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That Bill has now passed the House of Lords.

It was read a first time in the House of Commons on Friday evening, and on Monday the 13th, it is to be read a second time!

There is time and opportunity yet to defeat it in the House of Commons. It ought not to be made the law of the land. It need not be, if, even now, Protestants will petition; will address their Representatives; will form deputations to wait upon them; and Hon. Members in the House of Commons will resolve, that so great an innovation shall not so suddenly and needlessly be made in the Constitution of this country.

Shall it be said, that to petition is vain? Will Protestants be lulled to inactivity, because the efforts against the grant to Maynooth College, were not successful? True, they were not permitted to stop the grant: but yet the Protestant energies of the country were aroused by that and subsequent efforts: and the result of the late General Election has been a House of Commons, more resolved on principle to oppose Popery, and defend our institutions from Rome's ambitious designs.

There is then cause to hope that the efforts made to defeat this Bill will not be without some success. If supported by personal appeals to the various Protestant Members of Parliament, much may be done. If they see an enlightened, principled, intelligent, vigorous Christian opposition evinced, they may resolve, that the Bill shall not be hastily passed; may altogether reject the measure; and thus, for the present, at least, postpone, and perhaps altogether defeat, the attempt to legislate for the British empire, through the instrumentality of the Court of Rome.

What so urgent need is there for the adoption of this measure?

For three hundred years this country has been without the presence of a Nuncio from the Pope. Those three hundred years have been the most glorious for our country,-the cause of religion,-humanity, and civilization. Why, then, resume that yoke cast off by our ancestors? Why patiently endure to have replaced upon our necks that yoke of Papal power and interference which neither we nor our fathers were able to bear?

Protestant Dissenters, and politicians of each party, are interested in opposing this dangerous measure. Should Dissenters, from unfriendliness to the Church of England, take a part in bringing again into authority the Romish Apostasy, it will be to their own cost, no less than that of the Church of England. Romanism knows not toleration. If they have found, in gone-by times, the power of the Church of England heavy, they will find that of the Church of Rome far heavier.

There is now more than ever a need of unity amongst Protestants, and an expression of a determinate resolution, that whatever unhappy divisions may have prevailed, and yet be in existence amongst themselves, they are resolved to act upon the old established and long recognised maxim, that the Bishop of Rome has no jurisdiction in this realm of England, and shall never, by the intrigues or thunders of the Vatican, entrap the people,-or intimidate the Government of this country.

When an Ambassador from Rome is received here, his authority

will sanction much which we now disapprove of, and liberty of conscience and action will by degrees be impaired.

You are earnestly requested to make known the subject of these papers. The enclosed form of petition may be adopted, and should be signed and sent in without delay.

Any communications from you, addressed as above, will be gladly received.

I have the honour to remain, Sir, your obedient servant, JAMES LORD, Chairman. We subjoin the Resolutions and Petition adopted at a Meeting held at Willis's Rooms, on Thursday, Feb. 24, of Protestants opposed to the above measure, JOHN PEMBERTON PLUMPTRE, Esq., M.P., in the chair.

Moved by G. ROCHFORT CLARKE, ESQ.; seconded by REV. HUGH STOWELL, of Manchester

"That this Meeting cannot but consider the Bill now introduced into the House of Lords, for enabling Her Majesty to establish diplomatic relations with the Court of Rome, as a violation of the 'Act declaring the rights and liberties of the subject, and settling the succession of the Crown;' and of the Act for the further limitation of the Crown, and better securing the rights and liberties of the subject;' and utterly inconsistent with the fundamental principles of the British Constitution."

Moved by Rev. R. J. M'GHEE ; seconded by Rev. CHARLES PREST

"That the temporal and spiritual power of the Pope are inseparable; that he claims a direct spiritual right, not only over the Roman Catholic Church, but over the Protestant Church, and over every Christian; that he claims to be the head and ruler over our Gracious Sovereign, whom he excommunicates and counts as a rebel against his lawful authority, together with all her subjects who refuse subjection to him; that he uses this spiritual authority but as a means to the advancement of his temporal power; and that he claims as strongly as at any former period the right of releasing Roman Catholic subjects from their allegiance, whenever his temporal interests require him so to do; and that, therefore, according to all principles of Constitutional law, he must be considered as an adversary and an enemy to the throne and dignity of our Sovereign; and the proposal to enter into Diplomatic relations with one who advances such unwarrantable claims is utterly inconsistent with the allegiance and fealty which is due to our rightful Queen."

Moved by Rev. C. SMYTH, Vicar of Alfriston; seconded by Colonel POWNEY

"That the following Petition be adopted to each House of Parliament, and that efforts be made to circulate the same extensively throughout the United Kingdom."

Forms of Petition may be had at 11, Exeter Hall, Strand.

Sheets are lying for signature with Messrs. Seeley, Fleet-street; Mr. Suter, Cheapside; Messrs. Hatchard, Piccadilly; Messrs. Nisbet, Berners-street. JOHN P. PLUMPTRE, Chairman.

PETITION AGAINST DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WITH Rome.

"To the Hon. the Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in Parliament assembled.

"The humble Petition of

"SHEWETH,

"That your petitioners have heard with feelings of alarm and surprise of a measure now before Parliament "for enabling Her Majesty to establish Diplomatic Relations with Rome."

"That your petitioners cannot but bear in mind, that such relations did once exist between this country and the Papal See, and that the pages of history demonstrate plainly that Papal interference was most prejudicial to the interests of this country, enslaving its Church, impairing its wealth, impoverishing its people, and creating division, that Rome might more absolutely govern.

"That since the yoke of Rome, in religious as well as temporal matters, was thrown off, this country has been more free and prosperous than at any former period.

"That your petitioners fear, that the power of Popery in this land has already attained to a higher position, than is consistent with the peace of the Church and safety of the State.

"That the reception of a Romish embassy here, will not only be wrong in principle, but in policy unsafe and injurious, inasmuch as, among other evils, it will present a focus wherein, apart from the control and vigilance of the law, may be concentrated the efforts of those who are avowedly seeking the extinction of Protestantism, and the exaltation of the Romish faith.

"Your petitioners further feel, that the basis of the Constitution as settled by the Act declaring the Rights and Liberties of the Subject, and settling the Succession of the Crown, forms so solemn a compact between the Sovereign and the people of this country, that it ought not to be tampered with, and that the Ministers of the Crown should be the last to teach the people to take the Constitution by surprise.

"That your petitioners object so strongly to the Bill in principle and detail, that they humbly implore your Hon. House to protect the Crown, the Church, the people, and the Constitution of this country, from the evils in which by such hasty measures they might otherwise be involved.

"Your petitioners therefore humbly implore your Hon. House that the Bill for enabling Her Majesty to establish Diplomatic Relations with Rome may not be permitted to pass into a law. And your petitioners will ever pray, &c."

It is recommended that the Petitions be sent for presentation to the Members of Parliament for the district from which they proceed.

LETTERS ON THE ROMAN CATHOLIC RELIGION.

ADDRESSED TO S *

*

BY THE AUTHOR OF "LIFE IN A CONVENT."

LETTER IV.-SAINT-WORSHIP.

(Continued from p. 80.)

"Tis you that say it, not I. You do the deeds, and your ungodly deeds find me the words."-MILTON.-Trans. from Sophocles.

"The age of heroes soon became that of demi-gods. When the dead received their apotheosis, worship was added to commemoration. There was a tutelary to propitiate, and a power to adore. It passed from the character of a type and laudatory festival, to a more reverent and religious ceremony. It still swelled to a higher import. For the celebration of the demigod was felt to be derogatory from the honours required by the supernal deities. Scruples might be raised, dialects might be argued, distinctions might be taken, and some convenient reference to a dovλela and a λarpeia might ease every difficulty and still every doubt."-NUGE LITERARIÆ.-Olympic Games.

MADAM, I now propose to complete the subject which has been the theme of my former three epistles; and to adduce some few proofs of the irrational and anti-scriptural character of Saint-worship; at the same time I shall endeavour to expose the jesuitism, sophistry, and false conclusions upon which Romish commentators would establish and build up so false a tenet, and make it part and parcel of the Gospel of the grace of God.

In demanding your attention once again upon this topic, I am sure you will excuse me, especially when I inform you, that my own spirit for a long period clung with eager pertinacity to so weak a reed, after all the other repugnant doctrines of the Church of Rome had been discarded, and obliterated from the articles of my belief! Never shall I forget the anguish of soul I endured, when I would enter my cell in the monastery, and prostrate myself before an image of the Madonna, exclaiming, "O Mary! I never will desert you!” Doubt and fear reigned successively over my tortured spirit, and bowed me to the earth. I felt as did the aged captive of whom we read, who, being confined for many years in a dungeon, when the glorious tidings of deliverance was announced in his ears, implored, as the greatest of blessings, that he might be permitted to pass the remainder of his life in captivity! Accustomed to gloominess and slavery, he envied not the children of liberty and light! He could not gaze with joyfulness upon the brilliancy of day, the greatest part of whose existence was dreamed away amid the dimness and blackness of a protracted night! So, when the light of truth burst in upon my mind, I dreaded its power. I would have remained in darkness rather than suffer the agonies of doubt and disquietude, which the sunbeams of truth occasioned! But God was stronger than I: and, having overcome in the contest with error, I now bear the palm of victory, and bless heaven for the ordeal through which I was permitted to pass !

I have stated, in a former Letter, that even the very titles by which the Saviour is designated, are surreptitiously applied to the saints, by the infallible Church! Liberté toute entière! For example: In Rom.

iii. 25, the apostle, in allusion to the mercy-seat, calls Christ "a Propitiation," but in her Litany, Mary is invoked as "Ark of the covenant." Again, Christ is styled, "the door," Isaiah x. 7, whilst Mary is called, "Gate of heaven!" In Rev. xxii. 16, Christ is endowed with the title of "Morning Star," but the Romish Church applies this epithet to Mary! Finally, in Colossians iii. 11, Christ is denominated, "All in All;" but in the Missal we find this designation applied to Francis de Sales! The collect reads as follows:

--

"O God, who for the salvation of souls was pleased that blessed Francis, thy confessor and bishop, should become all in all (!) mercifully grant, that being plentifully enriched with the sweetness of thy charity, by following his directions, and by the help of his merits, we may obtain life everlasting."

I now return to Dr. Doyle's Catechism of "Christian Doctrine," to which I promised to advert in Letter III. :

"Q. Is it lawful to honour the angels and saints?

"A. It is with dulia.

"Q. How prove you that?

"A. First, out of Joshua v. 14, 15; secondly, Rev. xxii. 18, where St. John did it."

Now, let us closely examine the proofs given by this champion of Popery, and see how they accord with the letter and spirit of the Word of God. In the first instance we shall refer to the book of Joshua ; and, for the sake of connexion, quote from the 13th verse:—

"And it came to pass, when Joshua was by Jericho, that he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, behold, there stood a man over against him with his sword drawn in his hand. And Joshua went unto him, and said unto him, Art thou for us, or our adversaries ?

"And he said, Nay! but as captain (literally prince) of the host of the Lord am I now come. And Joshua fell on his face to the earth, and did worship, and said unto him, What saith my lord unto his servant? And the captain of the Lord's host said unto Joshua, Loose thy shoe from off thy foot; for the place whereon thou standest is holy. And Joshua did so."

This passage, then, is brought to favour, nay, to support, the worship of saints and angels, by Dr. Doyle, late a Roman Catholic Bishop in Ireland. But nothing can be more evident than that the "man" spoken of in Joshua, is the Son of God himself, who is worthy of our highest adoration. Our blessed Saviour is not unfrequently represented in the Old Testament Scriptures as a "man." For instance; In Genesis xxxii, 24, we read :-" And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day." The man who wrestled with Jacob was God. For we read in the 29th verse:-" And Jacob asked him, and said, Tell me, I pray thee, thy name. And he said, Wherefore is it that thou dost ask after my name? And he blessed him there. And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel, for I have seen God face to face." Now, that the man who appeared to Joshua was God, is clear, from the expression in the 27th verse of chap. vi. :-"So THE LORD WAS WITH JOSHUA!"

Further the very circumstance of Joshua being commanded to loose his shoe from off his foot is more than circumstantial evidence

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