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PSALM XLIX.

1 HEAR this, all ye nations!

Give ear, all ye inhabitants of the world!

2 Both men of low, and men of high degree, Rich and poor together.

3 My mouth shall speak wisdom,

And the meditation of my heart shall be understanding. 4 I will incline mine ear unto parables;

I will make known my dark sayings with the harp.

5 Wherefore should I fear in the days of calamity,
When the wickedness of my supplanters hemmeth me in;
6 Who rely upon their substance,

And glory in the abundance of their riches?

7 No man can by any means redeem his brother, Nor give unto God a ransom for him;

8 So that he should live on for ever, And not see corruption.

9 For costly is the redemption of their life, Therefore doth he leave it alone for ever.

10 For he seeth that wise men die;

With the simple and brutish, do they perish,
And leave their substance unto others.

11 Their inward thoughts are,

That their houses will stand for ever,

And their dwelling-places to all generations;
They call their lands by their own names.

XLIX.

1 this-i. e. the instruction conveyed in the following verses.

2 men of low &c.-Heb. sons of men (low) and sons of men (high).

4 I will incline &c.-i. e. I will listen to the sage instructions of former ages. Compare Ps. Lxxviii. 1-4. - make known-Heb. open. dark sayings-dark, as forming a didactic composition, conveyed in

parabolic or enigmatical language.
5 supplanters-See Gen. xxvii. 36.
and marginal reading.

7 redeem-i. e. from death.

9 their life—i.e. the lives of men. 10 iti. e. the attempt to redeem &c.

wise men-i. e. those who are possessed of the greatest worldly wisdom.

11 lands &c.-Compare Gen. iv. 17.

12 Yet man, who is in honour, abideth not; He is like unto the beasts, which perish.

13 This is their course, this, their confidence ;

And those, who come after them, approve their sayings.

14 They are appointed for the grave, as sheep;

Death shall feed upon them!

Yea, early shall the upright trample on them;

And their form shall waste away,

The grave shall be their dwelling-place.

15 For God will redeem my life;

Truly, He will take me out of the power of the grave.

16 Be not thou afraid, when a man becometh richWhen the glory of his house is increased.

17 For, at his death, he will carry nothing away, Nor will his glory descend after him.

18 Though he congratulate himself upon his prosperous life— Yea, though men praise thee, when thou indulgest thyself; 19 Thou shalt go unto the generation of their fathers,

Who will never see the light!

20 Man, who is in honour, but without understanding, Is like unto the beasts, which perish.

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PSALM L.

1 THE God of gods, JEHOVAH, speaketh,

And calleth the earth,

From the east and from the west!

2 From Sion, perfect in beauty,

God shineth forth!

3 Our God cometh, and keepeth not silence,

A fire devoureth before Him,

And around Him a tempest rageth!

4 HE calleth unto the heavens above,

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And unto the earth, that He may judge His people:

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Gather My worshippers unto Me,

"Those who have made a covenant with Me, by sacrifice. 6 "And let the heavens declare His righteousness,

"When God is the Judge!

7 "Hear, O My people! and I will speak

"O Israel! and I will warn thee.

"I am God, Thy God!

8" I do not reprove thee, concerning thy sacrifices;
"For thy burnt-offerings are ever before Me.
9" I will take no bullock out of thy house,
"Nor he-goats out of thy folds;

L.

1 the earth-i. e. the inhabitants of the earth.

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- From the east, &c.—Heb. From the rising of the sun to the place of his going down.

2 beauty" the city that men call the perfection of beauty." Lam. ii. 15. See also Ps. XLviii. 2.

3 keepeth not silence-God's approach is manifested by thunders. This negative form of expression is employed to give the greater force and emphasis. See Ps. cxix. 85. For the circumstances under which the Law was given from mount Sinai,

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10 "For all the beasts of the forest are Mine,

"And the cattle upon a thousand hills.

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11 I know every bird of the mountains,

"And the wild beasts of the field are before Me.

12 "If I be hungry, I will not tell thee;

"For the world and all, which it containeth, are Mine! 13 "Shall I eat the flesh of bulls,

"And drink the blood of goats?

14 "Offer unto God the sacrifice of praise,

"And fulfil thy vows unto the Most High;

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15 And call upon Me in the day of trouble,

"I will rescue thee, and thou shalt glorify Me."

16 But unto the wicked man God saith:

"Wherefore shouldest thou rehearse My statutes, "And profess with thy mouth My covenant,

17 "While thou hatest correction,

"And castest My words behind thee?

18 "When thou seest a thief, thou art pleased with him;

19

20

"And thou hast thy portion with adulterers.

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Thou lettest loose thy mouth to wickedness,

"And thy tongue weaveth deceits.

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Thou sittest, and speakest against thy brother,

"And dost slander thine own mother's son.

21 "These things hast thou done, and I have been silent;
"Thou thinkest that I am altogether like thyself!
"I will reprove thee, and array them before thine eyes.

11 before me-)

-Heb. with Me. 15 shalt glorify Me-i. e. shalt have cause for glorifying Me.

16 profess with thy mouth-Heb. take upon thy mouth.

17 castest My words behind theei. e. disregardest My words.

18 pleased with him-i. e. art willing to associate with him.

20 Thou sittest-i. e. in the most public places of resort, which were usually the gates of the city. See Ps. Lxix. 12.

thine own mother's son-To understand the force of this expression, it is necessary to bear in mind that polygamy was allowed amongst the Israelites. Those who were born to the same father were all brethren, but a yet more intimate relationship subsisted between those who had the same mother as well as the same father.

21 them-i. e. the things which thou hast done.

22 "Now consider this, ye who forget God!

"Lest I tear you in pieces, and there be no deliverer.

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23 He, who offereth the sacrifice of praise, honoureth Me; "And to him, who taketh heed unto his way,

"Will I show the salvation of God."

PSALM LI.

1 BE gracious unto me, O God!

According to Thy loving-kindness;

According to the abundance of Thy mercies,
Blot out my transgressions.

2 Wash me thoroughly from mine iniquity,
And cleanse me from my sin.

3 For I acknowledge my transgressions, And my sin is continually before me.

4 Against Thee, Thee only, have I sinned;

Yea, I have done that which is evil in Thy sight;
Therefore Thou art just in Thy sentence-

THOU art clear in Thy judgment.

5 Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity,

Yea, in sin did my mother conceive me.

6 Behold, THOU lovest truth in the inmost heart;
And, in my secret soul, dost thou teach me wisdom.
7 Sprinkle me with hyssop, that I may be clean,
Wash me, that I may be whiter than snow.

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