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all shall be gathered together in one in Christ; that all in heaven and earth shall be reconciled in Christ; that all shall in Christ be made alive, who die in Adam; and that all who have borne the image of Adam shall bear the image of Christ; that all shall bow before him, and confess him Lord, to the glory of God, and that every creature in existence shall, to the approbation of the four and twenty elders, sing, Worthy is the Lamb. That God's will shall be done in earth as in heaven. This cannot be, until there shall be none sinners, none mortal or dead.

"How glorious! How suitable to man! How honorable to God! In what harmony with the angels' song! In what harmony with the Saviour's declaration, to give all flesh eternal life!

"Here will I set up my rest;

My fluctuating heart
From the haven of his breast
Shall never more depart.'

"These things are faithful and true, and will stand forever.”

But, alas! Elias Smith could not avoid change. He was "carried about with every wind of doctrine." We have no doubt he felt all he said on that occasion; but, like the apostle Peter before his Master's resurrection, he did not know how feeble he was.

A matter of much more importance, which cheered the heart of Mr. Ballou about this time, was the publication of Mr. Balfour's Inquiry, for which the Universalist public had been looking for several months. It was a grand work for that day, and animated the hearts of thousands of good men. Mr. Ballou had labored for years to

* The title was, " An Inquiry into the Scriptural Import of the Words Sheol, Hades, Tartarus and Gehenna: all translated Hell, in the common English version. By Walter Balfour." Charlestown: 1824. The first edition was a large octavo of 448 pages.

bring men to entertain the views taken by Mr. Balfour in this work; and he therefore felt no common degree of satisfaction in seeing those views adopted by a man of Mr. Balfour's repute for learning and candor. Mr. Balfour had not learned his opinions from Universalists, but from a diligent, careful and honest study of the sacred Scriptures, with a sincere desire to know what is truth. This course brought him out where Mr. Ballou had arrived before him; but Mr. Ballou said, in his meekness of spirit, that it made him inexpressibly happy to see "that what he had feebly endeavored to vindicate" was 66 espoused by a man of abilities and endowments which are compatible with the vast merits of the subject." He hailed Mr. Balfour as a fellow-laborer; he exerted all his influence to give encouragement to the man, and circulation to his book. He caused a notice of it to be published, in which he said:

"This work is recommended to Universalists as being wonderfully calculated to show the true meaning of those passages in which the word hell occurs, and to prove that in its legitimate sense it gives no support to the gloomy doctrine of a future state of sinfulness and misery.

"This work is recommended to the clergy who continue to preach the doctrine of eternal torments in hell, as a work which cannot fail to redeem their minds from the worst of all bondage, and bring them into the enjoyment of that faith and hope which correspond and harmonize with their benevolent desires and prayers, that they are in the habit of offering for all men.

“The attention of the public, and of every Christian denomination, is most fervently solicited to this work, it being an effort of much labor, designed for the purpose of accommodating both the learned and the unlearned with an understanding of many important facts relative to divine revelation, calculated to show

that the sacred oracles give no support to a doctrine which has so long repelled the heart, and tended to infidelity. Freed from this cloud of darkness and error, rendered dense by blind tradition, the divine oracles shine forth in their native splendor; nor will they fail to attract every eye, nor to irradiate and warm every heart.”

Mr. Ballou had no envy to gratify. He hailed every new co-worker with great joy, and still kept praying to "the Lord of the harvest that he would send forth laborers into his harvest."


But, if there were joys this year, there were also sorrows. Several of Mr. B.'s friends had passed away. We cannot fail to mention one, an old man, whom we distinctly recollect,-Salmon Dutton, Esq., of Cavendish, Vt. He was a believer of Universalism almost ten years before Mr. Ballou began to preach. The last session of the General Convention which this man ever attended was the one at Warner, in 1822, one of the most precious meetings ever holden on earth. From Warner, father Dutton travelled to Boston, where he called on Mr. Ballou. On this journey he took a cold, and a disease set in from which he never recovered, although he lived nearly two years. As he drew near the gates of death, he desired to hear from Mr. Ballou once more before he died; and, calling one of his grandsons (A. Wheeler, jr.) to his bed-side, he requested him to write down the words as he uttered them.

"Cavendish, May 7, 1824.

"DEAR BROTHER: These are to inform you of the present situation of my body and mind. I have not enjoyed a well day since I saw you in Boston, about the 24th or 25th of September, 1822, which was caused by my taking a bad cold, the day after convention, on my way to Boston. I have experienced but little pain during my sickness, and my mind has been very calm and clear, and my judgment and memory remain unimpaired. By a long and happy experience, I find the sentiment I embraced more than forty years ago, which was in the meridian of my life (being now in my eighty-first year), to be a good sentiment to live by, as it is a faith which works by love, and purifies the heart, and causes the subject to put his trust in God. This sentiment I obtained by a persevering and prayerful search of the Scriptures; which I was induced to, by the different and contradictory systems that were taught in the world. It was my heart's desire and prayer to God that the truth might be made clear to my understanding. This was all previous to my having any human aid. I think that the writings of Shippie Townsend, of Boston, and a book written by James Relly, were among the first on the subject which I read, and which proved very instructive to my mind. I think it was not many years afterwards when I formed an acquaintance with yourself, and in a short time our acquaintance became very intimate, and from your preaching and private conversation I have received much instruction and edification. I am constrained to make mention of this, from sincere and humble gratitude to God for so great favors bestowed on me, through your instrumentality. I find it is not only a good principle to live by, but also to die by, as it has been a great source of comfort in my old age, and bed of sickness. My meditations have been sweet and comfortable, free from any fearful apprehensions of an hereafter.

“I view myself now very near my end; and, if I could receive a consolatory letter from you before I depart, informing me of your health and enjoyment, and such other matter as you may think proper, it would be very gratefully received.

"This letter being written verbatim from my own words, Ι wish to have it read in the same way and manner as though I

had written it myself. And so I remain your sincere and loving brother, SALMON DUTTON.'*

Such was the sentiment of the aged believer on his death-bed, for he died in a very short time after this letter was despatched. The doctrine he had long believed comforted him in the trying hour. He wished to give his dying testimony to the efficacy of the truth. He loved Mr. Ballou, from whose conversations he had enjoyed much consolation, and he desired one more communication from him. Mr. B. immediately sat down, and addressed him as follows:


"Boston, May 11, 1824.

"I return you my sincere thanks for your favor of the 7th instant. Although it gives me to understand that there is no probability of my ever having the satisfaction of seeing you again in this transitory world, yet it presents me with your dying testimony in honor of that blessed faith which you long since sought and found, and which you have ever esteemed as a most precious treasure.

"The opposers of this faith have often said that it would do to live by, but that it would fail of giving consolation in death. You, dear brother, are enabled to assure your friends and the world that the doctrine which embraces the whole human family as heirs of immortality and eternal life, which are brought to light through the gospel, has been a constant source of comfort in life,

*The friends of Mr. Ballou were found among the most substantial inhabitants of the places where he was known. The Gazetteer of Vermont makes honorable mention of Salmon Dutton. Speaking of Cavendish, it says, "There are two villages, namely, Duttonsville and Proctorsville. Duttonsville derives its name from Salmon Dutton, Esq., the first principal inhabitant."- History of Vermont, by Zadock Thompson. Part III., p. 48.

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