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But no book, of any length, is without these. The common reader, if not told by a critic where to find them, never perceives them at all. Our author will, probably, correct some of his own in a future edition;-for a future edition, and more than one, we hope to see.

The typography of the volume before us is very handsome; and in the style of execution in which it appears, it is a cheap volume. But we suggest, with deference to the author, that a still cheaper edition, which might notwithstanding wear a creditable appearance, would probably be more acceptable to a number who may wish to read his book, and who ought to read it.

Agreeably to the intimation already given, we now close our review, with stating the contents of the volume which has been the subject of it.

LETTER I. Introductory remarks-Zeal of Unitarians to propagate their opinions-Design of these Letters-Attention to the subject earnestly requested-Leading articles of the Unitarian Creed-The present no sectarian dispute -Importance of the points in controversy.-p. 9-35.

LETTER II. Prejudices cherished by many against Orthodoxy-FIRST Prejudice, that Orthodoxy is austere and repulsive-Considered, and an attempt made to remove it-SECOND Prejudice, that Orthodoxy lays too much stress on opinions-Shewn to be unfounded-Unitarians have, at different times, made themselves equally liable to this charge-THIRDLY; the spirit of Orthodoxy is a persecuting Spirit-Refuted.-p. 36—70.

LETTER III. Subject continued-FOURTH Prejudice-against every thing Mysterious in Religion-Examined, and shewn to be unreasonable-Danger of adopting it as a general principle-FIFTH Prejudice-The authority of Great Names-This plea wholly unsound, and unscriptural-So far as it has force, proved to be more in favour of Orthodoxy than of Unitarianism.-p. 71–110.

LETTER IV. The Scriptures the only rule of faith and practice-Testimony of Scripture decisive in favour of Orthodoxy-The Early Fathers equally clear in support of the same-Barnabas-Clemens Romanus-Polycarp-Ignatius-Irenæus-Theophilus-Justin Martyr-Melito-Athenagoras-TatianClemens Alexandrinus-Andronicus-Tertullian-Minucius Felix-OrigenCyprian-Dionysius of Alexandria-Novatian-Arnobius-Lactantius-Gregory Thaumaturgus-Athanasius-Martyrs worshipped Christ.-p. 111-148.

LETTER V. Subject continued-Testimony drawn from the Heresies of the first four centuries-Cerinthians-Ebionites-Marcion-Theodotus-Artemon -Noetus-Praxeas-Paul of Samosata-Arius-Macedonius-These heretics denied the name of Christians-Their Baptisms pronounced void-Testimony of Pagans-Pliny-Hierocles-Celsus-Lucian-Witnesses of the Truth-Paulicians-Waldenses-Wickliffites-Hussites-Reformers-Remarks on this tes

timony.-p. 149-190.

LETTER VI. Unitarians reject the inspiration of the Scriptures-Difference between them and the Orthodox with respect to the proper office of Reason in examining revelation-Objections to the Unitarian principle on this subject-Quotations from Unitarian writers, shewing that they really act upon the principle ascribed to them-Specimens of Unitarian exposition-Consequences of this mode of expounding the word of God.-p. 191-234.

LETTER VII. Truth to be tried by its practical influence-Objections to Unitarianism on this ground-Unitarianism disposed to deny or conceal its principles-Indifferent to truth-Hostile to the exercises of Vital Piety-Deficient in yielding support and consolation in Death-Unfriendly to the Spirit of Missions-Every where more agreeable to Infidels, than any other system which bears the Christian name.-p. 235–278.

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LETTER VIII. Objections likely to be made by Unitarians to the foregoing statements-Answer-Advice with respect to the proper manner of treating Unitarians-Reasons in support of that advice-Concluding Remarks and Counsels. p. 279-312.

Summary of Intelligence.


Extract of a Letter from a Gentleman in London, to his Friend in Philadelphia, dated November 23, 1821.

"Dr. Pinkerton paid a visit lately to this country from St. Petersburgh, which led to new measures for carrying on translations and editions of the Holy Scriptures in that quarter. Drs. Paterson and Henderson had proceeded as far as Astrachan, when lately heard from, and were about to visit the Missionary establishment in the neighbourhood of Mount Caucasus, before passing down the shores of the Caspian.

"The state of affairs in Turkey has, for the present, interrupted the prosecution of the work at Constantinople. The Greek Archimandrite, who was engaged in it, was still in safety, when last heard of; and it is hoped that he has been enabled to escape to a place of greater security. Humanity mourns over the sad scenes of barbarous ferocity which have been, for some time past, presented in that dark quarter of the earth, once blessed with the light of divine revelation, and prays that the passing events may be mercifully overruled to dispel the thick darkness, in which its inhabitants are enveloped, by introducing the light and purity of Christianity. The signs of the times encourage us to hope that the period may not be far distant when the influence of the false prophet shall be brought to a perpetual end, and this delusion, also, pass away before the bright rising of the Sun of Righteousness. A general union amongst Christians of all denominations for imploring the outpouring of the Spirit from on high, may shortly afford an indication that the set time to favour Zion is fast approaching. In various parts of the world a peculiarly favourable impression seems to be made, on this important subject; and connecting the various events that are taking place, in very distant and remote parts, we are encouraged to look for still greater things, in the downfall of the empire of satan and the extension of Messiah's kingdom on the earth.

"Within two or three years past, a Home Missionary Society has been established here, which promises very beneficial effects in penetrating dark and obscure villages which are, in many quarters of our land, still unblessed with the gospel ministry. County associations, also, come in aid of this society in discovering the unenlightened spots, and facilitating the communications. Of late there is a great addition to the means of public worship, in the establishment, by the erection of many churches, for which a million sterling was, some time since, granted by parliament; and, as there are continual accessions to the Evangelical preachers, in the church, a way is thus provided for the more extensive diffusion of divine truth. O! that devout and importunate supplications may be more generally excited in connexion with the various external means, now in active operation, in our respective countries, and in other parts of the world, for the accompanying influences of the Holy Spirit, which alone can render them effectual, and make this moral wilderness rejoice and blossom as the rose!"



Extracts from Mr. Parson's Journal while at Jerusalem.

Feb. 17, 1821. Entered Jerusalem by Jaffa gate, five minutes before 5 o'clock in the afternoon. Soon after passing the gate, we turned to the north, and in a

few minutes arrived at the house of Procopius, to whom I had letters of introduction. The servant at the door informed us, that he was in the church for evening prayers. Without a moment's delay I hastened thither, to unite with the professed followers of Christ upon Mount Calvary, and to render thanks to God for the happy termination of my voyage to the Holy City. The church is but a few steps from the place, where, it is supposed, stood the cross. On entering, I was not a little surprised to find it so richly and neatly furnished. It is called the church of St. Constantine, and is the place to which all the bishops, (five in number,) with their numerous attendants, resort for morning and evening service. Every thing was conducted with a pleasing stillness and regularity, becoming so holy a place.


After service of thirty minutes, I returned, and presented my letters to Procopius. Conversation was directed to the exertions which the Protestants are making to promote the diffusion of the holy scriptures. They replied: "We believe the Protestants to be our friends." In a few moments, I was conducted to the room, which had been put in readiness for me, by the request of the Russian consul. It is near to the holy sepulchre, and contains many convenient apartments. My trunks had arrived in safety. In the evening, we read from the Greek Testament the account of our Saviour's sufferings and death, and endeavoured to consecrate our rooms to Him, who here gave his life for the world.


Feb. 18. At an early hour, I was reminded, by the crowing of a cock, of Peter, who denied his Lord and Master. In view of so affecting a subject, I could only say: "Cause me to know the way, wherein I should walk; for I lift my soul to thee.”

After breakfast, Procopius called upon me, repeated his willingness to aid me to the extent of his power, and bade me welcome to all the privileges of the monastery. The day passed with great tranquillity. At three o'clock, went to the Greek church, and heard selections read from the Psalms of David. In this city, the pious psalmist breathed out his soul to his God, and to our God. Here he wept for sinners. "Rivers of water run down mine eyes, because they keep not thy law." His prayers are registered in Heaven, and will be had in everlasting remembrance.

(To be continued.)


R. P. & C. Williams, Boston, have just published an edition of "Venn's Sermons," three vols. in two, on a new pica type and handsome paper. Reviews of these sermons may be seen in "The Christian Observer,” vol. xiv. p. 26, vol. xvii. p. 655.

Anthony Finley, Philadelphia, has in press, and will publish in a few weeks, "A Brief Account of the Rise, Progress, and Present State of the Theological Seminary of the Presbyterian Church in the United States, at Princeton (N.J.), including the Constitution of said Seminary, &c."

Those of our readers, who have observed the operations of the British and Foreign Bible Society, will recollect, that Procopius is the agent of that noble institution, and takes charge of the sale and distribution of the Scriptures. As he is also an assistant of the Patriarch of Jerusalem, and himself president of all the Greek monasteries, it is a peculiarly auspicious circumstance, that he is heartily engaged in the Bible cause. [Editor of the Missionary Herald.

The Treasurer of the Trustees of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church, acknowledges the receipt of the following sums for their Theological Seminary at Princeton, N. J. during the month of February last, viz.

Of Robert Ralston, Esq. the donation of Mr. James Black, for the Contingent Fund

$1.50 10 00

Of Mr. John McMullin, his third instalment for the Permanent Fund
Of John Stillé, Esq. in full of his subscription for ditto

100 00

Of ditto, his first and second instalments for the professorship to be endowed by the Synod of Philadelphia

100 00

Of a female communicant of the Sixth Presbyterian Church in Philadelphia, for the same professorship*

50 00

Of Rev. George Reid, two instalments of Rev. Thomas Alexander, Salem, S. C. for the Professorship to be endowed by the Synod of South Carolina and Georgia

100 00

Two ditto, of Robert Means, Esq. Beaufort, S. C. for ditto
Mrs. Wm. Irvine, Mount Zion, S. C. for ditto
Mrs. McBride, Salem, S. C. for ditto

Salem Union Auxiliary Society, for ditto
Received same time, of Mr. Reid, $25, from the Salem Union
Auxiliary Society, for the Education Society of the General As-
sembly, which was paid to the treasurer of that society.

Of Rev. George Reid, two instalments of Wm. Wilson, jr. Esq. Johns
Island, S. C. for the same Professorship

100 00

40 00

60 00


100 00

Two ditto of James Legare, Esq. same island, for ditto
One ditto of Miss Eliza Grimball, Charleston, S. C. for ditto
One ditto of Mrs. A. Flinn, of ditto, for ditto

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One ditto of John Grimball, Esq. of ditto, for ditto
One ditto of Mrs. S. MIlhenny, of ditto, for ditto

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And in full of the subscription of Mr. John Hoff, Charleston, S. C. for a scholarship

50 00

of Mr. Nathaniel Concklin, per Mr. Krebs, for the scholarship to be endowed by the Eumenean Society

20 00

Of Mr. Samuel D. Henderson, from the Female Cent Society of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, for the Students' Fund

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18 50

Total $1101 00

To Correspondents.

Several valuable communications have been received, which shall be inserted as soon as we can find room for them.

The length of two or three pieces in this number, which could not be divided without injuring them, has excluded several short articles of intelligence, and has also obliged us to postpone the balance of two communications, which were given, in part, in our last number.

The benevolent donor of these $50 says, "After reading in the Presbyterian Magazine, for this month, a short notice of the wants of the Theological Seminary at Princeton, N. J., I cheerfully send you the enclosed fifty dollars, which you will please add to the fund which the Synod of Philadelphia are endeavouring to raise, for the endowment of a professorship in that important and useful institution."


Presbyterian Magazine.

APRIL, 1822.




It is generally known that the Presbyterian Church differs from some other denominations, in her views of the Lord's Supper, and in her mode of administering it. It is proposed, in the following paper, to give a very brief sketch of the history of this ordinance, chiefly in reference to these points of difference. Other points will not be noticed; not only for the sake of brevity; but also because there is, concerning them, little diversity either of sentiment or of practice among Christians.

The Lord's Supper has been sometimes said to be the gospel epitomized and embodied. It does, indeed, present to the eye of faith, a lively, striking, and practical synopsis of evangelical truth. And it will generally be found to be a delightful and edifying ordinance to the communicant, just in proportion to the degree in which the divinity and atonement of Christ, and the doctrine of justification by faith in his blood, are dear to his heart. And, on the other hand, just in proportion as professing Christians, either disbelieve the divinity and atonement of the Saviour; or, while they acknowledge them in words, make little of them in practice, will the Lord's Supper, either lose its interest altogether, or be turned into an idol, and become itself an object of superstitious worship, instead of serving as a memorial of spiritual blessings, and a medium of approach to the proper object of worship, of confidence, and of supreme love. The truth of this remark is at once confirmed and exemplified, by the Socinians on the one hand, and by the Papists on the other. With the former, the holy communion loses almost all its meaning and its value, because all the great truths which it presupposes and represents, are denied.-With the latter, while they speak much of the merits of Christ, the humble and simple VOL. II.-Presb. Mag.


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