Intonation

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Cambridge University Press, 13 oct. 1997 - 201 pages
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When published in 1986, this book was the first to survey intonation in all its aspects, both in English and universally. In this updated edition, while the basic descriptive facts of the form and use of intonation are presented in the British nuclear tone tradition, there is nevertheless extensive comparison with other theoretical frameworks, in particular with the ToBI framework, which has become widespread in the United States. The author has expanded the sections on historical background, different theoretical approaches and sociolinguistic variation. Intonation remains a basic reference book for linguists, phoneticians, speech therapists and all those concerned with speech in any way.
 

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Table des matières

PRELIMINARIES
1
111 Length loudness and pitch
2
1113 Pitch
3
1114 Summary
5
13 Prominence
6
14 Intonation
7
15 Tone languages
8
16 Pitch accent languages
10
4413 Rises independent
97
4414 Tonal sequences
103
442 Conditioning factors
104
443 Abstract meanings
106
4432 A threetone approach
108
4433 A compositional approach
110
444 Tonal features
114
4441 Accent range
115

17 Summary
12
STRESS ACCENT AND RHYTHM
13
22 Wordstress
14
221 English wordstress
15
23 Degrees of stressaccent
17
24 Rhythm
20
25 Prosodic hierarchies
22
26 Summary
25
THE FORMS OF INTONATION
26
32 Intonationgroups
29
321 Pause
30
322 Other boundary markers
32
323 Internal structure as group marker
35
33 Contours and levels
38
34 Pitch accents and nucleus
40
35 Accent range key and register
44
36 Whole tunes and nuclear tones
47
37 English nuclear tones
50
38 Prenuclear pitch accents
54
39 Alternatives to nuclear tones
55
391 Autosegmental approaches 1
56
392 Autosegmental approaches 2
59
310 Summary and preview
66
THE FUNCTIONS OF INTONATION
68
43 Nucleus placement
73
431 Broad focus
74
432 Narrow focus
80
433 New and old information
81
4331 Contrastivity
82
4332 Echoes
84
4333 Insists
85
434 Normal stress
86
44 English nuclear tones
87
441 Local meanings
91
4412 Rises dependent
93
4442 Complexity
117
4443 Stylisation
119
4444 Declination and downstep
120
45 Key and register
123
46 Summary
125
COMPARATIVE INTONATION
128
53 Dialectal variation
131
531 British English
133
532 Variation in English dialects outside Britain
136
54 Crosslinguistic comparisons
138
541 Comparative intonationgroupings
139
542 Comparative nucleus placement
140
alternative models
144
basic typology
149
5441 Declaratives
151
5442 Yesno interrogatives
155
5443 Question word interrogatives
159
5444 Imperatives and exclamatives
160
5446 Stereotyped patterns and chants
161
551 Declination
162
552 Tonal universals
163
56 Intonational change
164
57 Intonation acquisition
166
58 Summary
169
CONSPECTUS
172
611 Prosodic features
173
612 Paralinguistic effects
174
62 Intonation and punctuation
175
63 Intonation and gesture
177
64 Stateoftheart
178
Sources and further reading
179
References
180
Index
197
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