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shortly after Midsummer, that the assistance of an usher should be procured. At that time the school was paying its own expenses. Mr. Andrews' and Mr. Cheney's schools have been visited in the usual manner, and the Board have great pleasure in testifying to the ability with which they are conducted. Mr. Hopwood, who assisted at the Midsummer examination, expressed himself particularly gratified at the amount of information and intelligence displayed in the one first named. The school lately kept by Miss Bygate is now conducted by Mrs. and Miss Beaufoy. It still continues in union with the Board, and may be confidently recommended as imparting a very superior education. Miss Hewitt, residing in Long Wall, Oxford, has recently placed her school in union with the Board.

The Parochial Schools in union with the Board have, with few unavoidable exceptions, been inspected by the Rev. Henry Hopwood, the Inspector of the National Society; and the Report which he has made upon them to the Bishop, having been kindly placed by his Lordship at the disposal of the Board, is printed, in so far at least as it is of public interest, as an Appendix to this Report. To that document the Board invite the attention of the subscribers and of the clergy generally. It will shew that much is yet needed in order to render our schools in any way worthy of the Church; and in it will be found many useful hints for their improvement. To Mr. Hopwood himself the Board desire to express their cordial acknowledgments for the energy and skill with which he accomplished a very

difficult work; as well as to the National Society, for the assistance which has been rendered to the cause of education in this diocese, in granting to them the valuable services of their Inspector.

The diocesan organization has been rendered more complete by the formation of a Local Board at Henley, under the presidency of the Rev. F. K. Leighton, Rural Dean; the result of which has been a material increase of subscribers* from that district and the Local Board will now proceed to inquire into the state of education in the Deanery, and to invite the clergy to place their schools in union. It will be seen that there are still one or two deaneries in which scarcely any thing has been done.

It remains to allude to a most severe loss and disappointment which the Diocesan Board has experienced in the contemplated withdrawal of the Archidiaconal Board of Buckinghamshire from the agreement into which they had entered to bear a fixed proportion of the expenses of the Training School for Masters. On the 6th of May a communication was received from the secretaries of the Bucks Board, stating that their Board had come to the conclusion, "with regret," that considering the state of their funds, and the peculiar character of the education in the Archdeaconry, they could not longer continue their connection with the Oxford Board than was required by any pledges that might have been given, and naming Christmas, 1843, or any earlier time

* These subscriptions commence for 1843, and therefore are not acknowledged in this Report.

that the Diocesan Board might allow as the date of the proposed separation. In answer to this communication, the Board had only to express their sorrow and disappointment at the early termination of a connection which they had hoped would be permanent; and to say that at Christmas, 1843, the separation would be effected. The Board considered

that regarding the amount of money laid out at Summertown, (and a large outlay had been incurred, in order to render the premises more commodious, in the interval between the date of the resolution passed by the Bucks Board (March 30th) and its communication to the secretary at the beginning of May) they could not equitably consent to any earlier termination of the engagement than that named.

The prospect of so serious a diminution of their funds has naturally made the Board very anxious to review the whole question of income and expenditure, so that their financial arrangements may be placed upon the most secure and permanent basis. The auditors have therefore been requested to inquire at large into the subject, and their report will be submitted to the next meeting of the Diocesan Board.

Meanwhile, it is hoped that all friends of education within the diocese will use their utmost exertions to compensate, partially at least, to the Board for this very serious loss.



HAVING received, through the Archdeacon of Oxford, your Lordship's license "to visit and inspect such schools in the diocese of Oxford as were in union with the Diocesan Board of Education," I entered upon my labours May 9th, 1842, at Reading; and continued them, without interruption, until August 4; when they were necessarily suspended by the breaking up of all the schools for the harvest holidays. I accordingly returned from Oxford to London. I resumed my inspection, Sept. 27, at Windsor; and finally concluded it, Oct. 11, at Henley.

[The first part of the Report is occupied with a variety of minute details, which, though valuable in themselves, and forming an important part of the Report, as addressed to the Bishop, it would be unnecessary to print.]

I now proceed to lay before your Lordship the general results of my personal inquiries and observations throughout the diocese; including the schools in the Windsor and Eton Church Union.

The total number of schools inspected was 146; which had on their books 9406 scholars; but in which there were present at the time of inspection 7473.

In the archdeaconry of Berks, the age of admission ranges from two to six years; the general age being four years. The age of leaving ranges, for boys, from nine to eleven; for girls, from ten to twelve. In the archdeaconry of Oxford, the age of admission ranges from three to six years, the greater number being admitted at three or four years. The age of leaving ranges, for boys, from ten to twelve; for girls, from eleven to fourteen.

The general want of definiteness in the registers made it difficult for me to ascertain the average daily attendance, and to judge whether that attendance was regular and punctual. In

some instances, the Master or Mistress reported the attendance to be " regular," when all that they really meant was, that the majority of those scholars who were absent, had some reason for their absence, which was accepted by the Master or Mistress as valid. In the majority of cases, I found the attendance to be very irregular; in several, it was tolerably steady; and in some, it was remarkably uniform. I would mention the following schools as reflecting much credit, in this respect, upon those who conduct them :-The boys' schools of Speen, Thatcham, Iffley, Nuneham, Watlington, Henley, New Windsor, and Clewer Green; the girls' schools of St. Mary's and St. Lawrence, Reading; Speen, Iffley, St. Peter's, Oxford; Wootton and Clewer Green; and the Mixed schools of Waltham St. Lawrence; Burghfield; and Steventon.

The prevailing causes of absence and irregularity are ;—in the boys' schools, agricultural labour, varying with the seasons of the year; in girls' schools, the same, and nursing,

The school education of boys generally ends when they are between 10 and 12 years old; of girls, when they are between 12 and 14 years old. The boys go to field work, the girls to service. Wherever there is any peculiar local employment, children are engaged in it at an early age; as in horse cloth weaving at Reading, turning at Abingdon, blanket making at Witney, gloving in the neighbourhood of Woodstock, and lace making for girls at Launton.

2. The usual course of instruction consists only of reading, writing, the first four rules (simple and compound) of arithmetic, and the repetition of the Church Catechism *.

*The subjoined account of two schools, in which what is usually called "industrial training" has been attempted, will be read with interest.

Winkfield." 1. Each subscriber may nominate one boy and one girl for each guinea subscribed. 2. Subscribers of less sums than one guinea may also nominate candidates, who will be admitted as opportunities offer. 3. Each scholar to bring twopence every Monday morning. 4. A sum equal to half the amount paid by the children, to be distributed annually in rewards to the most deserving. 5. One half of the day to be employed in reading and writing; the other half in learning some useful work, in the school or out of doors. 6. The boys to be instructed in gardening, and such parts of agriculture as may be useful to them hereafter; also in making baskets or mats, and in any other useful work. 7. The girls to be taught needlework, knitting, washing,

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