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composure and equanimity, in charity with all men, grateful to his Maker for the many blessings he had so long enjoyed, in the joyful hope of being again united with his family and friends in a blissful immortality.

Feb. 19, at Sidmouth, in the 36th year of his age, Mr. JOHN PESTER, Baker. He was a kind husband and father, an industrious, upright tradesman, and a valuable member of society. His illness, which arose from a neglected cold, was long and painful, but borne with much patience and resignation. He was an Unitarian upon inquiry and Conviction, and, till his illness, which confined him from public worship fourteen months, a constant attendant at the Old Dissenting Meeting-house in Sidmouth.

He had a great desire of life, and was often much dejected with the increasing conviction which almost every day gave him, that this desire would not be gratified. This was accompanied, however, with no fear of death or its consequences. He had such a full persuasion of the Divine good ness, that he contemplated, though with humility and reverenee, yet without dread, an entrance into the Divine presence. In religious matters, the example of this excellent young man was worthy of close imitation. He had an inquiring mind, and a firm, independent spirit. Considering his station in life, be thought and read much upon religious doctrines, and whatever appeared to him to be truth, he had the courage to avow and follow. This led him to change some of his early notions, and to adopt such opinions as his riper judgment convinced him were more agreeable to reason and Scripture. Particularly he renounced, in the fullest mauner, the unintelligible and unscriptural notion of a Trinity of Persons in the Godhead. He believed in and worshiped only one God, the Father. Upon the same ground, namely, that there was no foundation for them in Scripture, he gave up the popular doctrines of original sin, the imputation of Christ's righteousness to believers, the election of a few to eternal life, and the condemnation of far the greater part of mankind. He could not suppose it possible that the Almighty should be disappointed as to the final lot of man, or that the fountain of wisdom and love should act in such a foolish and cruel manner, as to destroy, or render for ever miserable, most of the creatures which he had made. He fully agreed with the Apostle Peter, that God is no respecter of persons, but that in every nation, he that feareth God and worketh righteousness, according to the light which is afforded him, will be accepted by him. Faith in Christ, i. e. a belief that Jesus of Nazareth was the promised Messiah, and the greatest messenger of God to mankind, he had no doubt was necessary for a Christian, and

what, indeed, fixes upon any one the name of Christian; but he was also satisfied that this faith would be of no use, if it were not productive of good works. Religion, he would often say, was a personal thing, and that in order to be approved of God, and fit for heaven, it was necessary to be morally and truly good. While, however, he thus thought for himself, he had not the smallest dislike to those who conscientiously thought otherwise. His leading maxims were, "Prove all things." "Believe not every spirit, or every doctrine that is proposed to you, but try the spirits, whether they be of God." "Let every one be fully persuaded in his own mind.' These are surely ho nourable and Christian principles, and the more we act under their influence, the more we shall honour God, and benefit ourselves. E. B.

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– 24, at Portsea, after a week's confinement, ELIZABETH, second daughter of the late Mr. George SMITH, landscape painter,of Chichester; a lady in every view most truly amiable. She possessed a portion of her father's taste and genius: from her childhood she was of a delicate and infirm constitution, such as required much attention. Her general deportment was such as to gain more than respect, from a numerous circle of friends and acquaintances. A heart like hers, always alive to sympathy, and a disposition ever ready to assist and relieve, could hardly fail to meet a return of general esteem and love. A peculiar method in her, drew from children their love; in whose instruction she also took particular delight. From deliberate judgment and choice, she was by profession a General Baptist, considering adult bap tism the true and only mode appointed by the Christian Head; which, together with the Lord's Supper, were, in her view, of perpetual command. She was, therefore, regular in her attendance on it, as also at public worship; at which, her aim was always to be there by the appointed time for service. In doctrinal views, a firm believer in the unity and paternity of God, her mind was free from perplexity or fear through life; and prepared to meet the end of it, with that composure such views and such deportment are calculated to impart. Her experience at that solemn period, was of the most desirable nature. When her disorder assumed that aspect which indicated a probable fatal termination, she took an affectionate leave of all her friends, with the same composure as if going a journey only in this world! She expressed grateful thanks for all the attentions paid to her; indeed, her life had been so correct, that she had no bad account to settle with herself, her friends, the world, or her God. All was happy as the dying can wish, or the living receive consolation from. She


often, at this time, said, that death had no terrors; she was far on her journey, and had no wish to return to this world; to her, there was one great I am, and Jesus Christ. All she said, and all she did, was solid and rational proof of the efficacy of the Unitarian faith, with a conformity to the commands of Jesus Christ, to give the most undisturbed peace in the hour of death, and the sure and certain hope of a resurrection to everlasting honour and happiness. With the kindest admonitions to the young, whom she saw, were added this stimulus to goodness: "Act well, and you need never be afraid to die." Thus has passed away a life, the most truly valuable, though not high in station; one who has not lived in vain, and who will be long and affectionately remembered. The body was interred on Monday, the 2nd of March, in the General Baptist Chapel, St. Thomas's Street, Portsmouth, by the Rev. Joseph Brent, by whom an appropriate funeral sermon was preached on Sunday evening, the 8th, from Revelation xiv. 13.

Feb. 24, at Prescot, Miss BISPHAM. Having endured a protracted illness with exemplary patience and fortitude, Miss B. sank into the arms of death, cordially respected and deeply lamented by an extensive circle of friends. The affectionateness and amiableness of her disposition, and her sociability and vivacity endeared her to her numerous acquaintances. Her virtues, which were not few in number, were di vinely appointed to shed their lustre principally in the domestic circle. By the awful and mysterious decree of heaven, she had long been the consoler of a bereaved brother; the sympathizing, tender and faithful nurse of his two amiable daughters, committed to her care in their infancy; and latterly, the protectress of a

doubly-orphaned nephew. So valuable & life, though not devoted to the more public and pompous offices of humanity, was not lightly estimated; nor can her setting sun, eclipsed amid meridian beams, be viewed with a tearless eye. Memory, faithful to her trust, will cherish the recollection of the excellencies and kind offices of one, endeared to survivors by the ties of nature and the cords of sympathy Obedient to the dictates of love and gratitude, her nurtured nieces, her fostered nephew, and often solaced brother,will promptly rank her among their best earthly friends. Cheered by the well-grounded hope of a happy meeting in heaven, our dear departed friend fell sweetly asleep in Jesus. W. T. P.

March 5, at Prescot, of apoplexy, Mr. SHELLY. By this mysterious dispensation, a disconsolate widow and four orphans of tender age, have their prospects awfully changed. Mr. S was apparently recovering from the second attack of this alarming disorder: he was so far convalescent, as to be able to attend to his business without any sensible inconvenience; and on the morning of his dissolution, had breakfasted with his family with more than ordinary enjoyment. As a husband and a father, he was truly affectionate, and as a friend, he was affable, cheerful and sincere. On his set:lement at Prescot. he joined the Unitarian Society in that town; and though be had previously been a member of the Established Church, his attachment to the new principles he had espoused, was daily strengthened; and he greatly rejoiced in the diffusion and prosperity of pure and unadulterated Christianity.

W. T. P.


Address and Rules of the Church Building Society, agreed to at a Meeting of the Nobility, Clergy and Gentry, at Freemasons' Hall, February 6, 1818, His Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury in the Chair.

The want of church room, especially for the lower classes, in all the populous parishes which surround the city of London, and in many other parts of this kingdom, has been long felt and deplored; and the fearful consequences, thence resulting to the best interests of religion and order, are universally admitted.

Urged by these considerations, a number of respectable individuals presented a me

morial to the noble lord at the head of his Majesty's councils, soliciting the attention of government to the necessity of providing additional church room; and afterwards resolved to attempt the formation of a society for promoting this good work.

As it was their duty in the first place to obtain the sanction of the heads both of the civil and ecclesiastical establishments, and as this could only be done by framing some fundamental rules, and submitting them to the consideration of the persons whose approbation and patronage they solicited, much time unavoidably passed away, before their plan could be matured, and a society arranged, which might claim the attention of the nation at large.

Such a society is now formed; but it comes forward at a moment when its utility may appear to be superseded by the prospect of more adequate and effectual relief being afforded by the legislature of the country. So far, however, from such relief being likely to render the efforts of the society unnecessary, its promoters have the best reason to believe, that, in subserviency to any parliamentary enactments, its operation will prove highly beneficial in many cases, and in some, perhaps of the greatest urgency, essentially useful for the speedier attainment of the great object in view.

All, therefore, who feel that this great evil calls for redress, all who are justly alarmed at the dreadful consequences which must ensue, if the lower classes of the community continue to be deprived of the means of joining in the public worship of the Established Church, are earnestly entreated to give this society their liberal and zealous support.

Rules and Regulations.

1. That the society be named "The Society for Promoting the Enlargement and Building of Churches and Chapels."

2. That the society be governed by a president, vice-presidents, a treasurer, and a committee of thirty-six members; of which thirty-six, two thirds shall be laymen, and one-third ecclesiastics.

3. That his Royal Highness the Duke of York be the patron of the society. 4. That the Archbishop of Canterbury be the president of the society.

5. That the Archbishop of York, the Bishops of the two Provinces, and twentyfive lay Peers and Commoners be the vicepresidents of the society; and that all vacancies in the vice-presidency be filled up by the committee.

6 That the president, vice-presidents and treasurer, be ex-officio members of the committee; and the treasurer and one-fourth of the thirty-six elected memhers in rotation, shall vacate their offices at the annual general meeting, but be capable of immediate re-election.

7. That all persons making a donation of one hundred guineas or upwards, shall be governors of this society-shall be eligible to be vice-presidents, and have a double vote at all general meetings.

8. That all persons who shall contribute twenty guineas in one donation, or two guineas annually, shall be members of this society, have a right to vote at all general meetings, and be eligible to the committee, provided such annual subscriptions shall not then be in arrear.

9. That all annual subscriptions shall become due on the first day of January in each year.

10. That a general meeting be holden

annually on the third Thursday in May, and oftener if the committee shall think it expedient.

11. That at the annual meeting a report of the society's proceedings be made by the committee, together with a statement of its receipts and payments; that three auditors be then appointed for the year ensuing, a treasurer be elected, and the vacancies in the committee b filled up from a double list prepared by the president and vice-presidents

12. That every order to be made and act to be done by the committee, shall be made or done with the consent of the majority of the members, present at a meeting of the committee; such a meeting to consist of not less than five.

13. That all monies received by the society in donations, subscriptions, bequests, or otherwise, shall be paid into the Bank of England, in the names of four trustees to be appointed by the committee, and that all sums not immediately wanted be invested in government securities in the names of such trustees.

14. That no money shall be advanced by the society towards the enlarging or building of any church or chapel in any parish or place, unless the consent of the ordinary, patron and incumbent of the church or chapel already existing therein, (if any such there be, shall first have been ob tained to such enlarging or building.

15. That no grant exceeding £500 shall be made, unless approved by at least twothirds of the members present at a meeting of the cominittee, and confirmed by a majority of the members present at a subsequent meeting of the committee, to be called expressly for that purpose.

16. That assistance shall be given to those parishes and places only which shall advance, towards effecting the objects aforesaid, as much money as, in the opinion of the committee, shall bear a due proportion to their means; and all parishes and places applying for aid, shall state the extent of their population, their pecuniary means, and the efforts they have made, or are willing to make, towards accomplishing the object.

17. That the society shall not advance a greater proportion than one-fourth of the estimated expense of the works, unless for some special reason to be made out to the satisfaction of the committee.

18. That the society will not themselves engage in building or enlarging any church or chapel, but will confine the application of their funds to assisting such parishes or places as shall he desirous of erecting or enlarging churches or chapels within their respective limits.

19. That it shall be an object of the society to obtain and communicate infor

mation that may facilitate the enlarging and building of churches, particularly with respest to economy in building.

20. That it be a condition in every grant, that no expense shall be incurred for ornamental architecture beyond what shall, by the committee, be deemed essential to give to the buildings to be erected and enlarged with the aid of this society, the

character of churches or chapels of the Church of England.

21. That in the aid to be granted by this society, preference shall be given to such parishes and places as shall propose to afford the greatest extent of free sittings in proportion to the aid granted; such extent to be in no case less than half the additional area and accommodation.


Causes affecting Dissenters at the last reserved to attend such places of religious Assizes at Salisbury.

EXEMPTION FROM TOLL.- Lewis v. Hammond. The pleadings being opened by Mr. Gazelee, Mr. Sergeant Pell stated, that the sums sought to be recovered by this action amounted only to tenpence; but a verdict for that sum would carry costs. Although the amount was nominally small, yet the matter was really so important, that he was instructed by the Protestant Society for the Protection of the Religious Liberty of Dissenters, established in the metropolis, to seek to recover by their yerdict that small amount. That real importance would appear, if it was considered that an improper demand of tolls might be justly regarded as an infraction of those rights of exemption, which Dissenters were entitled to claim with their countrymen, who were members of the Established Church, and that a very small amount weekly demanded from multitudes of persons, would constitute an aggregate of contribution which, if improperly imposed, it would be absurd to sustain. The plaintiff, in this case, was Henry Lewis, a yeoman, residing at Foxhanger, in the parish of Rowde, near Devizes, in this county. He is a member of a congregation of Dissenters of the Independent denomination at Devizes, where he regularly attends on Sundays. In travelling from his house to the meeting house be passes through a turnpike gate, at which the defendant is the collector. Ever since the first introduction of turnpike acts, the legislature to promote religious worship on Sundays, bas wisely exempted persons attending, from the payment of tolls on passing through turnpike gates on those days. With equal wisdom and liberality, the legislature has granted to Dissenters an exemption similar to that conferred on members of the Established Church; and, indeed, the exemption has been necessarily more extensive, because to Churchmen the exemption only operates when they are going to their own parish churches, where they ought to at tend; whilst to Dissenters, the right is

worship as they conscientiously approve. But the exemption in each turnpike act de pending on each particular act, and the exempting words having been various in different acts, questions on their construction had occasionally arisen. Such was the origin of this action. In this act, the words exempted persons residing in a parish or township in which the roads should lie, from the payment of toll on Sundays, when "going to or returning from their parochial church, chapel or other place of religious worship on Sundays." The benefit of this exemption the plaintiff had claimed. By the collector it had been refused. He had insisted on the sum of tenpence as toll for the plaintiff, which he was compelled to pay, and this action was brought to recover back the amount. The reasons on which the defendant wished to exclude the plaintiff from the benefit of the exemption, would be stated to the court. He understood they were, first, because the word parochial restricted the exemption to the parish, in which the plaintiff dwelt; and secondly, because there was another Dissenting place of religious worship in that parish, and nearer to his residence, which would have been his proper place, and whereat he should therefore attend. Such reasoning appeared unsupported equally by the letter and by the spirit of the act; and the untenable nature of that reasoning had been already decided in a case at the Suffolk Assizes, before Mr. Justice Grose, in which he had directed a verdict for a plaintiff who brought a similar action, and had refused the defendant a case. A result precisely similar he also anticipated and thereat he should rejoice, because thereby the intention of the legislature would be effectuated, and that verdict would promote public worship, public morals and public peace.

William Cook being called, proved that he knew the plaintiff, who was a very respectable farmer at Foxhanger, in the parish of Rowde, where the turnpike roads lie; belonging to the congregation of

Dissenters at Devizes, where he regularly attended for four years, since his residence in the country; that on Sunday, April 20th, 1817, he accompanied the plaintiff to Devizes; that the toll of ten pence was demanded by the defendant, that plaintiff elaimed an exemption and explained where he was travelling; that exemption was disallowed by the defendant, who insisted on the toll, and which the plaintiff was obliged to pay. On his cross examination by Mr. Casberd, for defendant, he admitted that the meeting-honse at Devizes was not in the parish wherein the plaintiff resided; that he passed through several parishes; that there is a Dissenting meeting-house in the parish of Rowde, wherein the plaintiff resides, but of the Baptist denomination.

Mr. Casberd, for defendant, then expressed himself satisfied as to the facts, but submitted that in point of law the plaintiff could not sustain the action for the reasons anticipated by Mr. Sergeant Pell, and requested a case; but Mr. Justice Holroyd said, that he remembered the case in Suffolk; that he thought the plaintiff was entitled to the exemption, and he would not grant a case, but should direct the jury to find a verdict for the plaintiff; but he would not preclude the defendant's counsel from applying to the court if they should be so advised to correct the judgment he had formed. The learned judge directed the jury accordingly, who found, verdict for plaintiff, damages ten-pence, and costs.

RIOTS AT ANSTey—InterruptiNG PUBLIC WORSHIP.-The King v. The Rev. William Easton, clerk, James Gerrard and eight others.-Mr. Gazelee opened the indictment, charging the defendants, first, with a conspiracy to interrupt, on December 31, 1816, a congregation of Protestants assembled for religious worship at Anstey, in a house duly certified and registered; and secondly, generally with a riot on the same day and at the same place; to which the defendants had pleaded not guilty.

Mr. Sergeant Pell addressed the court in a speech of considerable length and great eloquence. In that cause, as in the former, he was selected by a Society for the Protection of Religious Liberty in London, to vindicate those rights of the Protestant Dissenters which had been injuriously assailed. The ease was important. It was as important to the members of the Established Church as it could be to Dissenters. Their character, the character of the country, the character of the times, were interwoven with the result. He was a member of the Established Church. He gloried in that connexion. His pleasure and pride originated in his knowledge that such church

was tolerant. Assailed in its infancy by persecution, persecution had been by it, even in darker ages, constantly renounced. It would not now assume weapons which, in periods of danger and of difficulty, it had disdained to grasp. To pronounce an apology for religions freedom, or to assert the paramount rights of conscience on that day, and in that court, would be to add lustre to the sun, and to demonstrate what no man would venture to dispute. Those rights, poets, lawyers, prelates and statesmen bad united to assert; and be was dis tressed to find that those rights had been forgotten and disregarded by a clergyman of the Established Church, and by an officer in that county, to whom their sacred nature should have been known, and by whom, if assailed by others, they should have been upheld. To all sects of religionists, the church and the law had manifested a liberal and enlightened toleration; but the Protestant Dissenters appeared to claim their peculiar care. Their differences were not as to subjects important to salvation, but as to points of discipline and church government, as to which the most pious, intelligent and learned men might reason with equal integrity and with dif ferent results. To that body of men, always attached to constitutional liberty, and equally averse to anarchy and despotism; modest, humble, useful and persevering-the country owed great obligations in periods of the greatest difficulty; and it would be equally injurious and ungrateful to return kindness with injuries, aud support with oppression. The absurdity of such conduct could only equal its intolerance and injustice. Persecution would give energies and create resistance, which indulgence might relax and prevent. They were the real enemies of the church who would adopt such measures for its maintenance. Conscientiously did he believe, even in these times when the dangers of the church formed a topic of conversation in every circle, that those dangers only could arise from the conduct of its own ministers, and a disregard to the principles on which it was established and endowed. He did not indeed expect its preservation from jolly parsons, from fox-hunting clergymen, from those who thought much of the spoils and little of the improvement of their parishioners; unsupported by the respect and love of those by whom they are observed, they might, indeed, have recourse to means to exclude Dissenters and intruders, which devout, laborious and affectionate ministers need not to adopt. It was when he witnessed such conduct, and then only, that he trembled for the church. He knew, and he gloried in the knowledge, that multitudes of clergymen, eminent for learning, for active benevolence, for zeal, constituted truly its honour and defence,

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