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TIAN SCHOOLS; and their contributions in the year 1849, while decimated by a wasting epidemic, to different religious objects, over Seven thousand Dollars!

Statesmen and philosophers, and socialist reformers, have started innumerable plans and theories for the improvement of our race and the reconstruction of society. But while we behold here a triumph of the Gospel over the direst combination of evil influences, what instance is there on record, in the annals of the human family, of a nation emerging from barbarism by any other means, and ascending to a moral position so eminent, in a single generation? Is there any other agency known to man, but the "foolishness of preaching," capable of producing such results? We say

with certainty, No, there is not.

Had Napoleon obtained for France to the full his three wishes-"I desire Ships, Colonies, and Commerce❞—they would never have done for France, or for the countries colonized and traded with, what Christianity has done for the Island Heart of the Pacific. The transformation here accomplished is little less than miraculous.

Never, in the history of man, has so great a change been effected in so short a time. Where robbery and murder but a few years ago were practised as trades, and were events of every-day occurrence, life and property are now safer than under any long-established government that can be named. Great as is the Hawaiian love of waiwai, (property,) and degraded and bad as they still are in many ways, yet such is now the force

of law and the effect of the Gospel, that we might almost say a man may travel afoot and by canoe, through the entire cluster of Islands, from Hawaii to Niihau, and with a net bag of shining dollars, without fear of molestation, unless it be from some desperate runaway foreigner, or a straggling Hawaiian sailor, hardened by his cruises abroad. If the same be true of any other land, we have yet to know it. To the Gospel, that has wrought the change, be all the glory.

Christianity as the Cause, Commerce and Civilization as the consequents and handmaids, have done it all. Without the missionary, carry to them all you could of modern art and culture, Hawaiians to this day would have lived and died in as besotted and gross barbarism as in the days of Cook. God would not be in all their thoughts; and where God is not honored, civilization can neither be established, nor can it hold its own. It was because the glorious Gospel of the Son of God went first to this Island Heart of the Pacific in the year 1820, that facts like the following turn up in the year 1850.

When the Sandwich Islands Mission was first started, a young wheelwright in Massachusetts was called upon to contribute for it, and was told that his quota would be a dollar. He paid it, but with the feeling then that the dollar was thrown away. Within the present year this same wheelwright has received an order from those Islands for twenty pairs of cart-wheels and bodies, at ninety dollars a pair.

Now we say with confidence, that without the Chris



tianity there* which this wheelwright's first dollar helped to establish, Commerce, with all its boasted facilities, could never have returned him the eighteen hundred. And the fact shows that, if men wish to invest their money where it will yield a dividend of eighteen hundred per cent., they had better put it into the treasury of Missions.

The religion of the Gospel is the only lever that can pry up the nations, and put them in the way of improvement by commerce and civilization. Christianity is itself the most perfect civilizer hitherto discovered. John Williams very truly remarks, that, until the peo

The money-value of Christianity at the Sandwich Islands is further shown in these two facts. A plantation on the Island of Maui, which a few years ago cost less than $5000, has recently (in 1851) been sold for $30,000; and a small store-lot at Honolulu, purchased of a chief about the time of the arrival of the missionaries for a mere trifle, has lately sold for $10,000.

The gross domestic exports from the Islands in 1849 were valued at $103,743.74. In 1850, $380,323.63. Increase more than three-fold. Gross value of imports in 1849, $729,730.44. In 1850, $1,053,053.70. Increase nearly two-fold. Number of vessels that visited the Islands in 1849-Merchant vessels, 180; whalers, 274; vessels of war, 13: total, 467. In 1850:-Merchant vessels, 469; whalers, 237; vessels of war, 14: total, 720. Value of supplies furnished these vessels in 1849, $81,340.00. In 1850, $140,000.00. Both the number of vessels and value of supplies nearly doubled in a year. The gross value of the supplies and exports for 1850 was $536,522.63. The exports of sugar increased from 653,820 lbs. in 1849, to 750,238 in 1850; of coffee, from 28,231 lbs. in 1849, to 208,428 in 1850; of Irish potatoes, from 858 bbls. in 1849, to 51,957 in 1850; of sweet potatoes, from 306 bbls. in 1849, to 9,631 in 1850.

The number of framed houses erected in Honolulu and vicinity during the year 1850 was three hundred and fifty.

ple are brought under the influence of religion, they have no desire for the arts and usages of civilized life; but that invariably creates it. While nations are under the power of their superstitions, they evince an inanity and torpor, from which no stimulus has proved powerful enough to arouse them, but the new ideas and new principles imparted by Christianity.

Was it that the savage Sandwich Islanders, in the days of Cook, did not discover God by the light of nature? Were not the invisible things of him from the creation of the world clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead?

Knew they not God?-They might have seen

His beauty in the glorious green

Of these fair Isles, and heard his voice

In Nature's song, that bade Rejoice!

And witnessed in the soil they trod,
Heaved up in coral wonder-God!
And marked HIS footsteps, bathed in wrath,
On the volcano's fiery path.

But all in vain ;--though every hill

Its Maker knew; each conscious rill,

Leaping and sparkling, told of HIM ;

Morn's blush, and Evening's twilight dim,
Proclaimed their God; though valleys rang,

And the blue-waved Pacific sang;

And mountain, mead, and rock replied,

“God! God!”—they heard not, raved, and died !—

God was not in all their thoughts until enthroned there by Christianity, brought in God's own providential time, and inaugurated in his own way in the Heart of the Pacific, so as best to answer the part to be fulfilled



by these Islands in the conquest of the entire Island World of the Pacific, and of the great continents that lie upon it, for the Lord Jesus Christ.

It is remarkable to notice how, in the providence of God, death to the first discoverer of the Sandwich Islands, and spiritual life to their depraved aborigines, should both issue instrumentally from the bosom of this Bay of Kealakekua. This was the birth-place of Opukahaia, or Obookiah, and it was his embarkation at this port, accidental as it seemed, in 1809, on board an American trader, that forged the important link in the chain of events which was finally completed in 1819, just ten years after, in the embarkation of the missionary band from Boston for Hawaii in the brig Thaddeus.

On board the American trader there was a pious student of Yale College, who took much pains on the voyage to America to instruct the tawny Hawaiian sailor in the rudiments of knowledge. Along with his companion, Thomas Hopu, he was taken, on their arrival, to New Haven, where the spark of missionary zeal may be said to have been first struck out, in the successful efforts of some of the students there, to initiate these youth into the elements of learning and Christianity. "The friends of Christ in New England were led to look upon these sons of Paganism, thus providentially brought to their doors, as having a claim for sympathy, care, and instruction in the Christian doctrine; and, in attempting to meet this claim, they cherished the reasonable hope that suitable efforts to enlight

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