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8. not call us for impurity, but in sanctification. He then who spurns at this, spurns not man, but the God who has even given for you his Holy Spirit.



Respecting brotherly love, however, we have no need to write to you, for you yourselves are divinely taught to love 10. one another. And indeed you do this to all the brethren throughout Macedonia.


But we exhort you, brethren, to be more and more assiduous in your endeavours to be tranquil, and to mind your own affairs, and to work with your own hands, just as we 12. enjoined you; that you may live reputably among those around you, and that you may have need of no one. 13. Now, we are not willing, brethren, that you should be ignorant respecting those who are deceased, in order that you 14. may not grieve like others, who have not a hope: for, as we believe that Jesus died and arose to life, so also we believe that the deceased, God will raise by Jesus, as he raised him. 15. For this we tell you, on the Lord's word, that those of us who may be living, and anywhere remaining unto the coming of 16. the Lord, will not precede those who are deceased. Because the Lord himself will come down from heaven with a shout, with the voice of an archangel, and with an awful trumpet; 17. and the dead in Christ will be raised first:-then those of us who may be living and anywhere remaining will be caught up along with them by clouds," into the air, for a meeting with 18. the Lord: and so with the Lord we shall always be. Wherefore comfort one another with these words.



But respecting the times and the occasions, brethren, you 2. do not need to be written to: for you yourselves know accurately, that the day of the Lord is coming like a thief at 3. night: when people are saying, " peace and safety,” then sudden destruction befalls them, just as the labour-pangs of a


a As eis vuâs is the best reading, it must be rendered "for you," not to you," which would require vuîv.

b' 'Ev veþéλais may be taken instrumentally, and the action may be similar to that of the whirlwind which carried up Elijah.

4. woman; and they cannot escape. You, brethren, however,

are not in darkness, that this day should come upon you like a 5. thief; for you are all sons of light, and sons of day. We 6. are not of night nor of darkness. So then, let us not sleep, 7. like the rest, but let us keep awake and be sober: for those who sleep, sleep at night: and the drunkards are drunk in 8. the night: but we being of the day, let us be sober; equipped with a breastplate of faith and love; and with a hope of salva9. tion for a helmet. For God has not set us apart for wrath,

but for attaining salvation, through our Lord Jesus Christ, 10. who died in our stead, in order that whether we are watching 11. or at rest, we should live along with him. Wherefore encourage one another, and edify each other, just as indeed you are doing.


And we beseech you, brethren, to acknowledge those who are labouring among you, both presiding over you in the 13. Lord, and admonishing you; and to esteem them very highly in love, on account of their work. Live in peace with them. 14. And we beg of you, brethren, to admonish the disorderly, to

encourage the timid, to assist the weak, to be forbearing to 15. all. Take care that no person render evil for evil to any one; but always cultivate kindness, toward each other and toward 16-18. all men. Be always cheerful. Omit not prayer.


every case be thankful, for this is the will of God in Christ 19, 20. Jesus concerning you. Quench not the spirit. Despise 21. not prophesyings: but examine all things. Hold to what is 22. good. Avoid every form of evil.


Now may the God of peace himself sanctify you entirely, and may your entire nature, the spirit, and the soul, and the body, be preserved without spot for the appearing of our Lord Jesus 24. Christ. He who calls you is faithful, and he will perform. 25, 26. Brethren, pray for us. Salute all the brethren with a holy 27. kiss. I adjure you by the Lord, that this letter be read to all 28. the holy brethren. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen!




1. PAUL, and Silvanus, and Timothy, to the congregation of Thessalonicans in God our Father and in the Lord Jesus 2. Christ, favour and peace to you from God our Father and from 3. the Lord Jesus Christ. We are bound to give thanks to God always respecting you, brethren, as it is due; because your faith is growing fast, and the love of each one of you all for one 4. another is fully maturing; so that we ourselves have exulted over you among the congregations of God, on account of your endurance and your faith, in all your persecutions and the 5. troubles which you are undergoing; an evidence of the righteous judgment of God, for you to be deemed worthy of the kingdom of God, on account of which too, you suffer: 6. since it is assuredly a just thing with God, to render trouble to 7. those who trouble you; and to you who are troubled, rest along with us, at the revelation of the Lord Jesus from 8. heaven, with his mighty angels, by flaming fire executing vengeance on them who know not God, and are not obedient 9. to the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ; on them who shall pay a just penalty, even everlasting perdition, from the face of 10. the Lord, and from the glory of his power, in that day, when he shall come to be glorified by his saints, and to be revered by all who have believed: among whom are you, by whom our 11. testimony was believed; and therefore we always pray respecting you, that our God may make you worthy of the vocation, and fully impart a perfect delight in goodness, and a work of 12. faith with power: so that the name of our Lord Jesus Christ

may be glorified by you and you by him, according to the favour of our God and of the Lord Jesus Christ.


1. But we intreat you, brethren, in respect to the appearing 2. of our Lord Jesus Christ, and our congregating to him, that you be not quickly agitated in your thoughts, nor alarmed, whether by any supposed revelation, or discourse, or letter of 3. ours, as that the day of the Lord is near at hand. Let not a person deceive you by any turn, as if that the apostasy should not first come, nor that erroneous man be developed, that de4. structive person, the opponent, who indeed lifteth himself above every thing called divinity or majesty, so as to seat himself as God, in the temple of God, showing himself off, that he is 5. God. Do you not remember that, while I was with I you, 6. said these things to you? And do you not know what re7. strains, that he may be developed at his proper time? for this

work of iniquity is secretly going on; only there is one who 8. now restrains, until he be removed out of the way: and then

that impious one will be developed, whom the Lord Jesus will consume with the breath of his mouth, and annihilate by the 9. appearing of his presence: the coming of which impious one

will be according to the working of Satan, with all kinds of false miracles, and signs and wonders, and with every iniqui10. tous deception, among those who perish, because they admitted 11. not the love of the truth for their salvation: and, on this account, God will send on them an effectual delusion unto their believing 12. the lie; in order that all who have not believed the truth, but have approved of the iniquity, may be condemned.


We ought always to be thankful to God, however, respecting you, brethren loved by the Lord, that God has chosen you from the first for salvation, by sanctification of spirit and 14. belief of truth; unto which he called you by our gospel, for a 15. glorious acquisition of our Lord Jesus Christ. So then, bre

thren, be firm and hold fast the instructions which you have 16. learned either by our word or our letter. And may our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God, even our Father, who has loved us, and has given us by grace an everlasting consolation, and

17. a good hope, comfort your hearts, and establish you in every good work, and all sound doctrine.


1. In conclusion. Pray, brethren, for us, that the word of the Lord may run, and be glorified, just as it does with you: 2. and that we may be delivered from inconsistent and bad men; 3. since the faith is not in all: but the Lord is faithful, who will 4. establish you, and guard you from the wicked one. And we have confidence in the Lord as to you, that what we enjoined 5. upon you, you are doing, and will continue to do. And And may the Lord direct your hearts to the love of God, and to the patience of Christ.


Now we charge you, brethren, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, to withdraw yourselves from every brother who walks out of order, and not according to the direction which 7. he received from us. For you yourselves know how you ought to copy us; because we were not irregular among you. 8. Nor did we eat bread with any one for nothing; but with fatiguing toil, were working night and day, that we might not 9. be burdensome to any one of you: not because we have not a

right; but in order that we might make ourselves a pattern, 10. for you to imitate us: and indeed, when we were with you, we enjoined this upon you; that, if any one were not willing 11. to work, let him not eat. For we hear that there are some among you, walking out of order, working at nothing, but 12. going about meddling. Now we command such persons, and

we exhort them by our Lord Jesus Christ, that, working 13. quietly, they may eat their own bread. But do you, brethren, 14. not relax in proper conduct. And if any one obey not our word by this letter, mark out that man, and do not associate 15. with him, that he may be ashamed. Do not however regard him as an enemy, but admonish him as a brother.


Now may the Lord of peace himself give you his peace at all times, and in all circumstances. The Lord be with you 17. all. The salutation of Paul with my own hand, which is a 18. sign in every letter: this is my hand-writing. THE GRACE OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST BE WITH YOU ALL. ΑΜΕΝ.

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