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returned to the British House of Commons by Papal authority. Everywhere the same hostile and aggressive spirit is manifested, everywhere the battle is fought under the standard of clerical authority against civil independence. The question lies, not between this and that creed, but between national sovereignty and Romish subjection, between the power of every state and people to govern and to legislate as it thinks fit, and the surrender of that power to an occult but universal ascendancy which aspires to convert all lands and nations into the provinces and the slaves of its spiritual dominion.

". . . . The authority of Rome is directly opposed to the duties of legal obedience as defined by the national legislature, and to the fealty of the subject to the State and to the Crown. That is the ground on which we are bound by the love we bear to the rights of national independence to resist every form of Popish interference; and although at this time Europe lies prostrate beneath the combined forces of military despotism and spiritual bondage, the insatiable demands of Rome must one day be opposed by every Government capable of exercising independent power, unless that parasitic authority is to acquire universal supremacy, and to stop the progress of mankind."

We have seen, by

From the "Times" of August 18, 1852.-" recent experience in Ireland, that to vote for one Parliamentary candidate in preference to another is a religious question, involving the happiness or misery of the elector to all eternity. If this sanction has been found sufficient to extort obedience to the will of an electioneering priest, can we doubt that at least as much reverence will be paid to the decrees of a synod sanctioned and ratified by the Pope? And if so, is there not established within this country a Parliament owing allegiance to a foreign power claiming jurisdiction and authority over all Her Majesty's subjects and having power to enforce its laws?"

From an "Address to the Catholics of the United Kingdom, signed Paul, Archbishop of Armagh, Primate of all Ireland."-" Our venerated hierarchy and clergy, in the fulfilment of their duties, will inculcate the strict and religious duty of selecting as representatives of the people those men who are best fitted to support in the Imperial Parliament our religious rights."

"Mr. Connelly asks, 'What is understood by 'our rights?' Let Pius IX., explain. In his dealings with a neighbouring kingdom that Pontiff declares in an allocution to the Cardinals of the Church of Rome, delivered in the same month and the same year (September 1851) as the Address above quoted, that he hath taken this principle for basis, that the Catholic religion with all its rights ought to be exclusively dominant, in such sort that every other worship shall be banished and interdicted."

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From the Times of Sept. 14, 1852.—“. The whole system of Rome is founded on the claim of exclusive dominion. That claim is never dropped, and nowhere is it advanced with so little 'modesty and reserve as in the missives from St. Jarlath, and other fiery epistles every now and then discharged from the cells of the Irish hierarchy.

"The Papal power has never renounced its claim to the feudal sovereignty of England."-The Times, March 27.

We have never been great
Could O'Connell and

From the Times of August 10, 1852.—“ admirers of the collective body of Irish Members. since his time, could Dr. M'Hale have procured half a-dozen men of average talent and good character to do their work the result might have been different. But dirty work has this peculiarity, that it must be done by dirty agents. No one would willingly associate with them in private, or admit them to social intercourse in his own home. . . . . If these men fail in producing any effect upon the discussions of the House, or the convictions of the country, it is because everything about them is known to be false from first to last. The animation of their manner is false; the expression of their sympathy is false; their arguments and their facts are false, and have been answered

and disproved a thousand times. What wonder if falsehood fail in producing an effect when even truth is established with so much difficulty.'

What a practical commentary on 1 Timothy iv. 2, "Speaking lies in hypocrisy."

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ISLINGTON PROTESTANT INSTITUTE.-PRAYER USED AT THE MEETINGS OF THE INSTITUTE. Almighty God, who hast built Thy Church upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner-stone, and hast promised that the gates of hell shall not prevail against it; we approach Thee in the name of Him who is the one Mediator, the Way, the Truth, and the Life.

We praise and magnify Thy holy name for Thy distinguishing goodness towards us as inhabitants of this Christian land, and members of a Reformed and scriptural Church. [We adore Thy grace in that wonderful interposition of Thy providence, by which our fathers were rescued from the yoke of superstitious bondage, and taught to serve Thee in spirit and in truth.]

But we confess that we have not rendered again according to the benefit we have received. We have neither prized nor improved our privileges as we ought. [We have sinned, and our fathers have sinned, and we have reason to fear lest there should be wrath upon us and upon the people, and lest Thou shouldest pour out the spirit of slumber and delusion upon us.] Yet Thou art the same Lord, whose property is always to have mercy. Remember not our offences, nor the offences of our forefathers. Turn us again, O Lord God of hosts; cause Thy face to shine, and we shall be saved. Direct our hearts and minds by Thy Holy Spirit. Give us understanding of the times to know what we ought to do. Let Thy merciful help especially prevent and follow us as members of this Society. May we begin, continue, and end everything in Thee. [Let us not contend for names and words, but for Thy glory, and the truth of Thy Gospel.] Grant us a simple love of the truth, and an experimental acquaintance with it. [Let us not be "carried about with divers and strange doctrines," but let our hearts be "established with grace."]

And let us not only believe with the heart, but with the mouth make confession. With meekness of wisdom may we ever be ready to defend our principles and to protest against error. Let us unite holy zeal, boldness, and stedfastness, with a spirit of genuine charity. Grant us a right judgment in all things, Christian unanimity in our counsels, and perseverance in well-doing. [Keep us humble, depending entirely upon the promised grace and help of Thy Holy Spirit, and watchful, as those who are not ignorant of the devices of Satan.]

Raise up, we earnestly intreat Thee, champions for the truth; revive in our days the spirit of the martyrs and reformers of old. Spare to Thy Church those who are zealous for Thee. May the faithful never fail from among us, but let the rising youth be trained to walk in the good old paths.

And as Thou hast commanded prayers and intercessions to be made for all men, we beseech Thee for our sovereign lady, Queen Victoria, that she may ever be mindful of the responsibilities of her office and the obligation of her oath. Bless abundantly the Ministers of State. Guide and govern the Senate of our land. [Strengthen and encourage those Protestant representatives who are faithful to Thy cause; increase their influence, and add to their numbers. Pour out Thy Spirit upon all estates of the realm, the clergy and the laity, the rich and the poor. May they strive together, as members of one body, for the common faith. Let it please Thee to comfort and succour all oppressed Protestants, and confessors of the truth, enabling them to forgive their enemies, and to maintain their own stedfastness.] And very earnestly do we beseech thee to bring into the way of truth all such as have erred and are deceived. Strengthen such as do stand, and raise up them that fall.

[Finally, we commend ourselves and the work of our hands unto Thee, entreating Thee to accept our persons and our services, not weighing our

merits, but pardoning our offences; and so to overrule all events,—-nay, even the errors and infirmities of Thy servants,—to the advancement of Thy glory, and the good of Thy Church, that truth and liberty, piety and peace, may be established among us to all generations.]

These and all other mercies we humbly beg in the name and mediation of Jesus Christ, our most blessed Lord and Saviour. Amen.

N.B. The passages within brackets may be omitted at discretion.

MOVEMENTS OF ROME. In our own country (America), Rome has taken two steps the last month (March, 1852). One has been the bringing forward of a Bill in the Legislature of New York, to vest in Archbishop Hughes and the other Roman Catholic bishops of the State of New York and their successors, all the rights and titles of the property which may belong to the Roman Church in their dioceses. Should this Bill become a law, it will give the Archbishop the control of every Roman Catholic Church edifice, and all other property, which may belong to any Roman Catholic congregation in the entire state. Such a monstrous grasping after power we hope will never be sustained by any Legislature in this land. It would enable him not only to oppress the churches and congregations of his own flock, but to wield a power dangerous to our political institutions, and foreign to our Republican ideas and feelings. We are happy to be able to state, that the proposition meets with great opposition from even Roman Catholics, Buffalo taking the lead. It is high time that Protestants should wake up to a strenuous opposition to the proposed measure.

On Monday night, March 8th, Archbishop Hughes pronounced an oration in Metropolitan Hall, in this city, in which he gave what he called a " Catholic Chapter," from our history as a nation. His chief object was to expose the falsehood of the assumption that this country is a Protestant country! Vain work this. If it is not Protestant, what is it? It was almost all settled originally by Protestant colonies. The Protestant religion was almost the only religion of the land for 150 years. The laws are, in their spirit, Protestant, as are the customs of the people. To be sure, this country has been opened, and by Protestants, to immigrants of every faith, and from almost every land. Nearly every vestige of laws unfavourable to Romanists and Jews and unbelievers, has disappeared from the statute-books of every state in our glorious Union. And Protestantism, and the liberal influence which Protestantism has created among us, has made this country a desirable home for Romanists, come from what quarter soever of the world they may. When and where, we would ask, has Romanism done anything like this for Protestants, or, indeed, for any other religionists? When and where, we repeat the question, has Rome made a country like this?

In the meanwhile, Romanism is rapidly gaining ground among us, as we learn from a speech which Archbishop Hughes recently made in this city. Ten or eleven new churches are needed, he says, to accommodate the increase of the Roman Catholic population of New York and its environs, which he estimates at 200,000! The Archbishop deals in large statistics we know, but this statement, if it be anything like true, is a sufficient warrant to call for vastly increased exertions on the part of our Protestant Churches. Alas! they have been sleeping too long over this great subject,-the spiritual wants of our rapidly increasing population of a Papal character.

LIBERAL AND ACCEPTABLE AID.-The Presbyterian Church in Mercerstreet, in this city, under the pastoral care of the Rev. Mr. Prentiss, made a collection of nearly 1,500 dollars, after a sermon delivered by the pastor, in behalf of our Society, on the last Sabbath of February. This eloquent and most able exposition of the objects and enforcement of the claims of the Society we hope will be preached in other churches. What is to be done for the two or three millions of Roman Catholics among us? And still they come, they come. From the American and Foreign Christian Union, April, 1852.

Cabinet.

"TRADITION. The use of letters, is the principal circumstance that distinguishes a civilized people from a herd of savages, incapable of knowledge and reflection. Without that artificial help, the human memory soon dissipates, or corrupts the ideas intrusted to her charge; and the nobler faculties of the mind, no longer supplied with models or with materials, gradually forget their powers, the judgment becomes feeble and lethargic, the imagination languid, or irregular. Fully to apprehend this important truth, let us attempt in an improved society, to calculate the immense distance between the man of learning and the illiterate peasant. The former by reading and reflection, multiplies his own experience, and lives in distant ages and remote countries; whilst the latter, rooted to a single spot, and confined to a few years of existence, surpasses but very little, his fellow-labourer the ox, in the exercise of his mental faculties. The same, and even a greater difference will be found between nations, than between individuals; and we may safely pronounce, that without some species of writing, no people has ever preserved the faithful annals of their history-ever made any considerable progress in the abstract sciences, or ever possessed, in any tolerable degree of perfection, the useful and agreeable arts of life."

"Nothing does so besot the mind, and extinguish in it all sense of Divine things, as sensual pleasures. If we fall in love with them, they will take off our thoughts from religion, and steal away our hearts from God. For no man can serve two masters; and the carnal mind is enmity against God.”— Tillotson.

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Entelligence.

DUBLIN, SEPT. 21.-THE CRUSADE AGAINST THE IRISH CHURCH.-The "religious equality" movement, the paternity of which is due to Mr. Geo. Henry Moore, has received a potent auxiliary in the person of "John, Archbishop of Tuam." In the "Freeman of this morning there appears a monster epistle from the pen of that meek and unobtrusive prelate, addressed to Dr. Cahill's pet correspondent, the Earl of Derby. Twothirds at least of this effusion are devoted to the subject of proselytism in the west, or, as "his Grace's" organ wrathfully describes it, "the spasmodic effort made to get up the semblance of proselytism, in order to sustain the reality of a bloated and sinecure Establishment." The "bloated Establishment," however, is evidently the question which occupies the foremost place in "his Grace's" thoughts, as

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"St Jarlath's, Tuam, Feast of the Seven Dolours of the Blessed Virgin, 1852.

In

"My Lord,-Amid the anxiety and alarm which have seized the adherents of the Protestant Establishment in Ireland, they must look to some more efficient props to uphold its tottering existence, than the clumsy fictions which they are not ashamed to scatter about its imaginary extension. vain are they endeavouring by such weak expedients to avert its impending doom. They may fancy that because they have been hitherto imposing on the English people, and gathering funds by an indulgence in all the licentiousness of slander, they may still be permitted to enjoy the same privileges of imposition in a continuous immunity from exposure. They ap

pear, however, to feel that they have been somewhat mistaken in their calculations. The result of the recent elections in Ireland has filled them with an alarm which they are awkwardly endeavouring to conceal; and the loudness and audacity of their boasts, at a time when the world has witnessed the decline of the Parliamentary Establishment, and the vigorous reaction of a people whom its votaries proclaimed to be prostrate, are but too evident signs of their terrible apprehensions.

"We can, then, afford those trembling functionaries the illusive privilege of fancying they are progressing, while we can exhibit to the judgment of the impartial, incontestable evidence that the fate of the Protestant Establishment is sealed. The 'Times,' the faithful organ of the Establishment-if such a wayward and capricious thing can deserve the name -may fret, and fume, and roar, and again and again labour out the dusky volumes of its tiring rage on the incorrigible tenacity with which the Celtic race cling to ancient usages; and other less noisy, and as harmless literary engines, may follow in the same train. They are all doing our work, and unconscious instruments, as well as witnesses of the ruin of the Protestant Establishment, since they are diffusing far and wide the terrors that have seized its supporters.

"They may transfer into their mercenary columns the stupid and clumsy fabrications of their Irish Protestant correspondents on the progress of what they call the reformation in Ireland, and of the new-born relish of the people for the chasteness and the beauty of the morality that illustrates it in England. Your Lordship, I trust, will readily believe, with the 'Times,' that the Celtic people are tenacious of antiquity, and, above all, of the antiquity of their faith, and its pure morality; and, therefore, the English people should be slow in believing that the Irish, notwithstanding their long acquaintance with the Saxon race, have not fallen in love with that brutal system of social demoralization, which, like a foul cancer, has eaten up all domestic virtue and morality in England, as is unhappily exemplified

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by so many recent trials for infanticide by unmarried women, all which prac tices, if we are to believe the panegyrists of this moral people, are the taneous fruits of that Protestant system which they are labouring, but thank God, in vain, to propagate in Ireland." The "lion then with a deep growl of satisfaction, asks the Prime Minister whether the return of "eleven Catholic representatives out of the scanty quota of thirteen from the province of Connaught, and in the face of the most frightful opposition," affords any proof or presumption of any extraordinary additions for the Saxon Establishment among the Celtic inhabitants of the western region? Deciding the question in the negative, "his Grace proceeds to tell the "bloated Establishment what is in store for it :

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Yes, it is this conviction of the deep-seated reverence of the Catholic people of Ireland for their religion, and their unconquerable resolve not only to maintain it but to carry on a vigorous, and legitimate, and constitutional opposition to the Moloch of the Establishment, that has recently sent over such a motley crew of parsons and readers to this country, and is sending back, by way of a commercial interchange, such huge cargoes of lies and inventions regarding their triumphs in the west of Ireland. Such artifices will no longer do, for in the fate of every successive Administration that refuses to extinguish this national nuisance it will appear that the days of the Establishment are numbered. When pressed by the serried array of half the representatives of Ireland, who can break up a more vigorous Administration than yours, to relieve at once the country from this incubus that has oppressed all its energies, it will not do to adjure them to wait until you see the result of the new ninth or tenth reformation in the regions of the south or west of Ireland. No, they will not wait; nor will they listen to those arguments of persuasion which Tory as well as Whig Ministers know so well how to wield; for this very Celtic people, who are represented in England as Protestant converts, have instructed their representatives not to wait, nor take office,

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