Images de page


364. No. 477.a.

365. No. 477. b.

366. No. 477. c.

Ibid. No. 477. d.

367. No. 478.

369. No. 479.

370. No. 480.

372. No. 481.

Ibid. No. 481. a.

374. No. 482.

Offering of incense and libation.
Wine offered in two cups.

Vases used for libation.

Offering of milk.

Various flowers form the sculptures.
Offerings of figs and some vegetables.
Preparing to anoint the statue of a god.
Offering of a figure of truth.

Emblematical offerings.

Offerings placed on the altar, with wine, ointment, and other things.

375. No. 483. Emblems with the head of Athor presented to

the gods.

Ibid. No. 484. A priest kneeling at an altar, and a figure with what is supposed to be a tail.

376. No. 485. Men beating themselves, another with two of those unknown emblems.

[blocks in formation]

381. Vignette P. Interior of a mummy pit, or sepulchral

chamber, at Thebes.

382. Woodcut, No. 491.

Services performed to the dead by a

member of the family.

383. No. 492. The members of the family present, when the services were performed.

Ibid. No. 493. A woman embracing and weeping, before her husband's mummy.

385. No. 494. Conveying the mummies to the closet, after the services had been performed.

386. No. 495.

Pouring oil over a mummy. The napkin over

the priest's shoulder.

387. No. 496. An altar, showing that the trench carried off the



391. No. 497. 398. No. 498.

410. No. 499.

412. No. 500.

the coffin.

A table of offerings found in a tomb.
Seals found near the Tombs.
Closets containing the figures of Gods.

The mummy's head, seen at an open panel of

413. No. 500. a. Knot of a belt.

418. No. 501. A peculiar attendant at a funeral. 422. No. 502. Grease, or some liquid, poured before the sledge bearing the coffin.

476. No. 503. A stone scarabæus with silver wings, placed in

the breast of mummies.

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Page 18. add note on "feather," last line but 3.," The God Mouè frequently supports the solar disc with his hands, and appears to be the same as fig. 3. Plate 43. Vide also the name of the God at Tel el Amarna, Plate 30., where Ao or Mouè seems to be said to reside in the solar disc.""

18. note §, add, "I since find Melcarth is written po, Melkarth, or Mlkrth, in a Punic inscription at Malta."

36. note, for" p. 232. 235., read “p. 233. 237."

65. line 3., for "Efface," read “Efface."

127. line 1., for "vegetables of Egypt," read "vegetable productions of Egypt."

251. line 5., for "other kinds; and it is still an opinion," read " other kinds; for it is still an opinion;" and, line 8., for "with scales. It is, likewise, possible that the prejudice," read "with scales; and the Oxyrhinchus, from the smallness of its scales, may have been reckoned among the former. It is, however, probable that the prejudice."

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298. note for "278.," read “274.”

301. line 17., for "Pachon," read "Pachons."

458. last line but 2., for " and these last employed," read" and the

relations employed."




CHAPTER XIII. (continued).



I HAVE already stated that it is not my intention to treat of the remaining Deities according to the rank they hold in the Pantheon, or to distinguish between those of the second and third order. The monuments, indeed, afford no proof of this arrangement; and the number of Genii or inferior Deities suggests that those excluded from the second rank were not all comprehended in the same class of tertiary Gods.

It might even be difficult to fix upon the twelve of the second order. The most important are doubtless Re (the Sun), Atmoo, Thoth (the Moon), Eilethyia, Ao, Thmei, Athor, Thriphis, Amunta (or Tamun), Mandoo, Seb, Netpe, Tafne, Ranno, and Sofh; but of these fifteen, Ao, Thmei, and Tafne are born of Re, and should therefore

* Nofre-Atmoo being perhaps a character of Atmoo.

be of the third order; and Seb and Netpe only seem to claim a rank in the same class with Re, Atmoo, and the others, from being the parents of Isis and Osiris.

I should perhaps have placed Atmoo before Thoth, from the rank he holds on the monuments of Thebes as well as of Lower Egypt; but the duties of Thoth bringing him into frequent communication with Osiris, and his character of the Moon connecting him with Re the Sun, may serve to claim for him prior notice.


Thoth, the God of Letters, had various characters, according to the functions he was supposed to fulfil. In his office of scribe in the lower regions, he was engaged in noting down the actions of the dead, and in presenting or reading them to Osiris, the Judge of Amenti: "the dead being judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works." He also overlooked and registered the actions and life of man while on earth; holding then, instead of his tablet, a palm branch, emblematic of a year, to which were attached the symbol of life, and man in embryo under the form of a frog. †

Thoth was the "first Hermes" mentioned by Manetho; the same who was reputed to have been the preceptor of Isis, and the Hermes of Plutarch ‡,

*It is remarkable that the Gauls called their Mercury Theutates. These emblems are mentioned by Horapollo.

Plut. de Is. s. 19.

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