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5 For in death there is no remembrance of Thee;

In the regions of the departed, who shall celebrate Thy praise?

6 I am wearied with my groaning;

Every night do I deluge my pillow

Do I water my couch with my tears. 7 Mine eye wasteth away through vexation, It groweth stiff because of all mine enemies.

8 Depart from me, all ye workers of iniquity! For JEHOVAH hath heard my wailing;

9 JEHOVAH hath heard my supplication,

JEHOVAH accepteth my prayer.

10 All mine enemies shall be ashamed and greatly confounded, They shall go back, they shall, in a moment, be put to shame.


1 JEHOVAH, my God! with Thee do I take refuge.
Save me from all my persecutors and deliver me;

2 Lest they, like a lion, tear me in pieces,
While there is no one to rescue, no one to deliver.

3 JEHOVAH, my God! if I have done this

If there be iniquity in my hands

5"For the grave cannot praise thee, death cannot celebrate thee &c.: the living, the living, he shall praise thee, as I do this day &c." Isai. Xxxviii. 18, 19. In these and similar passages, occurring in the sacred poetry of the Hebrews, the gloomy mansions of departed spirits are represented as utterly unsuited to the voice of joy and praise. "Life and immortality" had not yet been clearly brought to light through the Gospel.". Compare Ps. xxx. 9. LXXXViii. 10, 11, 12. cxv. 17. Compare also Ecclus. xvii. 27, 28. Baruch ii. 17.

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4 If I have rendered evil to him, who was at peace with meOr have stripped mine adversary to utter destitution,

5 Let mine enemy pursue and overtake me;

Let him cast me to the ground, and trample upon me alive, Yea, let him bring down my glory to dwell in the dust.

6 Arise, JEHOVAH! in Thine anger;

Raise Thyself up against the fury of mine enemies,

And awake, decree judgment in my favour.

7 Let the assembled people compass Thee around, And sit Thou on high above them.

8 Let JEHOVAH judge the people;

Give sentence for me, O JEHOVAH !

According to mine innocency,

And according to the integrity which is in me.

9 Let the wickedness of the wicked come to an end;

And establish the righteous man;

For Thou art a searcher of the hearts and reins,
O righteous God!

10 God holdeth a shield before me,

He saveth the upright in heart.

11 God giveth sentence in favour of the righteous man; And God is ever angry with the wicked.

4 to utter destitution-so as to expose him to nakedness and extreme want. Compare Job xxxi. 29. and Prov. xxv. 21.

5 cast me &c.-Heb. trample upon my life to the ground. So, in Ps. LXXXIX. 39. "Thou hast profaned his crown to the ground" means "Thou hast cast his crown to the ground and profaned it." The expression in its complete form "he cast him down to the ground, and stamped upon him" occurs Dan. viii. 7.

5 bring down &c.-The construc

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12 If he repent not, He sharpeneth His sword; He bendeth His bow, and stringeth it,

13 And fitteth to it the weapons of death; He maketh for Himself fiery arrows.

14 Behold, he conceiveth iniquity, And travaileth with mischief, And bringeth forth deceit!

15 He diggeth a pit, and holloweth it out,

And tumbleth into the pit-fall, which he maketh.

16 His mischief returneth upon his own head,

And his violence cometh down upon the crown of his head.

I will praise JEHOVAH according to His righteousness,
And I will hymn the Name of JEHOVAH, the Most High.

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1 O JEHOVAH, our Lord!

How excellent is Thy Name in all the earth!

O Thou, who settest Thy glory above the heavens!

2 Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings,

Dost Thou establish Thy power;
Because of Thine adversaries,

To still the enemy and avenger.

3 When I behold Thy heavens, The work of Thy fingersThe moon and the stars,

Which Thou hast established!

4 What is mortal man,

That Thou bearest him in mind!

And what the son of man,

That Thou bestowest upon him Thy regard!

5 Yet Thou hast made him little lower than a god, And hast crowned him with majesty and honour!


In the early part of this Psalm, allusion appears to be made by the Psalmist not only to the protection and support which he had received when "he hanged yet upon his mother's breasts," but, particularly, to the signal victory obtained by the youthful David over the haughty and insulting champion of the Philistines, and to the consequent delivery of the Israelites (see 1 Sam. xvii.). The Psalmist then passes, from the consideration of individual and national mercies such as these, to some reflections upon the general dealings of Providence towards mankind.

2 Dost Thou establish Thy power &c.-Heb. hast laid the foundation of power out of &c.

2 babes and sucklings-The Psalmist thus describes "weak things of the world" chosen by God to confound "things which were mighty." 1 Cor. i. 27.

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Because of Thine adversaries— i. e. in consequence of the taunts of the adversary. "But I come to thee in the name of the Lord of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast defied." 1 Sam. xvii. 45.

3 established.-Heb. founded. 4 What-i. e. How utterly insignificant.

5 than a god - This expression refers solely to man's sovereignty over the animal creation. The Psalmist has here obviously paraphrased Gen. i. 26. "Let us make man in our

6 THOU hast given him dominion over the works of Thy hands, THOU hast put all creatures under his feet

7 All sheep and oxen,

Yea, and the beasts of the field

8 The birds of the air, and the fishes of the sea

Whatsoever passeth through the paths of the ocean! 9 O JEHOVAH, our Lord!

How glorious is thy Name in all the earth!


1 I WILL praise JEHOVAH with my whole heart, I will recount all Thy marvellous works.

2 I will rejoice and exult in Thee,

I will hymn Thy Name, O Most High!

3 Because mine enemies are turned back

Because they stumble and perish at Thy presence. 4 For Thou hast maintained my rightful cause,

THOU hast sat upon Thy throne, judging righteously. 5 THOU hast rebuked the nations,

THOU hast destroyed the wicked,

Their name hast Thou blotted out for ever and ever!

6 The enemy—they are come to an end!

An eternal desolation!

Their cities hast Thou uprooted!

The very memory of them hath perished!

7 But JEHOVAH sitteth enthroned for ever,

Firmly establishing his seat for judgment;

8 HE judgeth the world with righteousness,

He decideth the cause of the people with rectitude.

image, after our likeness, and let them have dominion over &c."

The author of the Epistle to the Hebrews, following the Septuagint version, reads "than the angels," and applies the passage to the temporary humiliation of the Messiah.

7 beasts of the field-i. e. wild beasts.


3 at Thy presence— Heb. from Thy face.

7 firmly &c.-ever ready to administer righteous judgment. Compare Ps. xcvii. 2.

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