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them in the days of his flesh. He said, 'Of such is the kingdom of heaven.' I advise parents to believe not one word of the doctrine which teaches that infants are born with a taint of hereditary guilt, infinitely criminal in the sight of our Maker, and which exposes them to his endless displeasure and wrath; because such doctrine is directly calculated to dry up the sweet stream of parental kindness on the one hand, and on the other to produce a revolt in the heart from that God whose tender mercies are over all his works, and whom his rational creatures ought both to love and adore. It is to this doctrine that we may reasonably trace that bitter, unreasonable severity which millions of little children have suffered from the very hands to which nature presented them for protection; and to the same origin we look for the cause of all that spurious religion, whose object has ever been, by all the means at the disposal of human wisdom, to reconcile an offended God, and to placate his wrath, which was supposed to burn against man for his native depravity. I therefore advise parents to habituate themselves to look on these little ones as Jesus hath taught them to do, and ever consider them and treat them as the heirs of God's infinite love. By so doing, all the native fondness of the parental heart and affections will be rendered lively and active; and, while it affords indescribable pleasure to the parent, it will at the same time be the medium of comfort and support to those tender ones whose cries are wounds and whose smiles are pleasure.

"I would furthermore advise parents to attend strictly to the injunctions of St. Paul, to bring up their children in the nurture and admonition of the Lord.' Teach them, while very young, to believe in God as their Creator and Preserver; as the Giver of all good things, who deserves our supreme love for his universal and efficient kindness to his creatures. Let them early be taught to exercise the same spirit to each other, and to all persons, which our heavenly Father exercises towards all his creatures. This being the very essence of the doctrine of the Saviour, they will be hereby nurtured up into the Christian spirit and faith. They will become Christians in disposition before they ever know the absurd sentiments which have darkened the understandings of

professed divines, and filled Christendom with contentions and persecutions, and stained her fairest possessions with blood. Let parents be cautious that their good and wholesome examples are duly connected with their precepts and instructions, that children may know their parents believe those sentiments and principles which they endeavor to persuade them to imbibe. It is of important service that children are taught to attend to the duties of devotion; that they are careful to attend public worship, paying attention to the loveliness of the divine character, which is held up in sermons and prayers, and which is celebrated in hymns of praise. If parents always discover to their children a fervent desire to attend public worship on the Sabbath, their children will naturally imbibe the same desire, and the habit will not only prove advantageous, but agreeable and pleasant. I am aware that some parents may feel a remissness with regard to attending public worship, on account of the dulness or want of talent in the preacher; and, as preaching is my profession, I am very sensible that these faults are in me, and I heartily pity my hearers on this account; but, at the same time that I realize my defects and feel the necessity of endeavoring to remove them, I will go on with my advice; and will advise parents to attend with their children to the devotions of the sanctuary, that the young may have the example of age and experience operating to their constant advantage. Let parents deliberately ask how much attention they would be glad to have their children pay to religion; and when they have brought out the answer to their entire satisfaction, then I advise them to pay as much attention to religion themselves; for they ought not to desire their children to do more than they are willing to do; and they ought to accommodate their offspring with the advantages of their example.

"While on this subject (a subject of the greatest interest to the rising generation), I must be indulged to advise parents to be extremely cautious not to indulge in any habits in which they would not be glad to have their children follow them. You are a father; would you be glad to see your son in the habit of drinking ardent spirits? Would you like to have him punctual to his dram before breakfast, and to another before dinner, &c. &c.?

Then set him the example! But, if not, by the love you bear your rising son, let me warn you not to indulge in a practice which leads directly to ruin. You are a father; remember, then, that good example and good advice are far better for your children than riches.

"You are a mother. Should you be pleased to see your daughter addicted to any bad habit? Look forward and anticipate the time when she may be a wife and a mother, like yourself, and say whether you feel willing she should wound the heart of her husband, and mortify his manly feelings, in any manner? If not, then let me beseech you, by the love you have for your angel daughter, not to poison her by bad example, nor wound her delicate spirit by bringing shame to her father. But shall I not give offence by even supposing that wives and mothers may be so lost to a proper sense of propriety? Dear sisters, forgive me if I offend, but hearken to my advice.

"To your wholesome precepts and good examples, dear parents, you are advised to add prudence in your indulgence of the desires of your children, and wisdom where you feel compelled to deny. By no means deprive your children of pleasures which are innocent, and which lead to no inconvenience. When you deem it proper to deny their requests, be careful that they are made to perceive that their benefit is the object of the denial. In this way you will secure their love and their confidence, and by this possession you will find your task of government easy and pleasant. I most fervently beg of you not to punish your children cruelly for their faults, nor allow them to be unreasonably punished by their instructors. The practice is growing out of use; but there remains too much of it still. Rods will harden; kind words will soften.

"But I must not forget to give some advice to children, as well as to their parents. Children, you are most precious in the sight of God; you are his heritage. You are most precious in the sight of your Saviour; you are most precious in the eyes of him who now advises you. Hearken to the injunction of that apostle who was specially commissioned to preach the gospel to the Gentile nations. Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for

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this is right. Honor thy father and mother (which is the first commandment with promise), that it may be well with thee, thou mayest live long on the earth.' your parents, you must obey them. longer than you; they have had more experience; they are therefore capable of giving you good counsel and profitable advice; and, as they have no interest to serve but the promotion of your benefit, you may safely yield your judgments to theirs, and your inclinations to their directions and restraints."

CHAPTER XVI.

PROF. STUART'S ATTEMPT TO DEPRIVE UNIVERSALISTS OF THE POWER TO MAKE OATH; HUDSON'S LETTERS; BALFOUR'S ESSAYS; REV. M. RAYNER; REV. LYMAN

BEECHER.

FROM JUNE 1827 TO JUNE 1828.

SECTION I.- SOUTHERN ASSOCIATION AT SPRINGFIELD.

IN June, Mr. Ballou journeyed to Springfield, Mass., for the purpose of attending the Southern Association of Universalists, which met in that place, the residence, at the time, of Rev. L. R. Paige. During the occasion Mr. P. was installed as pastor of the Universalist society in that town. The services of both days, excepting those of the evening, were held in the Unitarian church. Mr. Ballou preached at the installation, from 1 John 4: 14; and the theme of the sermon was salvation,-"The Father sent the Son to be the Saviour of the world." It was a highly doctrinal and creed-searching discourse. The main question was, From what evils did Jesus Christ come to save men? Here he passed in review the mandevised systems of salvation, such as deliverance from God's wrath, from the curse of the divine law, from a totally-depraved nature, from the just punishment of sin,

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