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TOPICAL INDEX.

in Borneo, in North and South
America, in Brazil, in South Sea
Islands, in Syria, among Malays,
43-58; in Persia, 370 f.
Blood-cancelling: tariffs for, 260 f.;
in Arabia, in Syria, 260-264; Bible
references to, 263; in Africa, 261,
264.
Blood covenant: a primitive Semitic
rite, 4; still observed in the East, 5;
description of, 5; in Syria, Aleppo,
Hâsbayya, Abayh, among Koords,
near Tyre and Sidon, 5-8; a perma-
nent bond, 6 f.; among Arabs, 12; in
Central Africa, 12-38; in Europe,
39, 40; in Borneo, 49-54; in Malay
Archipelago, 52 f.; in Yucatan, 54;
among American Indians, 54-56:
in Brazil, 55; references to, in the
classics, 58 65; in Scythia, 58 f.;
in Armenia, 59 f.; traces of, in Hin-
dostan, 67; traces of, in Egypt, 70,
75, 77-85, 99-105, 110 f.; traces of, in
China, 153 f., 364; in ancient Guate-
mala, 174; in the passover, 230-238;
at Sinai, 238-240; in the Mosaic
ritual, 240-263; in the Gospels, 271-
293; its application in Jesus Christ,
286-293; among Karens in Burmah,
313-316; among Shans, 316; traces
of, in Scotland, 318-320; in ancient
Germany, 320; in Australia, 335 f. ;
among Sclavic races, 366 f.; traces
of, in modern Germany, 366-368;
various modes of, combined in Per-
sia, 370 f.

Blood-drinking: in covenant, 5 f., 9, 18,

41, 44-48, 50 f., 53, 58 f, 60, 126,
161 f., 200, 267; in the classics,
113 f.; for life, in France, 124; by
Scythians,126,267; among fellâheen
in Palestine, 130; in the Nibelungen
Lied, 130; in Nubia, 131 f.; in Abys-
sinia, 132 f; among the Hallenga,
132; in Masâi Land, 135 f.; in
Himalayan districts, 141 f; in
marriage, 191-193; prohibited in
the Bible, 213 f., 240, 251; in Ab-
yssinia, 262 f.; among American
Indians, 304 f.; among Zuñis, 306;
in Burmah, 314; among Shans, 316;
in ancient Germany, 320; charged
against Jews and Christians, 321;
among Persians, 321, 365 f., 370;
in Australia, 336; in the New Heb-
rides, 371; between allies, in West-
ern Asia, 371.

Blood friendship, divine-human, 245.
See, also, Friendship.
Blood-giving is life-giving, 96, 149; on
Calvary, 285 f.

Blood-letting in love or sorrow, 85-89.
Blood-lickers: among Arabs, 11;

Mecca, 348.

at

377

Blood-money: in Arabia, Palestine,
Africa, 261 f.; among Bed'ween,
262; refusal to receive, 262 f.
Blood-ransoming in various places, 324-
326.
Blood-shedding in making covenants,
297. See, also, Human Sacrifice.
Blood-sprinkling: in China, 152 f.; in
Central America, 175; at Sinai,
239; upon altar, 243; rules observed
by the priest in, 246.
Blood-testifying, 143-147, 359 f.
Blood transfusion: as a means of life,
115-126, 242; in Germany, 125; in
New South Wales, 336 f.; in Per-
sia, 370.
Blood-union, hints of, 332-342.
Bloody Hand, 247, 304, 342.
Blood-yielding vicariously in Australia,
133.

Bloody sweat of Jesus, 279.
Bock, Carl: cited, 73, 129.

Body of substitute sacrifice represents
divine nature, 204.

Boechler: cited, 96.

Bonwick: cited, 126.

Book of the Dead, Egyptian : references
to the rite in, 78-83, 111; traces of
the rite in, 99-101; gleam of divine-
human inter-union in, 156; hints of
the rite in, 333.

Borneo friendship in, 49, 53; blood
brotherhood in, 52; wedding cere-
mony in, 73; head-hunting in, 129;
marriage customs among the
Dayaks in, 192; lessons of blood
in, 308 f.; cutting of covenant in,
322 f.

Bosom, blood from, in the rite, 45.
Boyle, Robert: his inquiries in this
field, 134.

Bracelet: a covenant symbol, 64-68;
or armlet, on Oriental kings, 75.
Brahmanic recognition of divine-human
inter-communion, 160.

Brazil, the rite in, 55; office of goel in,
325.

Bread and wine, covenant in, 281 f.
Bread: covenant of, temporary, 293;

blood or, 293.

Brébeuf, Jean de, martyrdom of, 127 f.
Brewer: cited, 7

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"Bridegroom: root meaning of word,
222 f.

Brinton, D. G.: cited, 112, 141.
British Columbia, customs among In
dian girls in, 307 f.

British Guiana, heart-eating in, 128
Brotherhood, Covenant of, 10.
Brothers of the Covenant, 6.
Bruce cited, 368.

Bruce, King Robert, heart of, 107 f.
Brugsch: cited, 79, 82 f., 110 Í.
Bruy cited, 125.

Bryant: cited, 114.

Bull, blood of, in consecrating priest of
Cybele, 362 f.

Bunsen: cited, 78, 80-83, 99-101, 236.
Burckhardt: cited, 132, 192, 223, 260.
Burder: cited, 362, 369.

Burial of blood: in the rite, 41 f., 243 f.;
in Mauritius, among Jews, among
Christians, among Muhammadans,
244.

Burmah: friendship in, 44; marriage
customs in, 193; the rite in, 313-316;
blood-drinking in, 314.

Burnt-offering: blood in connection
with, 213; whole, its symbolism,
248 f.

:

Burton cited, 55 f., 128, 218, 262, 304;
on cutting the cheek, 218; on bal-
ancing a blood account, 261 f.

Butler cited, 71.

Butter with blood, in covenanting, 338.
Buxtorf: cited, 219, 237.

CAFFRES. See Kaprs.

Cain: his blood-withholding, 219-221.
Cameron, Commander, makes blood
covenant in Africa, 15-18.
Cancelling of blood. See Blood-can-
celling.

Cannibalism: in Africa, 22; among

American Indians, 127 f., 187 f.;
basis of, 183-190; in ancient India,
185 f.; in Feejee Islands, 187; in
Central America, 189; in Orissa,
190; in Sumatra, 190; in the New
Hebrides, 371 f.

Caribs heart-eating among, 128; blood-
anointing among, 137 f.

Carlyle cited, 40.

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Ceylon, form of marriage in, 71.
Chaldean legend of creation, 112.
Chambers: cited, 367.
Chardin: cited, 71.

Cheek, blood from, in the rite, 13, 218.
Chest, stamping the, 218

Chica as substitute for blood, 197 f.
Children: sacred food for, among In-
dians, 181.

China: traces of the rite in, 43 f., 109,
364 f.; thought of blood as life-giv-
ing in, 123 f.; primitive worship
in, 148-152, horse sacrifice in, 152 f.;
sacrificing of cock in, 153; sacrifice
and feasting in, 181; wedding cere-
monies in, 197 f.; significance of

red thread in, 236; heart-eating in,
363 f.

Chinese character for "sacrifice," 357.
Christ life and nourishment in, 276;
union of life in, 342.

Christian and Jew in covenant, 7.
Christian Fathers, testimony of, 354 f.
Christians : use of covenant tokens
among, 238; charged with blood-
drinking, 321.

Chrysostom: condemns use of covenant
tokens, 238.

Cicero cited, 108 f.

Cigar-smoking in marriage ceremony
among Dayaks, 309.

Circassians, wedding customs among,

198.
Circumcision: blood covenant in, 79,
215-224; its estimate by rabbis,
221; its significance, 351 f.
Clark: cited, 180 f., 339.

Clasping of hands in blood, 234-236.
Classics light from the, 58-65; refer-
ence to blood-drinking in the, 113 f.
Clavigero cited, 90, 106.

Clement of Alexandria on life in sacra-
mental cup, 354.

Clement of Rome on red cord of Ra-
hab, 355.

Cobbett: cited, 145.
Cocceius: cited, 264.

Cock: sacrifice of, in China, 153; blood
of, at wedding in Scotland, 199 f.
Coffee: a substitute for blood, 192; in the

rite, in Persia, 370 f.

Common life through common blood, 7,
10, 54-57, 60, 75, 77 f., 147-190.
Communion: feasts in India, 161 f.;

sacrifices in ancient Egypt, 171 f.
Constantine, the emperor, legend of, 117.
Copts: traces of the rite among, 72;
marriage customs among, 192.
Corner, Lieut.: cited, 56 f.
Coronation ring, in Great Britain, and
in ancient times, 74.

Cory: cited, 109, 112, 174.
Covenant: tokens of, found in cata-

combs, 238; meaning of the word,
264; of Abram, Mamre, and others
at Hebron, 264 f.; at Beer-sheba,
264 f.; between individuals, first
Bible reference to, 264 f.; at Well of
the Seven, 267 f.; oath of, in Su-
matra, 268 f.; of blood, the true,
280 f.; of bread, and of blood, dis-
tinct, 293; the eternal, 293; cutting
in, 322 f. reminder of, 326-332;
among Feejees, 338 f.; among Paw-
nees, 339 f.

Covenant token. See Tokens of Cove-
nant.

Cow sacrifices in India, 157.

Cox and Jones: cited, 121 f., 130, 140,

144.

TOPICAL INDEX.

Cudworth on Old Testament sacri-
fices, 352; cited, 353, 358, 359 f.
Cumming cited, 152.
Cup of communion, 281.
Curtius: cited, 64.

Cushing: cited, 305 f., 308.
Cutting the flesh, a survival of the

rite, 85-96; the cheek in covenant-
ing, in Mekkeh, 218; a covenant,
265, 267, 322 f.; in hand, meaning
of, 341 f.

Cybele, consecration of priest of, 362 f.

DAKOTA Indians: the rite among, 55;
sacredness of heart among, 105;
cannibalism among, 128.
Damascus, the rite in, 8.

David and Jonathan: their covenant,
269 f.

David's favor to Mephibosheth, 271.
Dayaks, the rite among, 49 f. See, also,
Borneo.

Dead, blood-drinking by, 114 f.
Death of victim, a means toward an
end, 246; atonement not made by,
287 f.

De Bergmann: cited, 110 f.
Delitzsch, Friedrich: cited, 65.
Denmark, blood-testifying in, 144 f.
Devil-worshipers in Peru, 115.,
De Wette: cited, 40.
Diodorus cited, 170.

Discerning the divine presence essen-
tial in Hindoo sacrament, 164.
Divine-human: inter-union by blood,

148-190; inter-communion in Egypt,
173; blood friendship, 245.

Divine nature represented in substitute
blood, 203 f.

Divorce-ring in Borneo, 330.
Dodge, Col., on Indian brotherhoods,

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379

Dubois: cited, 77, 155, 158, 161 f., 174,
185, 196, 218.

EARS blood from, in the rite, 90 f.,
174 f.

Earth, outpoured blood buried in the,
180. See, also, Burial of Blood.
Eating of blood prohibited, 102 f., 240
f.; the sacrament a duty, among In-
dians, 181; and drinking together
in covenant, 240, 267-271 f.; on wit-
ness-heap, 268 f.; as mode of cove-
nanting, 313; together indicates
union, 350; blood, effect of, 357.
Ebers: cited, 40, 79, 84, 100 f., 170 f.
Edersheim on sacrifices of the Mosaic
ritual, 246-251.

Edible animals alone used for sacrifice,
181.

Edkins cited, 109, 148-151, 181 f., 220.
Edwards: cited, 138.

Egypt: traces of the rite in, 70, 75, 77-

85, 99-105, 110 f.; ancient, sacra-
ment of communion in, 170; waters
of, turned to blood, 231; ancient, red
amulet in, 233; heart for life in,
301 f.; ancient, hints of the rite in,
333.
Egyptian: word for "red" and
blood," 236; sacrifice, resem-
blance to that of the Jews, 300;
kings, their claims of union with
gods, 356.

El-A'asha: cited, 11.

Elbows, blood from, 175.

Elephant sacrifices in India, 161.

Elliott and Roberts: cited, 67.

Ellis cited, 44, 48 f., 87 f., 337 f, 346 f.
England, blood-testifying in, 146 f.
Esarhaddon, inscription of, 168.
Eschwege: cited, 325.

Eshcol, Mamre, and Aner: their cove-
nant, 264 f.

Ethnic reachings after union with
God, 356-359.

Evolution or deterioration, 4; of sub-

stitute sacrifice in India, 157.
Exceptions to points in first edition, 345.
Exchange of gifts, 14, 16, 20-22, 25-

28, 32; of garments, 14, 270; of
arms, 270; of wampum belts, 327 f.;
of names, 334.

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Fatrida: its supposed meaning in
Malagasy, 346.

"Faust," covenant with blood in, 95.
Feasting in covenanting, 148-153, 159-

161, 167, 179 f; the accompaniment
of the rite, 264, 370 f. See, also,
Eating.

Feathers, red: their significance, 328 f.
Feejee Islands: cannibalism in, 187;
marriage customs in, 193; the rite
in, 338 f.

Feet bound with red cord in China,
197.

Fellaheen customs in Palestine, 129 f.
"Ferire:" meaning of the word, 267.
Ferriol: cited, 85.

Festival of Isis at Busiris, sacrifices at,

171.

Festus, Sextus Pompeius: cited, 63 f.
Fielde: cited, 120, 124.

Fiery Cross its significance in Arabia,
317 f.; in Scotland, 317-320.
Fingers: blood from, in the rite, 59, 96;
relation of, to heart, 71 f.
Finn, Mrs. cited, 129 f.; on balancing
a blood account, 260-262.
Fire, a gift of the gods, 174.
Firmicus on life in sacramental cup, 355.
First-born son given in sacrifice, 150 f.,
156, 166 f. See, also, Human Sacri-
fice.

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Food: restrictions on, removed in com-

munion, 160-164, 168-170; of the
soul, in Central America, 176; for
man, food for gods, 181 f.; shared,
gives common nourishment, 182 f.
Forbes cited, 54; on covenant oath in
Sumatra, 268 f.

Forehead: blood from, in the rite, 13, 90,

320; blood mark on child's, 232;
cutting of, among Germans, 367.
Fowl: sacrifice of, among Dayaks,
308 f.; sacrificed at marriage cere-
mony among Dayaks, 309; used
in the rite in Borneo, 323.
France, blood-drinking in, 124.
Frere: cited, 77, 109.
Freytag: cited, 8, 11, 64, 220, 223.
Friedländer: cited, 351 f., 357.
Friendship: shown in the rite, in

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Syria, 4-10; through the rite, 7, 58,
63, 243; shown in sucking blood, 8
among Arabs, 9-12; in Africa, 12-
38; in Europe, 39-42; among North
American Indians, 43, 54, 56; in
Burmah, 44; in Borneo, 49, 53;
among the Malays, 54; in Central
America, 54 f.; in Brazil, 55; in
Polynesia, 56 f.; in Scythia, 58;

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at, 268.

Ginsburg: cited, 225.

Girdle, under the, blood from, 174-176.
Giving blood: in proof of love, 85-92;

in worship, 89-93, 96.

Gleanings from general field, 362-369.
Goat substituted for sheep in sacrifice,
157; sacrificed in lieu of a man in
India, 158.

God's gift of his Son, in proof of his
love, 272 f.

Godwyn: cited, 72, 200, 218.

Goel, office of, 259-263; in Brazil, 325;
in Australia, 325 f.
Goethe: cited, 95.

"Golden Legend," Longfellow's, prof-
fered blood in, 118 f.
Gomara: cited, 106.

Goths their customs in covenanting,
199.

Grandidier, a reference to, 346 f.

Grant: cited, 338.

Gray cited, 150, 152-154.

Great Britain, substitute blood in, 227.
Grecian history, mentions of the rite in,

58.

Greece, wedding customs in, 198.
Greek and Roman sacrifices, 108 f.
Greek libations, a survival of the rite

200.

Grimm: cited, 88 f., 120, 130.
Guatemala, legend of the rite in, 174.
Guiana, British, eating of heart in, 128.

H. A. L. cited, 136.

Hamburger, on meaning of atonement,

352.

TOPICAL INDEX.

Hand: blood from, in the rite, 9, 13,
41-43, 59, 62, 94, 265 f.; of con-
federates dipped in blood, 297;
meaning of cutting in, 341 f., 369.
See, also, Bloody Hand.
Hand-clasping: in blood, in the rite,

236; token of, 328; hint of the
rite in, 340-342; a survival of the
rite, 368 f.

Hand, Red. See Bloody Hand.
Handkerchiefs dipped in blood, 263.
Hands, striking. See Striking Hands.
Happer, on traces of the rite in China,
364 f.

Harmer: cited, 368.
Harper: cited, 64.
Harrison: cited, 359.
Hâsbayya, the rite in, 8.
Hatton cited, 52.

Head-hunting: in Borneo, significance
of, 129; in Abyssinia, 368.
Healths, drinking of, a survival of the
rite, 201 f.

Heap of witness in the rite, 45, 62.
Heart: blood from over, in the rite, 45:

relation of finger to, 72; the source
of blood, 72; source of life, 99-
105, 301 f.; sacredness of, among
Dakotas, 105; sacredness of, in Cen-
tral and outh America, 105 f.;
hero's, preserved, 107 f.; deemed
sacred by Greeks and Romans,
108 f.; as life centre, 126, 204;
of lower animals eaten, 134-136,
180; symbol of personality, 204;
sacredness of, among ancient
Egyptians, 300 f.; sacredness of,
in primitive America, 301 f.; rela-
tion of milk and, 301 f.; symbolized
by scarabæus, 301 f.; significa-
tion of the word, 302; new, is new
life, 303; conception of, among
Zuñis, 305-308; significance of, 306 f.
Heart-eating as means of life, 128;

among Caribs, 128; among Ashan-

tees, 129; in Borneo, 129; in
Australia, 129; in Africa, 129, 135 f.;
among Araucanians, 131; in the
Norseland, 140; at sacred feasts,
by Indians, 180.
Heber: cited, 158 f.
Hefele: cited, 354.
Herodotus: cited, 61 f., 126, 171 f,

348 f, 366; on witness of covenant,
265 f; on blood-drinking among
Scythians, 267; on anointing stones
with blood, 268.

Herrera: cited, 90, 107, 176-178.
Herzog: cited, 260.
Hesiod: cited, 112.

Himalayan districts, blood-drinking in,
141 f.

Hindostan traces of the rite in, 67;
blood-anointing in, 136 f.

Holcombe cited, 197.
Holmes: cited, 326 f.

381

Homer: cited, 108, 112, 297.
Hoomâyoon, the Great Mogul, as a
friend, 67.

Horneman: cited, 354.

Horse: sacrifice of, in China, 152 f.;
substituted for man in sacrifice, 157.
House of the amulet, 7, 65.
Human-divine inter communion

Peru, 176 f.

in

Human sacrifices: of first-born son, 156;
in India, 157; in ancient Egypt,
170 f.; in ancient Guatemala, 174;
in India in former days, 185 f.;
among Akkadians, 299 f.; among
Sakarang Dayaks, 308.

Hungary superstitions in, 115; traces
of the rite in, 366.

Hunter: cited, 163 f.

Huron Indians, cannibalism among,
127 f., 188.

"Hynd Horn," covenant ring in ballad
of, 331 f.

IBN Hishâm: cited, 11.

Iceland, traces of the rite in, 70.
Idols, anointing of, with blood, 176 f.,
306-308. See, also, Blood-anoint-

ing.

Ignatius, on life in sacramental cup, 354.
Importance of this study to all, 205 f.
Incest in bounds of the rite, 10, 55-57.
India: traces of the rite in, 66 f., 92, 109,

333; necklace-bond of the covenant
in, 76 f.; value of proffered blood
in, 122 f.; blood-drinking in, 141 f.;
divine-human inter-communion by
blood in, 155; wedding ceremonies
in, 194; form of adoption in, 194-
196; substitute blood in, 227;
heart for life in, 301 f.

Indian girls in British Columbia: cus-
toms among, 307 f.

Indians, American: cannibalism among,
187f; the rite among, 339 f.
Indissolubleness of the rite, 6.

Initiation into new life in British Co-
lumbia, 307 f.

Inspiration through blood, 114, 139-147.
Inter-communion: divine-huinan, by

blood, 155; with the gods, by par-
taking of flesh and blood, 371.
Inter-union of the divine and human
through blood, 147-190; of sinner
and God symbolized, 247.
Invoking God to witness the rite, 370 f.
Involvings of the rite, 202-206.
Ireland: traces of the rite in, 71; cove-

nanting customs in, 199; use of
thumb-ring in marriage in, 331.
Irenæus: his condemnation of covenant
tokens, 238; on the symbolism of
scarlet thread, 355.

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