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but says that the Papists are advancing their interests in the Armenian church, and are gaining proselytes. The fact seems to be that the dark, inquiring, desirous mind, if not met by the minister of truth, is there in danger of falling into the cold, iron embrace of Popery. The Popish missions throughout the Levant are experiencing a renovation; and the present number of their adherents enables them to come into contact with numerous points in the native mind. It is to be feared that they are not always scrupulous as to the means employed to excite the jealousies of the people against Protestant missionaries. An attempt was made by them, during the past year, to procure the banishment of our missionary brethren from Syria. It is a fact that should not escape the watchful attention of all PROTESTANT NATIONS having representations in Turkey, that nearly all the dragomans of foreign ministers at the Turkish court, since the Greek revolution, have been Roman Catholics. Protection by their own government is all that missionaries ask-the same which is due to merchants and travellers-protection to all missionaries, whether Protestant or Popish. This is their due."— Missionary Register, Feb. 1842.

NOTICE.

THE publisher gives the following statement to the general readers and friends of the Magazine very unwillingly, but he has no other means of answering the many questions asked, requests made, and hints given from behind the curtain of anonymous letters, some of which are not of the most pleasing and encouraging kind.

The Magazine was originally undertaken by him, in connexion with the Protestant Association, to occupy what he then considered, and still thinks, a very important field in the religious world, in the present state and circumstances of the visible church of Christ. He freely and firmly asserts, that he had no self-interest or private ends to serve. The preservation of our noble and glorious Protestant institutions, and the high and holy cause of Protestant truth, were his stimulating motives, and his encouragements were the sanguine expectations (raised by many promises of support) that the work would meet with a favourable reception from a numerous portion of the Protestant public of the united empire. With these views, and with the expectations thus raised of a very extensive sale, the Magazine was commenced at the low price of two-pence, with the view of meeting the circumstances of the working classes, and enabling the more wealthy to circulate it gratuitously among their poorer neighbours. It was soon found necessary, from various reasons, to enlarge it to double the size. This the publisher did at one penny only advance in price, confidently trusting in the interest the Protestant public would take in its success, and consequently on an increased circulation and sale, to preserve him free from loss. This fond expectation was, however, not realized. The sale did increase in a slight degree for a few months, but soon fell off considerably below what it was before, and therefore something else was necessary to be done. Various plans were proposed and considered; that of improving its literary character was adopted, and an editor of high literary talent engaged at the publisher's expense. This had not an effect equal to the increased expense, and again the sale was reduced below its former number, so that at the close of the last year the publisher found himself a loser to an extent few persons would be disposed to believe, were he to state the amount. It had now come to that point either to discontinue it, or advance the price, the latter alternative was adopted, with the intention of giving four portraits in the course of the year, as an equivalent for the increase of price. The publisher would be very glad could he now give his complaining friends the pleasing information that there is a good prospect of its permanent continuance at the present amount of circulation, and will be glad to engage with any of them (who may think it a lucrative concern) to give them at the close of the year all that is over and above actual paid expenses, if they will assure him against further loss. If the sale increases so as to allow of it, he will be glad to reduce the price, or apply a portion of the profits in furthering the cause of Protestant truth."

THE

PROTESTANT MAGAZINE.

MAY 1, 1843.

THE WATCHMAN.

"Watchman, what of the night?
Watchman, what of the night?

The watchman said,

The morning cometh, and also the night;
If ye will inquire, inquire ye:
Return, come."

Isaiah, xxi. 11, 12.

As the time approaches when the chief managers of our great religious societies meet their supporters in the metropolis, we are reminded of stirring events connected with some among them, which will render their annual commemoration more than usually impressive. As regards that with which we are immediately connected, we look forward with no small measure of expectation to the appearance on our platform of the Rev. R. J. M'Ghee,. whose determination, publicly expressed at Liverpool, never to come forward without pledging his brethren to something practical, something suited to the present juncture, speaks encouragement, where its need is deeply felt; in fact, the crisis, that with fearful rapidity has long been approaching, may come upon us before another year has elapsed; and the golden opportunities, now too little valued, of rallying round what remains to us of English Protestantism, may be exchanged for regrets, alike bitter and fruitless, that they should have been irretrievably lost. We proceed to notice a few of the events of the past month, coming immediately within the sphere of our observations as Protestant watchmen.

France, who appears to be rapidly resuming her ancient character of subserviency to the Papacy, has committed an act of aggression, the origin and object of which may be gathered from the following brief outline of facts:

Tahiti, a name familiar to every English ear, as connected with the discoveries of our great circumnavigator, became an object of Christian enterprise nearly half a century ago. In VOL. V.-May, 1843.

K

1797, teachers appointed by the London Missionary Society landed on those distant and barbarous shores, where for eighteen years the gospel was preached, before the natives received the glad tidings. Thenceforward, the civilization of the country increased with great rapidity, until it became a post of commercial importance in the eyes of other nations. In November, 1836, a remarkable incident occurred. Two Popish priests, Frenchmen, made good a clandestine landing, in an obscure part of the island, in direct violation of one of its laws, which enacts, that the queen's permission must be obtained previous to the landing of any foreigner on her majesty's territories. They were therefore, with all possible civility, requested to re-embark, and on refusing so to do, they were conveyed, in perfect safety, back to the vessel that brought them. It was well known at the time that a hearty distaste for Popery, grounded on a knowledge of the true gospel, quickened the vigilance of the Tahitans on this occasion. Nearly two years afterwards, a French frigate appeared off the island, demanding an apology and 2000 dollars, in reparation for the ill-treatment and losses sustained by the reverend fathers, on pain of immediate bombardment. This was complied with; and, so far encouraged, another French vessel arrived in less than a year, and having made a stay of three months, sufficient to bring them acquainted with the limited resources of the government, the officers compelled the queen, under a threat of immediate hostilities, to change the law of the land, and to admit Popish emissaries on terms equally advantageous with those so long enjoyed by the original missionaries of England.

In May, last year, another French ship of war appeared, to avenge the wrongs of a drunken whaler, whom the island police had very properly put in confinement for a riot. They compelled the queen to disband the whole of her police force, and so prepared the way for the exploits of the following September; when, by one of the most fraudulent proceedings ever recorded, the French admiral, Thouars, obtained from the poor queen, who was daily expecting her confinement, and wholly unable to cope with such enemies, a nominal surrender of her royal authority. This was done by the threat that if she did not either so submit, or pay 10,000 dollars within twenty-four hours, he would plant the French flag, and fire his guns. The queen held out for twenty-three hours, and then signed; and the first act of the unprincipled usurpers was to decree the penalty of banishment against any person "who should either in word or deed prejudice the Tahitan people against the French government." The sole charge that the French themselves can bring against the islanders is, that the native authorities strove to check the infamous profligacy of their officers and seamen on shore, and that the whole population exhibited a marked aversion to Popery.

We have not space to comment on this proceeding; it is a bold movement on the part of her, the mother of harlots, who, before her final overthrow, will make ALL nations drunk with the wine of the wrath of her fornication. We trust the prayerful efforts of English Christians will be brought powerfully to bear on this most nefarious act of Papal aggression.

Next comes Malta, where the truth, like its blessed preacher, Paul, seems not unlikely to suffer shipwreck. Popery is nearly as rampant now in that quarter as when the famous knights held sway over the island. Ensign Maclachlan's unjust sentence is indeed reversed, by special command from the government at home; but the hostile party felt themselves strong enough to prosecute, and fully expected to fine and imprison a respectable Protestant publisher, for printing in a scriptural periodical some of the plain sayings of our Reformers, as set forth in the homilies of our church, concerning the Romish Antichrist. How far this persecution will be permitted to go, a little time will discover. Our friends must keep their eyes on Malta.

Taking a peep at Rome itself, we have, as recorded in the Tablet of the 15th inst., the following curious piece of information:

"The Protestant Bishop of Tuam has been here, and was presented to his Holiness, according to his own request. He wore his apron, and knelt three times, according to usage. The Pope almost anticipated the ceremony, by rising in the most cordial manner, and shaking both his hands, and told him, through his interpreter, that he was pleased to meet the son of Lord Plunkett, and added, that he felt a lively and grateful recollection of the services rendered to the Catholics of Great Britain and Ireland by the eloquence and the reasoning powers of his illustrious father. The bishop retired greatly pleased, and begged of the rev. rector of the English College to convey his thanks to his Holiness on occasion of so complimentary a reception. This is the first instance on record of a Protestant bishop asking an interview in half-canonicals of the Anglican denomination. May we hope that it will not be the last?"

We have no better authority for this disgraceful fact, if fact it be, than that of Mr. Lucas's correspondent at Rome; but having been so publicly asserted, a contradiction equally public is called for. We are loth to believe any bishop of the English or Irish church guilty, or capable, of so foul a deed as is here set forth; but we do live in very strange times!

At home, the prevailing topic of hot dispute is the new Factories' Education Bill. Lord Arundel, whose right feeling has, on more than one occasion, so displayed itself as to command the respect of those who are irreconcilably opposed to his creed, has brought upon himself the most unmeasured vituperation by the mild, gentlemanly, and every way becoming tone, in which he has met the unpalateable clause of that act, which, most justly and constitutionally, looks to the established church of the land as the appointed instructors of the people. Lord Arundel concedes

this point, merely asking indulgence for the children of persons professing his own creed; and this he has done far more temperately than, we are sorry to say, some classes of Protestant dissenters have done. No sooner did this speech appear, than the Tablet pounced upon his lordship with a tremendous anticipation of the anathema which, it was taken for granted, "the church" would presently hurl at his devoted head. Strange to say, while Mr. Lucas penned this castigation, the Institute was passing a vote of thanks to Lord Arundel, which, instead of mollifying, much increased the Tablet's indignation; insomuch that, while this zealous organ of the O'Connell faction in England is charging Lord Arundel with the high crime of concealed Protestantism, and announcing that both his lordship and his father, the Duke of Norfolk, are about to apostatize to heresy, a very dominant Romish priest in London, named Moore, has publicly propounded the startling question, of "whether Mr. Lucas is a bona fide Catholic?" This subject fills the columns of the Tablet, and, very opportunely, leaves no space to carry on the awkward topic of priestly interference with the Articles of War, or the claims of John Sobieski Stuart to the English crown. That gentleman, by the way, as we learn from good authority, frequents the parties of his friends in Edinburgh with a star on his breast. We would take this opportunity of amending, or rather explaining, an expression in our last, in reference to Mr. Stuart. When observing that the writer of an article in the Catholic Magazine represented him as the legitimate sovereign of England, we used the term legitimate as applicable to the lawful descent from James Stuart, claimed for him by that writer, who asserts that he has examined the correspondence and other documents of this modern Pretender, and has come to the conclusion set forth, or rather insinuated, in his cautiously worded paper. There are not wanting some who treat the whole matter as a mere jest; we beg to recommend to such persons a perusal of the article referred to: "The Last of the Stuarts," in the Romish Magazine for March, 1843.

The profound apathy of Protestants to all that is going on renders it a thankless task to note these matters; but we know right well the tactics of Rome. Instead of a long, openly sustained effort on any one point, she just throws a handful of seed into the ground, a patch here and a patch there, till the whole field is gradually sown. The bystanders catch a momentary glimpse of each parcel of grain in its transit to the bosom of the earth, but it is so small in quantity, and so soon hidden from view, that the warning spectacle is presently forgotten again; and when the harvest begins to ripen, many will inquire with astonishment, How was it sown under our very eyes, and we not aware of it? The subject, we know, is positively distasteful to some, who

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