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detailed description. They usually present a hieroglyphic inscription, either in a vertical line down the centre, or in horizontal bands round the body, containing the name and quality of the deceased, with the customary presentation of offerings for his soul to Osiris, a chapter from the ritual, or some funereal formula. In the hands of these figures are a hoe and a bag of seed. Their arms are crossed in imitation of certain representations of Osiris, whose name and form the dead assumed; and their beard indicates the return of the human soul, which once animated that body, to the Deity from whom it emanated.
I do not enter into a minute description of all the modes of arranging the objects in the tombs, the endless variety of Egyptian mummies, or the subjects of their painted cases. I have confined myself to a general view of this, as of other subjects connected with the manners and customs of this ancient and remarkable people; and now, having accompanied the Egyptians to the tomb, I take my leave of them with this wish,
"Sedibus ut saltem placidis in morte quiescant."
Aaron, embroidered fine linen coat
Abbott, collection of Dr., i. 194, 195,
Abrek, Berek, "bow the knee," ii.
Abstract ideas, i. 327, 328, 330.
false arch at, ii. 301.
some preferred to be buried at,
Abyssinia. See Monkies.
called "blue" properly "black
Abyssinians do not eat geese and
Acacia, or Mimosa, several kinds of,
a sensitive, in Ethiopia, ii. 28.
Adaptability. See Taste, i. 21; ii. 288.
not the land of Egypt, in Homer,
Agesilaus took back chaplets of pa-
led to the adjustment of the
and manufactures of Egypt, ii.
Agweh, preserve of dates, i. 55.
walls lined with, ii. 288, 292.
Alexandria, population of, i. 305.
number of persons who sold
much wine to be obtained at, i.
Alitta or Mylitta, i. 333.
Alluvial deposit in the Valley of the
rise of, and proportion of the,
kept at Memphis,
stables of, i. 290, 295.
embalmed and buried with great
died and another chosen, i. 291.
generally lived 17 to 20 years,
-, rejoicings on finding the new, i.
in Greece, ii. 302.
true and false, ii. 302, 303.
of brick, ii. 300-303.
of stone, ii. 300, 301, 303.
--, principle of the, not depending
the pent roof the predecessor of
pointed, very early, ii. 304.
pointed, very early, at Tuscu-
of the infantry, i. 354.
Architecture of Egypt, derived much
-, some parts from wood, ii. 280.
a creation of the mind, ii. 271.
constructed borrowed pillar
Byzantine, and Romanesque,
progress and modification of
Ark, or boat, of Sokari, i. 284, 285.
Armed troops, light and heavy, i. 338,
Arms of Egyptian soldiers, i. 344–369.
Arms of their allies, i. 338.
of heavy and light armed troops,
Army, amount of the, i. 337.
discipline of the, i. 337, 338, 340.
standards of the, i. 342, 343.
Aroura, or Arura, land measure, ii.
Arouras, twelve given to each soldier,
Arrivals of guests at a party, i. 73-76,
Arrows, length of, i. 353.
of reed, i. 352, 353; ii. 30.
tipped with metal, or with flint,
with flint heads used by the
Arsinoë, on the Red Sea, ii. 235, 236.
or Crocodilopolis, i. 307.
Arsinoïte nome, i. 242; ii. 28.
Artificial flowers, i. 57.
Arts, ii. 277-280.
of production and arts of design,
and inventions older than we
Aryandes coined money in Egypt, ii.
Ascalon and Asmaor (Samaria ?), i.
Ashûr of ten strings, a Jewish instru-
Asiatic enemies of Egypt. See Ene-
A'Souán, or Syene, Cuphic inscrip-
-, quarries at, ii. 309, 311.
sacred to Neph (Nû, or Nûm),
Assemblies, the great, i. 280.
Athenian coins of commerce had the
old type, ii. 151.
Athor, cow or heifer the emblem of,
Venus of Egypt, i. 333.
the Persea the sacred tree of,
Axe, or hatchet, used in war, i. 361,
with a metal blade, used by
A'zrek means "black" as well as
Baalbek, large stones of, ii. 299.
mode of removing large stones
mode of carrying Gods of, i.
golden statues at, ii. 243.
resemblance of, to Osiris, i. 285.
-, they mounted on each other's
Bargains, length of time in con-
Barley, ii. 21. See Wheat, and Beer.
Bastinado, punishment of the, i. 418;
of women, ii. 211.
of workmen, ii. 212.
of shereefs and great men, ii. 212.
Baths, ii. 349.
Bats represented, i. 234.
with bronze blade and silver
Beans and other vegetables eaten,
of gods, kings, and private indi-
Bedroom furniture, i. 70, 71.
Bedsteads, i. 72.
Beef and goose favourite meats of the
not wholesome, i. 66.
Beer, men drunk with, i. 54.
offered, i. 266.
called barley-wine, and zythos
Bees and hives, i. 36.
taken on the Nile in boats, i. 36.
Beni-Hassan, strange shields at, i.
wrestlers at, i. 204, 205.
dwarfs and deformed persons
Benno sacred bird of Osiris (appa-
Berenice, on the Red Sea, ii. 235-237.
Bersheh. See Colossus.
Biot, reign of Thothmes fixed by, ii.
of guard ships, ii. 55.
steersman a high office among,
Boats of Egypt, i. 414; ii. 119–131.
with double mast in early times,
-, punts, or canoes of papyrus,
going up and down the Nile, ii.
sails of, like those of China, but
of large size only used during
made of the papyrus, ii. 119-
mentioned by Pliny and Strabo,
of the papyrus safe against cro-
of papyrus not sent to India, as
- of the Armenians covered with
of Egypt had no beaks, ii. 128.
lotus painted on, ii. 127.
-, eye on prow of, confined to the
eye on Maltese and Indian, ii.