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I was wounded [or stricken, or pierced] in the house of my friends [in the covenant of friendship]." If, indeed, the translation of the Revisers, "between thine arms," were justified, the cuttings would still seem to be the cuttings of the blood-covenant (See pages 13, 45, supra).

It is a noteworthy fact, that among the Jews in Tunis, near the old Phoenician settlement of Carthage, the sign of a bleeding hand is still an honored and a sacred symbol, as if in recognition of the covenantbond of their brotherhood and friendship. "What struck me most in all the houses," says a traveler (Chevalier de Hesse-Wartegg) among these Jews, "was the impression of an open bleeding hand, on every wall of each floor. However white the walls, this repulsive [yet suggestive] sign was to be seen everywhere."

How many times, in the New Testament epistles, does the idea show itself, of an inter-union of lives, between Christ and his disciples, and between these disciples and each other. "We, who are many, are one body in Christ, and severally members one of another" (Rom. 12: 5). “We are members of his body" (Eph. 5: 30). “We are members one of another" (Eph. 4: 25). “Know ye not that your bodies are members of Christ?" (1 Cor. 6: 15). "Ye are the body of Christ, and severally [are] members thereof" (1 Cor. 12: 27).

It is in this truth of truths, concerning the possibility of an inter-union of the human life with the divine, through a common inter-bloodflow, that there is found a satisfying of the noblest heart yearnings of primitive man everywhere, and of the uttermost spiritual longings of the most advanced Christian believer, in the highest grade of intellectual and moral enlightenment. No attainment of evolution, or of development, has brought man's latest soul-cry beyond the intimations of his earliest soul-outreaching. "Take, dearest Lord, this crushed and bleeding heart,

And lay it in thine hand, thy pierced hand;

That thine atoning blood may mix with mine,

Till I and my Beloved are all one."



ABEL, his blood-giving, 210 ff.
Abimelech, his covenant: with Abra-
ham, 265; with Isaac, 267 f.
Abraham: The friend of God, 215-221;

his blood-giving, 217-221; his faith-
testing, 224-230; his covenant with
Abimelech, 265 f.

Adoption, blood used in, 195 f.
Ahab's fate, significance of, 312.
Altar, a table of communion, 167, 292 f.
Amulet house of the, 7, 65, 298; of the

Covenant, 81 f., 83, 232-238. See
Phylactery; Token of covenant.
Anointing with blood: in Central

America, 90 f.; in Arabia, 120; in
the Arthurian romance, 120 f.;
among the Bheels, 136 f.; among
the Caribs, 137 f.; among the Cen-
tral Africans, 138; among the Chi-
nese, 154 among the North Amer-
ican Indians, 306 f.; among the
Australians, 336 f.

Antiquity of the blood-covenant, 6,
58 ff., 77 ff., 206, 320

Ark, the, covering record of blood cove-
nant, 298. See Amulet, house of the.
Assiratum, its meaning, 63 ff.
Avenger of blood. See Goel.
BAAL-BEREETH: god-father in circum-
cision, 218; god of the covenant,
218, 317.
Banquet, connection of, with sacrifice:

in China, 148 ff.; in India, 159 ff.;
in Babylonia and Assyria, 167;
among the Bed'ween, 179 f.; among
American Indians, 179 f.
Bed'ween Brotherhoods, 9 f. See also


Belt: royal, of Tahiti, 328; wampum
of American Indian, a covenant
record, 326 ff.

Blood: thicker than milk, 10; not
eaten. See Prohibition of blood.
Vivifying power of, 110 ff.; belongs
to God, 204: symbolism of, in uni-
versal speech, 309 f.; life-giving,
in: Mexican legend, 111 f.; Egyp-

tian legend, 111 f.; Chaldean legend,
112: Phoenician legend, 112; Greek
legend, 112; modern science, 115 f.;
sacredness of in: Egypt, 99 ff.;
America, 105 ff.; India, 109, 158 ff.;
China, 109. See Offerings of blood.
Blood-baths: in Egypt, 116 f., 324; in
medieval Europe, 117 ff.; in Scan-
dinavia, 121 f.; in India, 122 f.;
in Bechuana-land, 324.
Blood-covenant: defined, 4 f.; a primi-
tive rite, 4, 6, 8; its sacredness, 6 f.;
influence of, 15; refused, 21; recog-
nized, 26 f. in Syria, 5 ff.; in Africa,
12-38; in Europe, 39-43; in China,
43 f.; in Burmah, 44, 313 f.; in
Madagascar, 44 f., 44-49; in Borneo,
49-52; in Timor, 53 f.; in Yucatan,
54 f.; in Brazil, 55; in Scythia,
58 f., 61 f.; in South America, 334
in Egypt, 77-84; traces of, in
China, 153; full symbolism of, 202 f.;
Noah's, 213; at Sinai, 238-240, 298;
importance cominonly undervalued,
297; a safeguard in Burmah, 315.
Blood-lickers, 11, 59. See Drinking of

Blood-money in the East, 260 ff.; re-
fused by Gibeonites, 324 f.; ac-
cepted: by Arabs, 325; by North
American Indians, 325. See Goel.
Blood-sucking, 8, 30, 43, 92, 114 f. See
Drinking of blood."

See Blood-cove-

nant; Transfusion of blood.
Book of the Dead, 78-83.
Bracelet, as symbol, 65-76.

Bread: of Ra, 173: covenant of, 293, 313.
Breaking the grass, 315.

Brébeuf, heart of, 127.

Brotherhoods, blood. See Blood-cove-


Bruce, heart of, 107 f.
Burial in brotherhood, 41.

CAIN, his blood withholding, 210 ff.
Cameron, Commander, making blood-
friendship, 15 ff.

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desire, 271-286.

Christians, charges of cannabalism
against, 321.

Circumcision, a mode of blood-cove-
nanting, 215-223, 237; its modern
methods, 218 f.

Clasped hands: a relic of the covenant,
328, 340. See Hands.

Classics, references to blood-covenant in,

58-65, 267, 297, 312.
Communion: through blood, 147 ff.; in

China, 148 ff.; in Assyria, 168 f.;
divine-human, in Egypt, 172. See
Altar Banquet; Union. In Christ,
foretold, 275-278; instituted, 280-
284; realized, 285 f.

Covenant, between those of different
religions, 7. See Blood-covenant.
Covenant of Bread, its symbolism, 293,

Cry of blood from the ground, 212.
Cutting covenant: meaning of term,

267 f., 322; between Jacob and La-
ban, 269; in one's own body, 322; in
substitute victim, 322; both methods
in Borneo.

Cuttings in flesh, 218; in friendship, in
Zechariah, 341.

DAVID and Jonathan, covenanting,
269 ff.

Dead, blood-covenant with, 299.
Discerning the communion-body, 172.
Drinking of blood: in North America,

127; in Syria, 6; in Central Africa,
13, 28 ff.; in Europe, 41, 60 f.; in
Madagascar, 44, 48; in Borneo, 49
f., 52; in Timor, 53; in Scythia, 59,
62, 126; in Egypt, 83; in India, 92
f. in China, 123 f.; in France, 124:
in Italy, 124 f.; in language of Fel-
laheen, 130; among the Germans,
320; in Persia, 321; in Australia,
336; charge of, against Jews, 179,
321; charge of, against Christians,

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27 f., 32; of garments, 14, 270; of

arms, 270.

Evolution, or deterioration, 4.

FEATHERS, red, their significance, 328 f.
See Red as a symbol.

Feeding on the god: 176 f. See Com-
munion; Union.

Fiery cross its significance in Arabia,
317 f. in Scotland, 319 ff.

Fire, a gift of the gods, 174.
Firstborn, blood of the, 156.

sacrifice of: in China, 150 f.; in
pre-Semitic times, 166.

Food restrictions removed in commun-
ion in India, 161 ff.; in Assyria,


Friend, closer than brother, 7 f., 10.
Friendship, blood. See Blood-covenant.

GIRDLE. See Belts.

Ghouls seeking life in blood, 114 f.
Giving blood: in proof of love, 85-92;
in worship, 89-93, 96.

Goel, pursuer, not avenger, of blood,
259-563; in Brazil, 325; in Aus-
tralia, 325 f.

Golden legend, Blood transference in,
118 ff.

HAND, bleeding, in Tunis, 342.

Hands: joined in blood, 12, 41 f., 235 f.;
clasped, token of, 328, 340 ff.
Healths, drinking of, relic of blood-
drinking, 201 f.

Heart: sacredness of, in Egypt, 99 ff.,

300 ff as life, outside of the body,
103 ff., 301 f.; sacredness of, in
Greece and Rome, 108 f.; epitome
of man, 107; the symbol of person-
ality, 204; new, is new life, 303; the
seat of the soul, 304; living, in pet-
rifactions, 305; source of life, 99 ff.;
of strength, 135; of manhood, 135;
of courage, 136.

Heart-eating among American In-
dians, 128; in British Guiana, 128;
in Australia, 129; in Africa, 129; in
Borneo, 129.

Heathen communions and the Christian
sacrament, 177.
Human sacrifices.


See Sacrifices, hu-

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