detroit Mayor Pingree (Rep.) is re-elected for a fourth term by an increased majority. In New York, the contest was over county offices, and the Tammany ticket was victorious by from 20,000 to 25,000; it was not strictly a municipal election. In Chicago, the proposition to adopt the Torrens system of transfer of land titles was submitted to the voters and carried by a majority of 75,000.



December 2.-Meeting of the Fifty-fourth Congress of the United States; organization; election of Speaker of the House of Representatives; appointment of committees.

The December 3.-Meeting of the German Reichstag. announcement has been made that after one week of legislative activity the Christmas recess will be taken. All important bills will be referred to committees, which will not report till after the Chamber resumes its sittings in January. The ministerial programme for the session includes, besides the budget, a revision of the workingmen's insurance laws, a bourse reform bill, and a revision of the commercial laws.

December 4.-Meeting of the Virginia Legislature, both houses of which are Democratic.


This body will assemble at Washington, D. C., the last week of December.


The Republican National Committee has been called to meet in Washington December 10. The most important business of this meeting will be the selection of the place for the assembling of the national nominating convention of 1896. Chicago, Pittsburgh and San Francisco are the chief claimants for this honor.


The annual meeting of the National Civil Service Reform League will be held in Washington December 12 and 13. The morning sessions will be devoted to business, and the afternoons to the reading of papers.


This association meets at Indianapolis Christmas week.

AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR. The fifteenth annual convention of the American Federation of Labor will be held in New York City, beginning December 9. Delegates of the British TradesUnion Congress will be present at the sessions. The eight-hour day will be the chief topic of the convention.

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the voter was somehow able to preserve his balance of mind, and on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November deposit at the polls an intelligent ballot. How this was accomplished only the individual voter himself can say positively. There were employed to this end, of course, the usual methods of political enlightenment,-rallies, speeches and the various other forms of political propaganda. And many voters no doubt found opportunity fully to avail themselves of the splendid newspaper reports which appeared from day to day. But, as already suggested, these numerous political demonstrations, and the very perfection of the metropolitan press service,the former by emphasizing factional differences, and the other by exhaustive accounts it gave of them,could not but have reacted to the bewilderment of the great majority of busy New Yorkers, who, not giving freely of their time to politics, get from their daily papers only as much of that article as they may absorb during the half hour or so of enforced leisure in transit between home and office.


HROUGHOUT the bewildering succession of shifts and turns which made up the recent political campaign in New York City, when men were known as 66 Goo Goos," "Garoos," "Gazoos." or what not, according to peculiar shades of belief or desire, and every thought and action of these strange creatures was reported through the newspaper press in confusing detail,-throughout the chaos of it all,

Especially adapted to this campaign, as if developed to meet its exigencies, was that comparatively new form of recording daily events, the cartoon; and if one may judge anything from the prominence given to them by the New York newspapers and the successful manner in which they


From the N. Y. World.



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