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the National Society avowed themselves most willing and anxious to adopt, since in their original proceedings it was declared that the establishment of diocesan and district committees was the principal mean by which the Society proposed and hoped to carry into effect the great end and design for which it was formed."

In addition to causes already adverted to, which lead to the institution of boards of education in other dioceses, attention had been already drawn to the subject in this quarter by the Bishop's charge delivered in the previous summer. In congratulating the diocese on the progress which had been made in education among them since his former visitation, his lordship took occasion to remark, that he considered "the system of national education capable of great and essential improvement;" and he exhorted the parochial clergy especially, "by exerting themselves, to render it as perfect as they could; extending the range of instruction, and affording their valuable assistance and suggestions wherever they might be needed."

It may be here advisable to make a few observations explanatory of the constitution and organization of the Board, since on the due subdivision of labour and hearty cooperation of all friends to sound and useful education, both lay and clerical, throughout the diocese, must, under God, depend the success of this great experiment. The Board, it will be perceived, is so formed, that while it secures unity of design by proceeding ultimately from the Bishop, from whom in fact is derived a delegated authority, it is meant to combine the active energies of all right-minded persons in that sphere where by personal experience and local influence their services will be most beneficial. In forming these subdivisions regard has been had as much as possible to the ancient ecclesiastical arrangements. Accordingly, the archidiaconal boards have been subdivided into deanery boards, of which the parochial clergy are ex officio members, and which besides are empowered to recommend to the archidiaconal boards the addition of any persons resident within the limits of their deaneries. The amount of organization and activity displayed by these different local boards, is found, as might be expected, to vary very considerably. In thanking these gentlemen for the different proportions of labour they have kindly bestowed on the

matter, the Board are anxious to express their conviction that on the unanimity which is shewn among members of our communion, and especially among the parochial clergy, in furthering these very important designs, will depend, humanly speaking, the preservation of the Church in her integrity among us. It cannot be concealed that the Church is now upon her trial; and if she fails in perfecting and carrying out an efficient system of education through the length and breadth of the land, the secular power is ready to step in and take the work out of her hands.

It remains to give some account of the income and expenditure of the Board. The amount of donations received for the first year is 15327. 178.; of annual subscriptions, 7607. In addition to these sums, the Board have to acknowledge a most liberal offer made by Merton College to appropriate a benefaction of 407. per annum, which is at their disposal, to the education and clothing of oned or more scholars in the Training School. There is reason to believe that two sums together amounting to 751., which are now entered as donations, will be renewed annually. The Board hope also to be able to invest 15007. in the public funds.

Thus for next year the account will stand :

:

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which it is proposed to apply as follows:

To the Training School for Masters.. £500
To ditto for Mistresses....

200

Salary and expenses of an Inspector.. 100

Balance to meet current expenses. . . . 120

£920.

d The Board have intimated their willingness to receive two pupils of competent attainments upon the nomination of the Warden and Fellows, and to make up the deficiency out of their own funds. They will be called Simpson's Exhibitioners. It will be observed, from the subscription-list, that 107. per annum is given for a similar purpose by Philip Pusey, Esq. M.P.; the exhibitioner to be chosen from one of the parishes with which he is connected, and from a school in union with the Board.

Should the Funds admit (and surely when the claims which the Board has upon the middle as well as higher classes of society are understood, they will yet be considerably increased), it is proposed to make other grants for the benefit both of commercial and of parochial schools.

The sum absolutely paid by the Treasurer for the past year's expenses, is 2427. 2s. 10d.: in addition to which the Board is pledged to about 7007. more; which may be called for at any

moment.

Such is the statement which the Board have to lay before the subscribers at the termination of the first year. They cannot close this report without expressing their most heartfelt gratitude to the great Giver of all good, for the considerable measure of success that He has bestowed upon them. And, for the future, they desire to commend themselves and the sacred cause in which they are engaged to the Divine Head of the Church; beseeching Him that the fruits of their endeavours may be made manifest in the spread of sound knowledge and Christian principles in the youth of this diocese, to the honour and praise of God's holy name.

APPENDICES.

I.

Address issued by the Board.

FROM inquiries that have been instituted in various parts of the country, it appears that our present system of national education is capable of, and requires, improvement; and may at the same time be advantageously extended to a class of persons hitherto not included under its operations.

To promote these important objects, according to the principles of, and in connection with, the Church of England, the Oxford Diocesan Board of Education has been formed.

I. It is proposed that all parochiala schools be invited to place themselves in union with the Board; by which means consistency of proceeding will be secured, the successive improvements in the method of teaching and management of schools may be more easily communicated, the character, condition, and prospects of masters may be raised, and an increased energy imparted to the whole system.

II. The attention of the Board will likewise be directed, in an especial manner, to the state of middle or commercial schools; and their object will be to provide that every part of the diocese be furnished with a sufficiency of boarding or other schools, in which the children of the farmer and the tradesman may receive a useful and a religious education. Where good schools already exist, either endowed or independent, it will be the desire of the a By "parochial" schools are meant schools engaged in the education of the children of the labouring classes.

Board to avail itself of their assistance; and they hope to offer to masters or governors of schools willing to enter into union with them such advantages as will secure to their schools a preference on the part of persons desirous of providing a superior education for their children.

The first step towards accomplishing these ends will be the establishment of a Training Seminary for Teachers, the expenses of which must be supplied in great measure from the funds to be raised by subscription.

Another important feature in this plan will be the introduction of a system of periodical visitation and examination of all the schools in union. Such a system, it is conceived, will afford encouragement at once to the master and to the pupils, and will offer various opportunities of promotion to the scholars of most promise.

In order to carry this undertaking into effect, it is evident that a large annual expenditure must be incurred. The Board throw themselves, however, most confidently upon the wealth and piety of the diocese; convinced that no appeal can be made more deserving the support of the Christian and the churchman, than for training up the youth of this land in those pure and apostolical principles which are taught in our national church.

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